Physiological birth is a process that is not subject to prediction at all. Often the result of unsuccessful labor is various disorders in the body of the newborn. No child is immune from complications during childbirth.Even with a sufficiently high level of modern medicine, this is the case. The most numerous type of trauma in childbirth is damage to the cervical vertebra. It entails the pain and discomfort of the baby. In this case, urgent measures should be taken to eliminate complications and disabilities. In the event of such damage, the doctor will prescribe wearing a lock bar. It is called the "Shantz collar for newborns." Reviews of moms of small patients are mostly positive, because the purpose of this collar is to correct the resulting or inherited defect.
What is the collar of Shantz
Shantz's collar for newborns is a kind of fixation device that relieves the load from the cervical vertebrae of a newborn. Due to this support, the basic functions of the spine are restored more quickly.Parents of small patients who are assigned such a fixator are worried about a different matter. How to make the right choice of a child's orthopedic collar? How to wear it? Does he inconvenience the baby? How to choose the right size? So, about everything in order.
The collar of Shantz is a circle made of foam rubber material, with Velcro on its ends, helping to regulate the diameter of the collar. This lock has another name - the bus. It performs an important therapeutic function: leads to the normal position of the vertebrae of the cervical spine. This is necessary, because only in the right condition, sufficient blood circulation is created, this allows the infant to feel comfortable and, accordingly, contributes to its healthy development.
Indications for wearing
The decision to prescribe wearing such an orthopedic device is taken only by the doctor, if there are certain indications. It normalizes the muscles. However, as a drawback, there can be an addiction that will lead to muscle atrophy. In the normal state, the baby should hold the head by the time he is 2 months old. But if the collar is not properly worn, the muscles can not cope with the function assigned to them.
Indications for the wearing of the collar of Shantz for newborns are injuries during childbirth, which are associated with damage to the cervical spine. This pathology leads to a violation of blood circulation, which causes different motor disorders, a syndrome of central nervous system depression, hyperexcitability. In more severe cases, deformation of the face occurs, and everything can end with disability.
Diagnosing the injury and using the collar provide relief from unhealthy consequences. Orthopedic collar of Shantz for newborns provides restriction of movements of the cervical vertebral department. Thus, conditions are created for restoring the functions of the cervical vertebrae and normalizing the cerebral circulation.
Shanz's collar for newborns: dimensions
The orthopedic device for a newborn is necessarily selected for a certain size, because a short one will cause an uncomfortable state when turning on its side, and too long will not be able to fulfill the therapeutic purpose in the required volume. Kids are born on this light with different anthropometric data, therefore, they have different neck lengths. The pediatric orthopedist consultant will carry out a qualified measurement of the length of the baby neck and select the appropriate tire size. The height of the children's collar of Shantz varies within 3-5 cm.
The rules of putting the collar of Shantz on a newborn
When wearing a bandage on the cervix of a newborn, the maximum care must be taken. It must be taken into account that the most prominent place of orthopedic adaptation should be under the chin itself. Visually it seems that the collar lifts the chin and slightly extends the neck. The next step is to wrap the Shantz collar for the newborns (see the photo below) around the neck and fix it on the back surface with velcro tape.It should also be remembered that between the neck surface and the collar should accommodate the index finger. To verify the correctness of the tire overlap, it is recommended to orientate on the toothed edge of the Velcro, which should be at the bottom, and the even edge, respectively, at the top. In another case, the Velcro will damage the delicate skin of the baby.
NB: You need to know clearly how to properly put a shawl collar on a newborn, otherwise this device will not provide the necessary therapeutic conditions.
Terms of wearing
Often, the Shantz collar for newborns is used in the first day of life, and the timing of its use is determined by the doctor purely individually. Basically, this period lasts 30 days, but sometimes the doctor ascribes a longer use of it. Children with the presence of torticollis or subluxation of the vertebrae are assigned a constant wearing of the collar, its removal is only permissible for the time of bathing or washing (in this case it is even recommended to have a second collar for replacement). In other cases, it is necessary to don the device to the newborn immediately after a massage or therapeutic-corrective physical training session.
There is a misconception that a baby, who is assigned a constant wearing of a device, often creates a delay in the ability to hold his head. Correctly matched collar Shantsa for newborns does not harm the baby. Some lag may be due to the delay in the development of the central nervous system baby, but not wearing a corrective device.
Rules of care for the collar
Applying the collar of Shantz for newborns, you must constantly monitor its purity. The tire is washed by hand in cold water. After washing and rinsing, the device is dried in a straightened version. Do not wash in automatic machines, conduct drying automatically and close to heat sources so that the tire does not lose shape. The skin under the collar should be dry and clean.
The article presented information for mothers on how to use the collar of Shantz for newborns. Reviews of the carried wearing of the corrective device indicate that its effectiveness is high enough and helps to cope with the consequences of birth injuries.