Perception is a basic category of psychology. People in the process of cognition does not deal with individual elements of the phenomena and their characteristics, and comprehensive presentation of the subject matter. Properties and parts of an object, their size, taste and smell allow you to recreate a single picture. The process of merging similar puzzles called in psychological science perception.
What is the process of perception?
Before you reveal the topic “Basic properties of perception”, you should pay special attention to the physiological mechanisms of this process. Perception is a complex process of reflection of events and objects in a person's subconscious, which flows in a direct impact on the senses.
The mechanism of display objects in the human mind is quite complex, as it has a direct relationship to other processes of thinking, speech, attention and memory. Personality quite objectively evaluates a visible item, you may use a specific definition for its designation. It can be concluded that perception is a conscious act, occurring in human consciousness.
The process of perception has an emotional coloring, tremendously motivated. Because of this it may be a violation of perception, cognitive dissonance. To correct these contradictions can only resort to professional psychological help. Otherwise, such deviations can lead to the development of serious diseases.
Differences of perception and sensations
Inexperienced researchers often confuse the properties of sensation and perception, reducing them to a single process. It is a grave mistake because these two definitions have important differences.
Any object affecting the senses of man, causes a certain effect, which is purely subjective, as there is inside. The reaction from the subject, which is a similar effect, should not be. Unlike sensations in the human perception of the subject is the process of objectification, in other words, the object is reflected in the space.
Another important difference between sensations and perceptions is the final shapes, which are formed after the process is complete. When the feeling of the subject person experiences a certain feeling, sweet, loud sound, etc. During perception of the object in the mind POPs up an image that has a unique design. In other words, there are certain properties of perception.
These facts suggests that the perception and feeling — these are two completely different processes, despite their interaction in the process of human socialization.
Basic properties of perception
Speaking of perception, you must know that in its structure, scientists allocate two interconnected elements: types and properties. The main emphasis is on properties of perception in psychology, as this definition allows to understand the essence of the process.
So, the main properties of perception are:
- the historicity
- the constness.
The world consists of many objects, however, people perceive only some. To understand the selectivity of the subconscious personality will help detailed study of each property of perception in psychology.
The historicity of perception
In the scientific literature on the psychology of perception is referred to as perceptual action, the formation of which requires a certain amount of time. Speaking on this property, it should be noted that the perceptual effect is not static, on the contrary, the image is formed over time on the basis of the human activity and experience. Adequate alignment of views on the subject are only possible with sequential study of the subject, which means that the historicity is a key property of perception.
The activity of perception
Perception of objects is impossible without effector components. Each person perceives the world in accordance with their own worldview, abilities, needs and needs. In other words, the perception depends on the past identity, his present. This dependence of life experience and cognitive activities have received the scientific name of apperception, which is the basis of the most important properties of perception in psychology activity.
Objectivity of perception
Every person, perceiving information through senses, relates information from a particular subject. This property allows you to structure the information, to study it as a full image, not as a diverse set of characteristics or feelings. Thus, objectivity is a fundamental principle for the normal human perception of the world.
The importance of this property of perception in psychology is that thanks to the integrity of the person has the ability to perceive the stimuli as a set of certain characteristics or features, and not as isolated passages and elements of a single picture. Forming a complete image occurs during mental activity, when the subconscious is completed, the design of the individual elements.
The meaningfulness of perception
Man unlike the animals has a mind, so the perception of personality is not just a biological process. The knowledge of the subject intelligently, in other words, the person is fully aware of the function of an object, its purpose. Thanks to the understanding of information can achieve the maximum objective perceptual actions during learning. The image of the object is objective, does not violate the mental health of a person.
The trolleys of perception
The trolleys are closely interrelated with other properties of perception. Due to this, one realizes not only the complete image of the object, but also its permanence. The object has constant shape, size, color and weight. An example of constancy is the perception of the car. People perceive the car as a subject the same way, although it is moving or not.
Perception is one of the main categories of modern psychology. A comprehensive study of this process allows to understand the essence of the human subconscious, and avoid many mental illnesses.