Maintaining men's health is of paramount importance for every member of the stronger sex. The normal functioning of the genital organs is the key to success and confidence. In order to maintain health as long as possible, you need to think about it from a young age. Currently, there are various preventive examinations to identify pathological conditions in the early stages and prevent serious consequences. These include tests for tumor markers in men, ultrasound of the prostate, bladder, etc. Everyone who has the right to have the test, regardless of age and health problems.
Prostate: structure and function
The prostate gland (prostate) is one of the main organs of the urogenital system. It is located in the pelvis in men. The prostate gland has a middle position between the bladder and the urethra. In addition, it includes the vas deferens. Externally, the prostate resembles the fruit of chestnut. The body contains muscle and glandular tissues, each of which is responsible for different functions. The first - acts as a sphincter for the urethra, ensuring normal urination. Glandular tissue is necessary for the secretion of hormones and prostate juice. Due to its barrier function, this organ prevents seminal fluid from entering the bladder lumen. Thus, part of the prostate is his sphincter. In fact, the prostate gland regulates urination and erection, as well as separates them between themselves. In addition, the prostate secretes hormones involved in the blood supply to the pelvis, and secretes substances necessary for the normal composition of sperm.
In which cases, prostate ultrasound is prescribed
There are various ways to visualize the organs of the urogenital system. In order to check the prostate gland, perform a prostate ultrasound, a digital rectal examination, using x-ray methods. All this can be done on an outpatient basis without the special prescription of a doctor. But in some cases, these examinations are necessary for the treating doctor. This happens when the patient comes to the reception with complaints of dysfunction of the urogenital system. These problems are most often experienced by men who are in old and old age, but recently urological pathologies are “getting younger”. Indications for prostate ultrasound are the following states:
- Painful urination.
- Weakening or lack of erection.
- Frequent urination in small portions (usually at night).
- An enlarged prostate gland found during rectal examination.
- Detection of tumor markers during screening in men.
Prostate ultrasound procedure: preparation for it
It is worth remembering that ultrasound examination of any organ requires preliminary preparation. No exception and the prostate gland. There are several approaches for prostate ultrasound in men. The most common of these is transrectal ultrasound. For the procedure through the rectum it is necessary to empty it. This is done with a cleansing enema. It is best to empty the intestine 1.5-2 hours before the test. In addition, transabdominal access is used for prostate ultrasound, that is, through the surface of the anterior abdominal wall. In this case, for normal visualization of the prostate gland, it is necessary to fill the bladder. To this end, you need to drink 1 liter of water for half an hour before the study. Another way to visualize the prostate gland is transurethral ultrasound of the prostate. Preparation for it is carried out in a hospital. All these methods allow us to estimate the structure, shape and size of the prostate gland.
Ultrasound prostate how to do?
The procedure of ultrasound examination of the prostate gland depends on the choice of access. Most often, experts advise patients transrectal imaging method. When choosing this method, the patient should be in position on his side, with his knees brought to him. Access through the rectum allows not only to obtain the maximum amount of information about the prostate gland, but also to perform an organ biopsy. This is necessary if prostate cancer is suspected. In case of patient’s refusal of transrectal examination, it can be replaced by access through the anterior abdominal wall. This method allows you to detect stones in the prostate gland, its increase and fibrosis. This is another common method of ultrasound of the prostate. How is transabdominal ultrasound done? To do this, the patient must lie on his back. The doctor applies the gel to the lower abdomen and obtains information by moving the sensor along the abdominal wall surface.
What can be detected by prostate ultrasound
Thanks to ultrasound, you can get a lot of the necessary data on the state of the prostate. Ultrasound of the prostate gland allows you to assess the size, shape, structure and density of the organ. All this information is very valuable for the diagnosis of diseases of the genitourinary system. Enlargement of the prostate indicates its hyperplasia - the proliferation of glandular tissue, or fibrosis. This is the most common pathology in men older than 40 years. In addition, a prostate ultrasound scan shows changes that can occur in the structure of the tissue itself. In this case, an organ biopsy is prescribed to diagnose the tumor process. An ultrasound helps to detect stones in the lumen of the prostate gland. This is the cause of difficult and frequent urination in men.
Prevention of prostate diseases
In order to timely diagnose the pathology of the urogenital system and avoid their complications, it is necessary to undergo regular examinations of the prostate gland. This is especially true for men of middle and old age. Diseases such as prostatitis and prostate adenoma lead to disruption of urine outflow, erectile dysfunction and infertility, so it is very important to prevent their occurrence. In addition to diagnostic procedures, it is important to have a normal sex life (sexual intercourse should be regular, but not too frequent or rare), avoid infections and lead a healthy lifestyle.