As soon as parents begin to think about how to teach their children reading skills, in addition to letters and syllables, the concept of “sound analysis of the word \u0026 raquo;” appears. However, not everyone understands why it is necessary to teach a child who cannot read, to do it, because this can only cause confusion. But, as it turns out, the ability to correctly write in the future depends on the ability to correctly understand the words in sounds.

Sound analysis of the word: what is it

First of all, it is necessary to give a definition. So, the sound analysis of a word is the definition by the order of their placement of sounds in a particular word and the characteristic of their features.

Why children need to learn to perform sound analysis of words? To develop phonemic hearing, i.e. the ability to clearly distinguish sounds and not to confuse words, for example: Tim — Dima. After all, if the child is not taught a clear distinction between hearing the words, he will not be able to write correctly. And this skill can be useful not only when studying grammar of the native language, but when studying languages of other countries.

Word order by sound

When performing audio analysis of any word, you must first put the emphasis, then divide it into syllables. Then find out how many letters in a word and how sounds. The next step will be a gradual analysis of each sound. Then counts how many in the analyzed word is vowels and how many consonants. Initially, children are better to eat for the analysis of simple one-syllable or two syllables of words such as their names: Ivan, Katya, Anya and others.

When the child has gradually figured out how to properly analyze using simple examples, it is worthwhile to complicate the examples of words being analyzed.

Sound analysis of the word: scheme

When working with the youngest children, special colored cards are used to better assimilate information.Sound analysis of the word: what it is and how to do it correctlyWith their help, children learn to create a sound analysis circuit.

Card scarlet color is used to indicate vowel sounds. Blue — hard consonants, and the green soft. To denote syllables using two-color cards in the same colors. They can be used to teach the child to describe the sounds and whole syllables. Also need a card to indicate the accent and the card showing the division of words into syllables. All of these symbols help to teach the child to do the sound analysis of words (scheme Vetom plays not the last role), approved the official school curriculum in Russia.

Vowel sounds are a brief description. Diphthongs

Before you begin to analyze the word, it is important to know what features have all the phonetic sounds (vowels/consonants). When teaching children in the early stages it is necessary to give only the most simple properties, everything else is child will learn in high school.

Vowel sounds (there are six of them: [o], [a], [e], [s], [y], [and]) are percussive / unstressed.
Also in Russian there are letters that in a certain position can give a couple of sounds - e [yo], y [yu], i [ya], e [e].

If they follow the consonants, they sound like one sound and give a softness to the preceding sound. In other positions (the beginning of the word, after the vowels, and “ъ” and “ь”) sound like 2 sounds.

Brief Characteristic of Consonants

There are thirty-six consonant sounds in our language, but graphically they represent only twenty-one characters. Consonants are hard and soft, as well as voiced and deaf. Also they can / cannot form pairs.

The table below lists the voiced and deaf sounds that can form pairs, and those that do not have this ability.Remember: the consonant sounds [th`], [h`], [u`] at any position — soft, and the consonants [f], [TS], [sh], always strong. The sounds [TS], [x], [h`], [u`] — absolutely always are deaf, [m], [n], [l], [R], [y`] — (sonorama) or ringing.

Soft and hard signs do not give sounds. The soft sign makes the preceding consonant soft and hard sign serves as a separator of sounds (for example, in the Ukrainian such is the role of the apostrophe).

Examples of sound analysis of words: “language \u0026 raquo; and "the group \u0026 raquo;

Having dealt with theory, you should try to practice.For example, you can perform a sound analysis of the word "language \u0026 raquo ;. This word is quite simple, and even a beginner can understand it.

1) In this example, there are two syllables "I-sik \u0026 raquo ;. 2 syllable is stressed
2) The first syllable is formed with the help of diphthong "I", which stands at the beginning of the word, and therefore, consists of 2 sounds [y'a]. The sound [th`] is consonant (cons.), Soft (soft) (green card), the second sound [a] is vowel, unstressed (scarlet card). To indicate this syllable in the scheme, you can also take a two-color green-red card.
3) A card indicating the division of syllables is put in the diagram.
4) Syllable 2 "tongue \u0026 raquo ;. It consists of three sounds [s], [s], [k]. Consonant [s] - firm. ringing (blue card). Sound [s] - public. shock (card red). Sound [to] - agreed hard deaf (blue card).
5) The stress is put and checked by changing the analyzed word.
6) So in the word "language \u0026 raquo; two syllables, four letters and five sounds.

One thing to consider: in this example, the word "language \u0026 raquo; it was sorted out as for first-grade students who do not yet know that some vowels in an unaccented position may produce other sounds. In high school, when students deepen their knowledge of phonetics, they will learn that in the word "language \u0026 raquo; unstressed [a] is pronounced as [u] - [izyk].

Sound analysis of the word "group \u0026 raquo ;.

1) In the analyzed example, there are 2 syllables: "group" \u0026 raquo ;. 1 syllable is stressed.
2) The syllable "gru \u0026 raquo; make up three sounds [gru]. First [r] - agreed hard call (blue card). Sound [p] - agreed hard call (blue card). Sound [y] - public shock (card scarlet).
3) A card indicating the division of syllables is put in the diagram.
4) In the second syllable, “PPA \u0026 raquo; three letters, but they produce only 2 sounds [n: a]. Sound [n:] - agreed hard deaf (blue card). He is also double and pronounced long (blue card). Sound [a] - public unstressed (scarlet card).
5) Put stress in the scheme.
6) So the word "group \u0026 raquo; consists of 2 syllables, six letters and five sounds.

The ability to make simple sound analysis of a word is not something complicated, in fact it is a fairly simple process, but it depends on many things, especially if the child has problems with the diction. If you understand how to do it, it will help to pronounce words in their native language without mistakes, and will contribute to the development of ability to write them down.