The vestibular apparatus is an organ of human equilibrium. He is in the inner ear and is responsible for the position of the body in space. Seduction, seasickness, dizziness and other symptoms indicate that the vestibular apparatus is impaired in humans. How to train an organ of balance? Much easier than it might seem at first glance! Today we will deal with this issue.
The structure of the equilibrium organ
Before you learn how to train the vestibular apparatus at home, let's look at its structure superficially. The organ of equilibrium is located in the temporal part of the head. It consists of two parts, each of which has its own specific functions. The first is responsible for angular movements of the head, and the second - for the direct position of the body.
The threshold of the inner ear is filled with the endolymph. It is a viscous mass in which crystals of calcium carbonate float. Inside the ear there are so-called spots, covered with many finest receptor hairs. When the position of the body changes, the crystals move within the endolymph and contact the receptor hairs, irritating them. From the hairs, the movement is transmitted to the brain, which, in turn, gives the body a signal about the need to change position.
The equilibrium system is associated with the brain and spinal cord, the organs of vision and the central nervous system. Thus, it is a comprehensive system that, with the help of nerve connections, controls the entire body. We can talk about its structure for a very long time, but today we have another task - to find out how it is possible to train the vestibular apparatus.
The deaf-mute organ of orientation in space works somewhat differently. The inclination of the head is registered by receptors located in the muscles of the neck.
Why do we need an equilibrium organ?
For an ordinary person, it is needed primarily to prevent domestic trauma. For example, if you slip on the ice, a person with poor coordination will fall, and one with a vestibular apparatus well developed will stand. If you do not like extreme rides due to the fact that they are bad for your well-being, training the body of balance will help you. And it will also be a rescue for those who often face vertigo.
For athletes, equilibrium is of particular importance. Starting with rope-walkers and ending with yogis - all need a developed vestibular apparatus.
How to train an organ of balance?
The training of balance can be different, depending on how much you have developed it. One person is enough to swing on a swing, and the other must start with the most sparing exercises. We will consider all options with you.
Consider the exercises that train the vestibular apparatus at the initial stage:
- Head inclinations. The starting position - the stance is straight, hands are located along the trunk. Tilt your head 10-15 times forwards and backwards, then do the same repetitions right-to-left. After that, make the head rotation with the maximum amplitude in both directions. This is the simplest exercise you will need for those who are recovering from injuries.
- If the first exercise does not cause unpleasant sensations, you can proceed to the second. The starting position is the same. With an exhalation it is necessary to tilt the body in one direction, and then to the other, reaching for the floor. Repeat the motion 10 times on each side.
- The next stage will be the twists of the trunk. Place your feet on the width of your shoulders, and your arms on your waist. Turn with the maximum amplitude one way, and then the other. Perform the exercise need 10-15 times on each side.
As you can see, the exercises are not at all complicated, and many do them during the morning exercises or warm-up before training. Nevertheless, in people with a disturbed vestibular apparatus, even these actions can cause deterioration of well-being.
Exercises with improvised means
A good balance training is the transfer (or at least the retention) of any objects on the head. For these purposes, the book is great. Put it on your head and try to hold it. If it turns out, it's time to start moving. You can start with a direct walk. After mastering it, you can add turns and obstacles or use less stable objects than the book.
To train the vestibular apparatus, we will also be helped by a mop or some other object of similar shape. Take the mop, put it on the floor and make a few circles (up to ten) around it. Then try to walk in a straight line and start spinning the other way. In the end, try to go straight again. At first, in many this simple exercise causes frank difficulties. But over time it will be given all easier and easier. The same principle can be applied in a more prosaic manner - rotating on the chair. Thus, even sitting in the office, you can effectively develop the vestibular apparatus.
How to train the balance in the open air?
To develop the body of balance, you can simply walk along the street. Children like to walk on the curbs. And this, by the way, is an excellent exercise for the vestibular apparatus. Do not deny yourself the pleasure of remembering your childhood and developing an organ of balance.
Another child's play that develops the vestibular apparatus is riding on a swing. Incidentally, those who in childhood was an active child, loved entertainment and sports, usually suffer from imbalances only due to injuries. An alternative to a swing can be a hammock or rocking chair. The next level is the carousel. Well, after the carousel you can ride and ride on attractions.
Sport and balance
Constant exercise improves the functionality of the vestibular apparatus. Trains coordination of almost any kind of professional and amateur sports. Cycling, skiing, skateboarding, skating, snowboarding - all this and more will help you become more stable and coordinated. Working out before the training, in addition to the standard exercises described above, it will be useful to make the jumps with a turn of 180 degrees. To strengthen the effect, during the jump you can turn the head in the direction opposite to the direction of rotation of the body.
Today we have learned what the vestibular apparatus is made of, how to train it, and why all this is necessary. In training the body of balance in need mainly athletes who want to achieve maximum results, or people who restore health after illness. Nevertheless, prevention does not hurt anyone. After all, the developed vestibular apparatus increases our capabilities, endurance and resistance to various stimuli. Thus, life becomes more comfortable, and a person is more confident in himself. Move more, and you will have a healthy vestibular apparatus! How to train a body of balance at home, you now also know.