The country Algeria is in Africa, and more about it, many can not say anything. However, a country whose history began before our era can “provide” many interesting facts and open up to the reader as a completely unexplored state.
Algerian People’s Democratic Republic
One of the largest states in Africa is the country of Algeria. Even in ancient times, tribes lived here, and people fought for their existence in the Sahara Desert. Gradually, the country developed, but it was taking very slow steps, and today its development is hampered by corruption and bureaucracy. Despite this, Algeria is one of the most attractive countries, after all, it occupies the 8th place in terms of gas reserves, and the 15th in terms of oil reserves.
The description of Algeria can also begin with a story, to see how rich this country is, how great cultural heritage it has. In the 3rd century BC. er there was the first settlement in the modern territory, it was occupied by the Libyan tribes. Then this land was conquered by the Romans, and they owned it for 8 centuries.
After the Romans, the masters changed, and the Vandals became them, and then the Byzantines. In the 7th century, when the territory was Islamized, the inhabitants of these lands joined the Arab caliphate, and it lasted until the 16th century, until the Ottoman Empire took the lead.
After some time, Algeria managed to become a free country until the French came to earth and made it their colony. All this lasted until the Second World War, and in its period Algeria supplied products to Germany and Italy.
But nevertheless Algeria managed to defend its freedom, and in 1962 the country became an independent state, and the capital of Algeria settled in the city of the same name. As can be seen from the short description, Algeria has always been in someone's power, and it was difficult to build a state when someone commands, so today it is not a prosperous country, but only a state in which the foundations of democracy are laid.
The geographical location of Algeria
The country Algeria is located in North Africa and borders Libya and Tunisia in the east, Mauritania, Mali and Nigeria in the south, and Morocco in the west. The northern part is washed by the Mediterranean Sea. Physically, the region is divided into 4 parts by mountains, rivers and desert.
The largest territory, which occupies 90% of the country's area, is called the Algerian Sahara, or the stone desert, where the Ahaggar Mountains are located on the south side. The other territory is part of the Atlas Mountains, the third region is located on the north side near the coast on the valleys that end with the Atlas Mountains system. Another region is the High Plateau, which consists of depressions filling up during the rainy period and forming small lakes.
The main river of the country is the Celif, which flows into the Mediterranean Sea, the highest mountain, Tahat, reaches an altitude of 3003 meters.
If you look at the climate map of the country, you can see that the weather is diverse, which is typical for a country like Algeria. Geography teaches us that the country’s territory is divided into three climatic zones: on the coast, the temperature in winter drops to -7 ° -10 °, and in summer it rises to + 35 ° - + 40 °, the middle zone - in summer, the temperature rises to + 35 °, and in winter it drops to -5 °, in the southern zone, where the Sahara desert is located, hot tropical weather with storms.
The description of Algeria can be started from the fact that the country is a presidential republic, and at the head is the president, who is elected by the people for 5 years. For almost 20 years Abdul Aziz Bouteflika was chosen as the head of the country, elected in 2014 for his next 5-year term.
Capital of algeria
The city is divided into two parts, where the modern part is located on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, and the old part - on a hill, where the citadel stands at the highest point.
Translated from Arabic, Algeria is an “island”. The country received this name due to the fact that previously there were 4 islands nearby, but later they became part of the mainland.
The capital of Algeria is an important economic center, has a rich history, it is located on the seafront, here you can see many attractions that were built a long time ago.
Some features of Algeria
Algeria is a beautiful and interesting country with its own laws and regulations. But some bans and penalties surprise even the inhabitants of the country. It is worth noting some features that every tourist needs to know:
- On the streets you can not drink alcohol.
- You can not photograph women in black shawls.
- It is forbidden to pay in foreign currency, and this is worth thinking about immediately.
- You can not travel to the Sahara region alone, only accompanied by a local guide.
There are more interesting facts and rules about which you need to know:
- If you find yourself in the village, you should not take pictures of livestock, as the local people do not like it and believe that the photo may have a bad effect on the health of the animal.
- Women should not smoke on the streets, but this can be done in a cafe or in a car.
- No McDonald’s can be found in the country, and the inhabitants replace such a drink as “Kola” with local soda.
- If you want to leave a tip in a cafe, then they can be given right in hand, no one will mind.
Population, language and religion
The population of Algeria at the census in 2016 amounted to more than 40 million people. Moreover, 71% of them are urban dwellers. The bulk of the population, or rather, 73% are Arabs, there are also Berbers - about 26%, and the remaining peoples make up 1%.
The official language in the country is Arabic, there are also Berber dialects, and French is common among literate people. Since most of the population is Arabs, Islam is the main religion in the country, which controls every sphere of life.
There is even such an interesting law, which provides punishment for the fact that a person is called upon or forced to renounce Islam. However, Article 29 of the Constitution of the country talks about freedom of conscience.
In Algeria, there are other religions, most often it is Judaism and Christianity.
Basically, all workers are employed in civil service, trade, agriculture and industry are also represented. In addition to oil and gas, the light, mining, food and energy industries are developing in the country.
As for agriculture, they grow wheat, barley, from fruits: grapes and olives, and in animal husbandry they mainly breed cows and sheep.
Historical events that took place over many centuries have influenced the country's economy in the sense that the standard of living of people is not very high. Unemployment is flourishing, which in 2008, according to official figures, was 15%, and many citizens live below the poverty line - 17% of the population. Despite the fact that the country occupies a leading position in economic indicators among the countries of the mainland, it is developing very, very slowly.
Culture, attractions and cuisine
How can a cultural characteristic of Algeria look like? It can be assumed that religion has a great influence, and it is on its basis that culture is formed. In this country, they pray 5 times a day, Friday is a day off, women have less rights than men, and they honor such things as honor and dignity.
The local attractions primarily include mosques and fortresses. With a rich cultural heritage, where Arab culture is interwoven with the influence of Turkey and France, you can see not only Muslim buildings, but also houses built in French style, and palaces created by the Turks.
Every tourist who is interested in the country of Algeria is advised to visit the ancient city of Tipazu, although it is a ruin. A mausoleum in the form of a pyramid, where scientists have long been trying to unravel the mystery of secret doors, is considered a very interesting object.
The medieval city of Kasbah has been preserved in good condition, a distinctive feature of which is very closely built houses, where the streets are so narrow that daylight does not penetrate.
Under the open sky you can visit the museum - the archaeological park of the ancient Roman city. Triumphal arches, columns, amphitheater - all these unique buildings have survived to this day.
Separately, it is worth noting the local cuisine, which was formed under the influence of Arabs, French and Turks. Dishes can be spicy, but at the same time light and with a lot of spices. It is recommended to try dishes based on semolina, which can be served with chicken, fish or lamb, you should also try stewed meat in tomato sauce with lentils and flatbread with slices of lamb. The traditional drink is mint tea or sweet freshly brewed coffee.