Broilers (in comparison with ordinary chickens) are very gentle creatures and are very susceptible to changes in their conditions of detention. Even minor, at first glance, deviations from their usual way of life can lead to the occurrence of diseases. In this regard, you need to know how to properly grow and feed broilers. Consider some of the nuances below.
Broilers: care and feeding
The success of the home farm depends on various factors. It is necessary to create a favorable atmosphere in which broiler chickens will be and grow. Care and feeding of birds should be carried out according to a specific scheme. Together with food, they should receive vitamins and trace elements. The most suitable are considered mixtures of factory preparation. However, if it is not possible to purchase them, it is possible to organize broiler feeding at home based on local produce. At the same time, it is important to take into account differences in the adaptability of rocks to certain products. So, for example, feeding broilers meat-egg and meat directions should be based on bulky, mostly protein mixtures. When keeping birds in their homestead, it is better to give them mill, grain, fish waste, scrap meat, fresh greens, and root vegetables.
Broilers: growing at home
Feeding is key to the proper development of the young from the first days of life. The earlier the birds start to receive food, the better their growth will be. Feeding broilers at home is carried out in two ways:
- Dry mix in combination with protein and mineral. The composition of the first includes milled grain (oats, wheat, barley, corn). Protein mixes contain meat and bone meal and fish meal. Mineral compounds include table salt, shell, chalk.
- Flour dry mix in combination with wet mash.
Most poultry enthusiasts use the second option.
Many novice owners are interested in: how much food should broilers get? Growing at home - feeding and creating favorable conditions for birds - has its own specifics. You should know that young animals should receive as much food as they can eat. Regardless of the way in which broilers are fed, they should always have food. Wet mash should be given 3-4 p / day. During the first 2-3 days in the diet of chickens include finely chopped wheat, corn or barley (without films). It is also advisable to add wheat bran well rubbed with hard-boiled peeled eggs or cottage cheese. On 50 heads on 2 eggs. The more diverse the food mixture, the better the development of the young. Thus, in the first few weeks, there is no specific feed rate for broilers.
On how the broiler chickens will be raised and fed, their meat weight will depend. During the first week it is important that the youngsters receive food no less than every two hours. If a dry mix is used, it can be given after 3-4 hours. To reduce the nightly gap, morning broiler feeding should be carried out as early as possible. In this evening, they should get food as late as possible. From the fifth day, fish oil should be given to young fish once a day, including it in the flour mixture per 0.1-0.2 g / head / day. The transition from one feed to another must be done gradually. An abrupt change of products is extremely detrimental to growth and development. At the same time it is necessary to comply with the technology of preparation of mixtures and the mode of the day. For example, cereals are introduced into the diet without films in finely divided form. Starting from the 20th-25th day, some of these products can be replaced with boiled potatoes, which the birds eat in mash.
How to prevent diseases?
Many hold the opinion that it is impossible to grow large birds using only natural mixtures and vitamin supplements. Therefore, active growth and high weight are often provided by hormonal drugs, and treatment is carried out using antibiotics. However, in fact, it is possible to do with natural mixtures, which are also rich in vitamin supplements and trace elements. You can use, of course, and expensive feed. It is manufactured in the factory with all the necessary sanitary standards. However, as noted by the poultry farmers themselves, such a waste of money is usually unjustified. It is more economical to use ordinary grain, adding mineral and vitamin preparations to it. Such broiler feeding at home will be as effective as the use of expensive mixtures. In any case, the main condition will be a balanced diet.
Types of mixtures
There are two types of feed:
- Starting. It is used as the primary for feeding chickens. It includes a large amount of protein components. They participate in the development of young animals, provide their active growth and weight. Feeding broilers with this mixture is carried out until they reach 1-1.5 months.
- Finishing. This feed can be given to birds from the sixth week. In the final mixture, the protein content is much lower than in the starting mixture. It is included in the diet before slaughter.
Feeding broilers at a young age is not difficult. The most important thing, as mentioned above, is the constant availability of food. During the first days of life, birds require large quantities of chopped carbohydrate and protein foods. Such food should be more than 50% of the diet. Once the chicks have reached the age of 20 days, dairy products can be added. They are the most important source of calcium. In addition, vegetable protein is added to the diet. In large quantities, it is present in the cake of sunflower and peanuts.
Diet from 30 days of age
Feeding broilers per month will be slightly different from the previous one. However, in any case, the food should be exclusively natural. The bird's stomach is still not strong enough, therefore it is preferable to include fresh greens and germinated crops in the diet. During the cold weather it is important to give herbal flour. In addition, from one month of age it is recommended to add dry vitamin mixtures to food. The growth of poultry is quite active, so during this period it is necessary to ensure a constant supply of trace elements. In the summer, to solve this problem is quite simple. But in the winter time feeding broilers can be difficult. During the cold period, dried herbs, mixtures with a complex of minerals and natural trace elements from shells and shells should be added to the diet. For better absorption of mineral supplements, birds are given vitamin D. The daily rate will depend on the stage of development of the chicken and the number of heads. For young stock, an average of 1 kg is consumed per day. For an adult chicken, the amount of feed increases to 5-6 kg / day.
Arrangement of the chicken coop
Adult broilers are much larger than ordinary breeds, so their cultivation should take place in a specially prepared room. It should be warm. Normal development of chickens occurs at a temperature of about 30 degrees. To maintain this level, it is necessary to equip the premises with an artificial heating system. Equally important is the lighting. It should be around the clock. Broiler chickens need attention and special care. To make it easier to look after the young, it is advisable to install partitions in the room. This will greatly facilitate control and will not allow chickens to scatter in different directions. In the first week of life, temperature and nutrition will have special significance in development and growth, as well as in disease prevention.
Broilers are happy to eat pasture. In addition, it is environmentally friendly, it contributes to the saturation of the body of birds with a large number of essential nutrients. In this regard, the feeding of broilers in the summer period is greatly simplified. Birds need to be given freedom, let them out on the grass. It is advisable to include in the diet fruit and vegetable waste. In addition, it is imperative to give calcium to chickens. Chalk is one of its sources. It is often used as a filler for the aviary. The shell of eggs is also rich in calcium. Often when feeding supplements are used with sand. The fact is that chickens do not have chewing muscles and teeth, so the food comes in whole pieces. It is only slightly crushed directly in the stomach due to its cuts. If sand is present at this time, it will contribute to more active grinding of the incoming products. Which, in turn, will facilitate subsequent digestion. However, for the young it is better to replace the sand with small gravel. It should not be added directly to food. The birds themselves will find it in a separate container.
It is one of the key conditions for the correct brood content. Directly the room itself, trays and drinkers should be clean. This is necessary to prevent various chicken diseases that occur in dirty conditions. Cleaning the hen house should be done regularly.
Storage of mixtures
Food for broilers is made from high-quality grains with the addition of a mineral and vitamin complex. But with improper storage, you can cause significant damage to the health of the birds. Often, mixtures for chickens like to feast on rodents and other wild animals. In addition to the fact that they can destroy a large amount of food, they can carry parasites and viruses into it. This will undoubtedly have a negative impact on the health of the livestock. To avoid such problems, feed mixtures should be stored in a tight, sealed container. In addition, it is necessary to monitor the level of humidity in the room where the mixtures are located. The appearance of dampness and mold will also negatively affect the quality of food and, accordingly, the health of birds. Particular attention should also be paid to the shelf life of the mixtures. Feed must always be fresh. When buying, you should take into account its consumption by the number of heads and diet.