As soon as parents begin to think about how to teach their child to reading skills, in addition to letters and syllables, the concept "sound analysis of the word \u0026 raquo; appears. However, not everyone understands why it is necessary to teach a child who can not read, to do it, because it can only cause confusion. But, as it turns out, the ability to properly understand words for sounds depends on the ability to write correctly in the future.

Sound analysis of the word: what is it

First of all, it is worth giving a definition. So, the sound analysis of a word is the definition of the order of their placement of sounds in a specific word and the characteristics of their features.

Why children need to learn to perform sound analysis of words? To develop phonemic hearing, i.e. the ability to clearly distinguish sounds and not to confuse words, for example: Tim — Dima. After all, if the child is not taught a clear distinction between hearing the words, he will not be able to write correctly. And this skill can be useful not only when studying grammar of the native language, but when studying languages of other countries.

The order of parsing a word by sounds

When performing audio analysis of any word, you must first put the emphasis, then divide it into syllables. Then find out how many letters in a word and how sounds. The next step will be a gradual analysis of each sound. Then counts how many in the analyzed word is vowels and how many consonants. Initially, children are better to eat for the analysis of simple one-syllable or two syllables of words such as their names: Ivan, Katya, Anya and others.

When the child gradually figured out how to correctly analyze on simple examples, it is worthwhile to complicate the analyzed examples of words.

Sound Word Analysis: Scheme

When working with the youngest children, special color cards are used to better assimilate information.Sound analysis of the word: what is it and how to correctly do itWith their help, children learn to create a scheme for sound analysis.

Card scarlet color is used to indicate vowel sounds. Blue — hard consonants, and the green soft. To denote syllables using two-color cards in the same colors. They can be used to teach the child to describe the sounds and whole syllables. Also need a card to indicate the accent and the card showing the division of words into syllables. All of these symbols help to teach the child to do the sound analysis of words (scheme Vetom plays not the last role), approved the official school curriculum in Russia.

Vowels are their brief characteristic. Diphthongs

Before you begin to analyze the word, it is important to know what features have all the phonetic sounds (vowels/consonants). When teaching children in the early stages it is necessary to give only the most simple properties, everything else is child will learn in high school.

Vowel sounds (their six: [a], [a], [e], [s], [y], [and] are shock / unstressed.
Also in Russian there are letters, which in a certain position can give a pair of sounds - e [do], w [dy], i [ya], e [ye].

If they follow the consonants, they sound like one sound and give softness to the previous sound. In other positions (the beginning of the word, after the vowels and "b" and "b") sound like 2 sounds.

Brief characteristics of consonants

Consonant sounds in our language are thirty-six, but they are represented graphically by only twenty-one signs. Consonants are hard and soft, as well as voiced and deaf. Also they can / can not form pairs.

The table below lists the sonorous and deaf sounds that can form pairs, and those that do not have this ability.Remember: the consonant sounds [th`], [h`], [u`] at any position — soft, and the consonants [f], [TS], [sh], always strong. The sounds [TS], [x], [h`], [u`] — absolutely always are deaf, [m], [n], [l], [R], [y`] — (sonorama) or ringing.

Soft and hard signs do not give sounds. The soft sign makes the preceding consonant soft and hard sign serves as a separator of sounds (for example, in the Ukrainian such is the role of the apostrophe).

Examples of sound analysis of words: "language \u0026 raquo; and "group \u0026 raquo;

Having dealt with theory, it is worth trying to practice.For example, you can conduct an audio analysis of the word "language \u0026 raquo ;. This word is quite simple, and even a beginner can disassemble it.

1) In this example, there are two syllables "i-zyk \u0026 raquo ;. 2 syllable is percussion
2) The first syllable is formed with the help of the diphthong "i \u0026 raquo; which stands at the beginning of the word, and therefore consists of 2 sounds [i'a]. The sound [s] is a consonant (according to), soft (soft) (green card), second sound [a] - vowel, unstressed (scarlet card). To indicate this syllable in the scheme, you can also take a two-color green-red card.
3) In the scheme put a card, indicating the separation of syllables.
4) Syllable 2 "language \u0026 raquo ;. It consists of three sounds [s], [s], [k]. Consonant [s] - hard. sonorous (blue card). The sound [s] is vowel. percussion (red card). Sound [to] - according to. solid. deaf. (the card is blue).
5) The emphasis is placed and verified by changing the analyzed word.
6) So in the word "language \u0026 raquo; two syllables, four letters and five sounds.

It is worth considering one point: in this example, the word "language \u0026 raquo; was understood as for first-grade students, who do not yet know that some vowels in unstressed position can give other sounds. In high school, when students will deepen their knowledge of phonetics, they will learn that in the word "language \u0026 raquo; unstressed [a] is pronounced as [and] - [language].

Sound analysis of the word "group \u0026 raquo ;.

1) In the analyzed example there are 2 syllables: "gro-ppa \u0026 raquo ;. 1 syllable is percussion.
2) The syllable "Groi \u0026 raquo; make up three sounds [grou]. The first [r] - acc. solid. ring. (the card is blue). The sound [p] - acc. solid. ring. (the card is blue). The sound [y] is vowel. shock. (scarlet card).
3) In the scheme put a card, indicating the separation of syllables.
4) In the second syllable "ppa \u0026 raquo; three letters, but they produce only 2 sounds [n: a]. Sound [n:] - acc. solid. deaf. (the card is blue). Also it is doubled and pronounced long (blue card). The sound [a] is vowel. unstressed (scarlet card).
5) The stress is placed in the diagram.
6) So, the word "group \u0026 raquo; consists of 2 syllables, six letters and five sounds.

The ability to make simple sound analysis of a word is not something complicated, in fact it is a fairly simple process, but it depends on many things, especially if the child has problems with the diction. If you understand how to do it, it will help to pronounce words in their native language without mistakes, and will contribute to the development of ability to write them down.

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