The human nail is a complex structure that performs protective and aesthetic functions. Nail plates as a mirror reflect the problems that arise with health. It is impossible to imagine an elegant woman with unkempt nails. Therefore, to monitor the condition of hair and nails is not a luxury, but a necessity.
Features of the structure of the nail plate
Details of the structure of the nail is desirable to know each person in order to properly care for him. The nail is a stratum corneum, which serves as a logical end to the finger and does not have nerve endings. Structurally, the nails are like claws, hooves of animals, the upper skin layer and the hairline. The structure of the human nail is divided into the following components:
People dreaming of healthy and strong nails, you must understand that the laying of the structure of the nail is genetically predetermined. The length of the matrix is directly proportional to the thickness of the nail the longer the root, the denser and healthier the nail plate.
The structure of the nail and nail plate in addition to the basic structural parts contains auxiliary:
- nail rollers;
- free nail part.
Rollers are on the sides of the nail, protect it from the flanks and smoothly pass into the cuticle. With insufficient care for these skin folds, burrs may appear on them, which is fraught with inflammation.
The nasal sinuses or sinuses are reliably protected by rollers at the junction with the nail plate. Care for sinuses is very important, because their health is associated with the condition of the nail in general.
The free part is the overgrown portion of the nail that rises above the tip of the finger.
The visible side of the nail
Interestingly, the structure of the hair and nails are similar. The nail has a plate structure and is composed mostly of keratin – specific protein, which is also included in the composition to the hair fibers. The density of the nail depends on the presence of sulphur inclusions. The content of sulfur in the body is laid in utero, handed down by inheritance: the more molecules of sulfur, the stronger the nail plate. In addition, the nail contains a small layer of fat, giving a healthy glow, as well as zinc, chromium, molecules of calcium and selenium, allowing the body of the nail look healthy and fresh.
Due to the superposition of the horny plates, the peculiarity of the nail structure is a porous character. Because of this, they perfectly conduct moisture in both directions, and do it 100 times stronger than the skin. This explains the effective use of medical baths, gels, creams and varnishes applied to the nails. In addition, in people who are constantly in contact with liquids, the nail plates thicken considerably, becoming much thicker.
The bed of the nail plate
The structure of the nail, the scheme of which is presented above, originates in the nail bed. This place is the continuation of the root. It is filled with a network of blood vessels that allow the nail plate to look natural. It is here that the cells created by the matrix die off, and the process of keratinization is completed. In hypohinia, as otherwise called the nail bed, the direction of nail growth is also set. Among other things, it is very sensitive to mechanical influences.
Cuticle: on guard for safety
The structure of the nail and the nail plate is impossible without cuticle. It's overgrown side cushion, which protects the components of the nail from malicious intrusion. The cuticle is two-thirds composed of dead cellular material, but if the time it is not removed, it is possible multiple cracking. This process provokes an infection, which affects the living cells of the cuticle and causes inflammation.
Lunula, or white island
This is part of the root, well visible especially on the big toe. Lunula is located in the lower area of the nail plate. It can be distinguished by a brighter shade and a semicircular form. It varies with the main color of the nail. Deformation lonely may lead to disruption of the matrix.
This is how you can characterize the processes taking place in the holy of holies - the root of the nail or the matrix. The root lies in the deep layers of the epidermis and affects the structure of the nail, nail plate. The functions of the matrix are reduced to the production of keratin, the keratinization of inanimate cells and the displacement of the rest, which causes the growth of the nail.
Nails grow not as fast as hair. And on the legs it is slower than on the hands. Complete renewal of the stratum corneum occurs within six months. Accelerators of nail growth are:
- hormonal failures (pubertal period, monthly cycle, pregnancy);
- massage procedures;
- regular typing;
- habit of biting nails.
On the contrary, slowing down the process can use a strict low-fat diet, poor in vitamins, metabolic disorders and ailments associated with hematopoiesis.
Onychology: diagnostics on nails
It is significant that the presence of many diseases can be assumed by the appearance of the nails. So, take a closer look:
- Longitudinal strips, indentations, furrows. Signal of the onset of chronic processes in the body: rheumatism, dental diseases. Such inclusions can talk about a lack of zinc, especially in vegan.
- Cross channels. Indicate diseases of the digestive system: the stomach, liver, and also talk about the problems of the genitourinary system.
- Nail Thimble. The presence of unnatural dents in the structure of the nail plate speaks of the onset of psoriasis.
- Nails, similar to the watch's glasses, warn of problems in the respiratory system, the presence of oncology.
- A nail-spoon. Chronic lack of iron, which is treated under the supervision of a doctor.
- Colour gradation. A healthy nail has a delicate pale pink shade. Unnatural yellow serves as a warning of destructive changes in the liver. If the nails are bumpy, then we can assume the existence of diabetes or fungal infections. Cyanotic nail beds are in violation of the blood flow.
- White specks indicate a lack of calcium, and the layering of the nails - about the deficiency of vitamin D.
In general, the state of nails can diagnose up to 20 different diseases.
We calculate the character
That is the science of divination by the palm – palmistry, know everything. But oniomania unfairly in the shadows. Meanwhile, the details of the structure of the nail, its status, and also the attitude of the owner you can tell a lot about a person's character. For example, elongated nail plate are a distrustful and superstitious people, while the cropped, indicate excessive criticality and the development of logical thinking. If the nails are too short, their owner, most likely, prone to conflict and careerism. Fans biting nails are persons of neurotic type, characterized by instability and temper. And the greedy and scaredy have hooked, predatory nails.
Nail care is necessary, regardless of fatigue or lack of finance. It is not necessary to visit expensive manicure salons to keep your fingers in order: it can be done at home.
First of all, the nail should be properly cut and cleaned. Cut carefully, using scissors or forceps. It is better to do it in stages, in parts.
Then the free edge of the nail is cleaned and polished with a nail file. Further, the cuticle is moved back and the nutrient is applied. Also, twice a week, you can use strengthening nails.
If you follow these tips and do not run chronic diseases, then the appearance of the nail plates will rejoice for many years.