Human nail is a complex structure that performs a protective and aesthetic function. Nail plates as a mirror reflect the problems arising from health. It is impossible to imagine an elegant woman with bare nails. Therefore, to monitor the condition of hair and nails is not a luxury, but a necessity.
Features of the structure of the nail plate
Details of the structure of the nail is desirable to know each person in order to properly care for him. The nail is the stratum corneum, which is the logical conclusion of the finger and has no nerve endings. Structurally, nails are similar to claws, animal hooves, the top dermal layer, and hair. The structure of the human nail is divided into the following components:
People dreaming of healthy and strong nails, you must understand that the laying of the structure of the nail is genetically predetermined. The length of the matrix is directly proportional to the thickness of the nail the longer the root, the denser and healthier the nail plate.
The structure of the nail and the nail plate in addition to the main structural parts contains auxiliary:
- nail rollers;
- free nail part.
The rollers are located on the sides of the nail, protect it from the flanks and smoothly pass into the cuticle. With inadequate care for these skin folds, they can appear burrs, which is fraught with inflammation.
The nail sinuses or sinuses are reliably protected by rollers at the joints with the nail plate. Care of the sinuses is very important because their health is related to the condition of the nail as a whole.
The free part is an overgrown area of the nail that rises above the tip of the finger.
Visible side of the nail
Interestingly, the structure of the hair and nails are similar. The nail has a plate structure and is composed mostly of keratin – specific protein, which is also included in the composition to the hair fibers. The density of the nail depends on the presence of sulphur inclusions. The content of sulfur in the body is laid in utero, handed down by inheritance: the more molecules of sulfur, the stronger the nail plate. In addition, the nail contains a small layer of fat, giving a healthy glow, as well as zinc, chromium, molecules of calcium and selenium, allowing the body of the nail look healthy and fresh.
Due to the superposition of the horny plates on each other, the peculiarity of the structure of the nail is porous. Because of this, they perfectly moisture in both directions, and they do it 100 times stronger than the skin. This explains the effective use of therapeutic baths, gels, creams and varnishes applied to the nails. In addition, in people who are constantly in contact with liquids, the nail plate is noticeably compacted, becoming much thicker.
Bed of the nail plate
The structure of the nail, the scheme of which is presented above, originates in the nail bed. This place is a continuation of the root. It is filled with a network of blood vessels that allow the nail plate to look natural. It is here that the cells created by the matrix die off, and the process of keratinization ends. In hypohynia, as the nail bed is otherwise called, the growth direction of the nails is also given. Among other things, it is very sensitive to mechanical stress.
Cuticle: on guard of safety
The structure of the nail and the nail plate is impossible without cuticle. It's overgrown side cushion, which protects the components of the nail from malicious intrusion. The cuticle is two-thirds composed of dead cellular material, but if the time it is not removed, it is possible multiple cracking. This process provokes an infection, which affects the living cells of the cuticle and causes inflammation.
Lunula, or snow-white island
This is part of the root, well visible especially on the big toe. Lunula is located in the lower area of the nail plate. It can be distinguished by a brighter shade and a semicircular form. It varies with the main color of the nail. Deformation lonely may lead to disruption of the matrix.
This is the way to characterize the processes occurring in the holy of holies - the root of the nail or the matrix. The root is located in the deeper layers of the epidermis and affects the structure of the nail, the nail plate. The functions of the matrix are reduced to the production of keratin, the keratinization of non-living cells and the displacement of the rest, which causes the growth of the nail.
Nails do not grow as fast as hair. And on the legs it happens more slowly than on the hands. Full update of the stratum corneum occurs within six months. Nail growth accelerators are:
- hormonal disruptions (puberty, monthly cycle, pregnancy);
- massage treatments;
- regular typing;
- habit biting nails.
On the contrary, the process can be slowed by the use of a strict low-fat diet, poor in vitamins, metabolic disorders and diseases associated with blood formation.
Onychology: nail diagnosis
It is significant that the presence of many diseases can be assumed by the appearance of the nails. So take a look:
- Longitudinal stripes, grooves, grooves. Signal about the beginning of chronic processes in the body: rheumatism, dental diseases. Such blotches can talk about a lack of zinc, especially in vegans.
- Cross channels. Indicate diseases of the digestive system: stomach, liver, and also talk about the problems of the urogenital system.
- Nail thimble. The presence of unnatural dents in the structure of the nail plate speaks about the onset of psoriasis.
- Fingernails similar to watch glass warn of problems of the respiratory system, oncology.
- Nail spoon Chronic iron deficiency, which is treated under the supervision of a physician.
- Colour gradation. A healthy nail has a delicate pale pink shade. Unnatural yellow serves as a warning of destructive changes in the liver. If the nails are bumpy, then we can assume the existence of diabetes or fungal infections. Cyanotic nail beds are in violation of the blood flow.
- White specks talk about a lack of calcium, and the layering of nails - a deficiency of vitamin D.
In general, as up to 20 different diseases can be diagnosed.
We calculate the character
That is the science of divination by the palm – palmistry, know everything. But oniomania unfairly in the shadows. Meanwhile, the details of the structure of the nail, its status, and also the attitude of the owner you can tell a lot about a person's character. For example, elongated nail plate are a distrustful and superstitious people, while the cropped, indicate excessive criticality and the development of logical thinking. If the nails are too short, their owner, most likely, prone to conflict and careerism. Fans biting nails are persons of neurotic type, characterized by instability and temper. And the greedy and scaredy have hooked, predatory nails.
Care for nails is necessary regardless of fatigue or lack of finances. It is not necessary to visit expensive nail salons to keep fingers in order: this can be done at home.
First of all, the nail must be properly cut and clean. Cut carefully with scissors or forceps. It is better to do this in stages, in parts.
Then the free edge of the nail is cleaned and polished with a nail file. Next, the cuticle is removed and applied a nutrient. You can also hold twice a week for strengthening nail baths.
If you follow these tips and do not run chronic diseases, then the appearance of the nail plates will please for many years.