For a Muslim, prayer is one of the inalienable companions of every day and all life. Namaz is held five times daily, at the same time. This is the most important condition for its fulfillment. That is, namaz subjugates the entire human regime. A Muslim plans his day on the basis of a mandatory prayer schedule.
The time of the morning prayer
Depending on the geographical location, the time for performing the prayer can be different. Since the time of the Prophet Mohammad (sv) the time of prayer was determined by the sun. Today you can find out how much the morning namaz, with the help of improved formulas.
Time Fajr-Namaz expires with the rising of the sun. Many read the morning prayer at any time until midday prayer. This is a great error, which is blamed by Islam and makes the morning prayer an invalid, although it is known reliably only to Allah the Great.
To find out in what time the morning prayer, today it is possible in different ways, including having connected to your phone a servant of SMS-notifications about the time of its onset.
It is impossible to name the exact timetable, since it will vary in different regions and cities. For example, the morning prayer in Moscow on November 1 starts at 6 hours 28 minutes and ends at 7:35. This schedule will change over time. The time of morning prayer in Makhachkala on the same day is different. It starts at 04.45 and ends at 06.24.
What time is the morning prayer in Makhachkala, or in Moscow, or in any other city, you can learn via the Internet. On special sites in a convenient table form the schedule of prayers by months is presented. It is necessary to perform the morning prayer in Moscow later than, for example, in Ufa, and earlier than in Orenburg. The same goes for the rest of the prayers.
By the way, morning namaz in Makhachkala can be performed collectively in the Cathedral mosque of the city. Every morning, calls on the muezzin of the faithful to fulfill their duty. The time of morning prayer in Makhachkala is indicated in the local Muslim newspaper "Islamic civilization". This is for those who do not have the opportunity to use the Internet. So today there are no obstacles to getting information on how much the morning prayer in Makhachkala, or when to begin the midday prayer.
In the Quran it is said that the fulfillment of the two rakaats of the morning prayer is better for the believer than the whole world. Namazah has a huge role in Muslim society. It is believed that when a prayer is performed, the soul of a person is cleansed of sins and bad thoughts. Committing to obligatory worship is the direct path to Paradise.
But, unfortunately, at present the mosques are empty. At the best, the people gather here on major Muslim holidays. And all the faithful must come to the house of Allah every day and perform collective namaz, for which a great reward is promised in eternal life.
Very accurately noted that the entrance to the night entertainment is paid, but there are crowds of people. And the entrance to mosques and temples is free, but they are empty. This speaks of the increasing debauchery and spiritual impoverishment of people who live one day and think only of carnal pleasures. And to think about the eternal. And help in this can prayer and faith in Allah, which has prepared for Muslims an eternal paradise.
It is in the moments of prayer that the heart of man is open to all the good. To oversleep the time of morning prayer - it is useless to live this span of your life. No matter how sweet the dream, one must learn to interrupt it at the first call out of love for the Creator of all things, because of the fear of death.
In the mornings, waking from the sounds of the sweet azan, the faithful Muslims hasten to the mosque, having first performed the ablution and the intention to perform the prayer. After the morning prayer, a person is protected by the Almighty, and no one can harm him. All the more, the prayer, performed together with the brethren by faith, will be the light (for the Muslim) on the Day of Judgment. A man walking in the dark will be illuminated by a zero coming from him.
The Benefits of Salat
We have heard a lot of hadith about the use of prayer for a believer. Very often Namaz is mentioned in the Holy for the Faithful Book - the Koran. The correct, sincere fulfillment of the morning prayer is like the believer praying all night long. The gates of Paradise will be opened for those who perform the morning prayer.
In addition, some hadiths contain information that the face of the Most High will be revealed to the one who performs the morning prayer. They will see in the Judgment Day of Allah, as we see the sun and the moon.
Defends the Fajr-Namaz (morning) of man from the fire of hell. While some will roast in a terrible fire, others (committing namaz) will enjoy the paradise gardens. If we leave the morning prayer, then we commit sin-hypocrisy.
Fajr in Arabic means "dawn". It is from the time when the dawn is engaged in the dawn that the time of morning namaz comes and lasts until the sun rises. After the first ray of the daylight appeared in the east, fajr-namaz is strictly forbidden to read.
Conditions for Salat
To perform a prayer, a person must satisfy the following conditions:
- To be a believer in the one God - Allah and his prophet Mohammad (sv.v.).
- Be an adult.
- To be in the right mind.
- Do not be blind-deaf from birth.
The place for prayer should be chosen so that the worshiper could turn towards Kibla. Also the place should be clean. If namaz is performed not at home or in a mosque, you need to buy a prayer rug.
Properly performing the prayer implies a preliminary bath - "gusul" or "voodoo", that is, full or partial. Full ablution is required after sexual intercourse, ejaculation in men and menstrual cycle in women. In all other cases, it is sufficient to perform a partial ablution. It happens like this:
- Preliminarily need to wash the genitals.
- First you need to say out loud or in your heart the intention: "I intend to perform a small bath in sincerity for the sake of Allah."
- Next, you need to wash your hands three times to your wrists, rinse three times with your mouth and nose, picking up water with your right hand.
- Now you need to wash your face and hands three times before your forearms: your right arm, then your left one.
- After this, wipe with wet hands hair and ears inside and out.
- And the last: three times to wash alternately feet feet.
The procedure of ablution should be given careful attention. It must be done so that the face is directed towards the Qibla (Kaaba in Mecca). Water should be spent sparingly, but at the same time all the areas of the body should be washed with water.
Rules for the performance of morning namaz
Now you can proceed directly to the performance of the morning prayer.
In standing position, hands are raised to the level of a man's ears and to the level of a woman's chest, they say "Allahu Akbar". After this, the hands are moved to the position on the abdomen above the navel of the man and on the chest - the women. The right hand should lie on top of the left. Now the sura "Al-Fatiha" is pronounced, after it there is another one to choose from.
Next action: waist-bow. With the words "Allahu Akbar" and the transfer of hands to his knees, the worshiper bends in the belt-bow and pronounces the phrase "Subhana rabbil-azim" three times.
Now begins the earthly bow - sujud - with the utterance of "Allahu Akbar" and landing in a pose on his knees in such a way that the men's feet are directly under them, and the women's legs are bent at the knees and shifted to the side. Bowing in the earthly bow, you must touch the forehead with the floor, hands at the same time lie on the sides of the palms to the floor. In this position, you must say "Subhana rabbil-a`la" (three times).
Then the prayer straightens, says "Rabbi Gphir, Rabbi Gfir li" and again inclines in Sujud. The first rakahat of morning prayer ends.
The second rakaat begins. All actions are illogical to the first rak'aat, but after the second earthly bow, one must read "at-tahiyyat" and "salavat" in the sitting position. Next, you need to turn your head first to the right, then to the left, while saying each time: "Assalamu alaikum ua rakhmatu-lah."
Interruption of prayer
To read the morning prayer, and all the rest, you need only in a state of complete conversion to the Supreme. No earthly deeds and thoughts should not occupy the mind of a Muslim during reading.
If the morning of a person began with the performance of the morning prayer, then the day promises to be lived for good reason, since until the next morning Allah will save this devout from all ills.
It can not be postponed, even if there is a chase behind you. This was known and fulfilled by Muslims of the times of Mohammad, when many men lived in campaigns and battles. And even then the warriors left all the affairs and proceeded to prayer.
The story of the two companions
There is one story about the two companions of the prophet (peace and blessing of God), one of whom rose to the morning prayer, and another - no. While the first was reading namaz, the enemy saw him - an idolater - and fired a bow. The Prayer took an arrow from his body and continued reading, and the enemy fired again. And again the Muslim took out an arrow and continued the prayer. When this happened the third time, a second companion woke up. Seeing his blood-bleeding friend, he exclaimed: "Why did not you wake me?" To this, the praying namaz replied that he could not interrupt the prayer.
How strong should be the faith to withstand physical pains and yet not interrupt prayer, fulfilling the Creator's order? People who lived in these beautiful times of the birth and strengthening of Islam were ready for any sacrifice for the sake of faith.