The preservation of male health is of paramount importance for every member of the stronger sex. Normal functioning of reproductive organs is the key to success and self-confidence. In order to maintain health as long as possible, you need to think about it from a young age. Currently, there are various preventive examinations that allow to identify pathological conditions in the early stages and prevent serious consequences. These include tests for oncomarkers in men, ultrasound of the prostate, bladder, etc. Everyone can go through the examination, regardless of age and health problems.
Prostate: structure and function
The prostate gland (prostate) is one of the main organs of the genitourinary system. She is in a small pelvis in men. The prostate gland occupies the middle position between the bladder and the urethra. In addition, it includes the vas deferens. Externally, the prostate resembles a chestnut fruit. The organ contains muscular and glandular tissues, each of which is responsible for various functions. The first - serves as a sphincter for the urethra, providing a normal urination. The glandular tissue is necessary for secretion of hormones and juice of the prostate. Due to its barrier function, this organ prevents seed fluid from entering the lumen of the bladder. Thus part of the prostate is, as it were, his sphincter. In fact, the prostate gland regulates the processes of urination and erection, and also separates them among themselves. In addition, the prostate secretes hormones involved in the blood supply of the small pelvis, and secretes the substances necessary for normal sperm composition.
In what cases is the ultrasound of the prostate
There are various ways to visualize the organs of the genitourinary system. In order to check the prostate gland, perform ultrasound of the prostate, finger examination of the rectum, use X-ray methods. All this can be done in an outpatient setting without a doctor's special appointment. But in some cases, these examinations are necessary for the treating doctor. This happens when the patient comes to the reception with complaints of a violation of the function of the genitourinary system. These problems are most often experienced by men who are elderly and senile, but recently, urological pathologies are "younger". Indications for ultrasound of the prostate are the following conditions:
- Soreness when urinating.
- Erection or lack of erection.
- Frequent urination in small portions (usually at night).
- An enlargement of the prostate gland found during a rectal examination.
- Detection of oncomarkers in screening in men.
Prostate ultrasound procedure: preparation for it
It is worth remembering that ultrasound examination of any organ requires preliminary preparation. Not an exception and the prostate gland. There are several accesses for prostate ultrasound in men. The most common of these is transrectal ultrasound. To perform the procedure through the rectum, it must be emptied. This is done with a cleansing enema. Emptying the gut is best done 1.5-2 hours before the test. In addition, for the ultrasound of the prostate is used transabdominal access, that is, through the surface of the anterior abdominal wall. In this case, for a normal visualization of the prostate gland it is necessary to fill the bladder. To this end, you need to drink 1 liter of water for an hour and a half before the study. Another way to visualize the prostate gland is transurethral ultrasound of the prostate. Preparation for it is carried out in a hospital. All these methods allow to evaluate the structure, shape and size of the prostate gland.
How is prostate ultrasound done?
The procedure for ultrasound examination of the prostate gland depends on the choice of access. More often than not, experts advise patients on transrectal imaging. When choosing this method, the patient should be in a position on his side, with his knees brought to him. Access through the rectum allows not only to obtain the maximum amount of information about the prostate gland, but also to perform a biopsy of the organ. This is necessary for suspected prostate cancer. If the patient refuses the transrectal examination, it can be replaced by access through the anterior abdominal wall. This method allows you to detect stones in the prostate gland, its increase and fibrosis. This is one of the most common methods of ultrasound of the prostate. How is transabdominal ultrasound done? For this, the patient needs to lie on his back. The doctor applies the gel to the lower abdomen and receives information by moving the sensor along the surface of the abdominal wall.
What can detect ultrasound of the prostate
Due to ultrasound examination, you can get a lot of necessary data on the status of the prostate. Ultrasound of the prostate gland allows estimating the size, shape, structure and density of the organ. All this information is very valuable for diagnosis of diseases of the genitourinary system. The enlargement of the prostate indicates its hyperplasia - proliferation of glandular tissue, or fibrosis. This is the most common pathology in men over 40 years of age. In addition, the ultrasound of the prostate shows changes that can occur in the very structure of the tissue. In this case, an organ biopsy is appointed to diagnose the tumor process. Ultrasonography helps to detect stones in the prostate gland. This is the cause of difficulty and frequent urination in men.
Prophylaxis of diseases of the prostate
In order to timely diagnose the pathology of the genitourinary system and avoid their complications, it is necessary to undergo a regular examination of the prostate gland. This is especially true for middle-aged and elderly men. Diseases such as prostatitis and prostate adenoma lead to impairment of urine outflow, erectile dysfunction and infertility, so it is very important to prevent their appearance. In addition to diagnostic procedures, it is important to have a normal sexual life (sexual contacts should be regular, but not too frequent or rare), avoid infections and lead a healthy lifestyle.