Pushkin is a great Russian poet. In his work there are several directions in the lyrics. One of them - freedom-loving poems, a vivid idea is written in 1927, "Anchar."
Prerequisites for writing the poem "Anchar"
Let's talk about them. Pushkin wrote the poem "Anchar" immediately after returning from exile. At first the poet believes that the persecution by the state has ended.
He was mistaken: the poet was constantly being monitored by state security agencies. It was this fact that made Pushkin think about freedom. This was the way Anchar was written, where the poet's sorrow for freedom from the state yoke was reflected.
Pursued by the people of Benckendorff, Pushkin recalls the legend of a tropical deadly tree. Only a few local tribes come to him to poison the stele with poison.
The plot of the poem
In the poem "Anchar" Pushkin tells a story about a poisonous tree growing in the desert. It exists alone: other plants do not live next to them, animals bypass it. Anchar is so poisonous that it exudes death not only his flesh, but also the wind that walks in the branches of the tree, and the rain falling on the bark.
Pushkin emphasizes that anchar is the product of evil itself. And so the slave is sent to this evil by the slave, that he bring poison. The slave sets off on a journey, collects "mortal tar" and brings "the lord". After being saturated with poisonous vapors, the bonded person dies. The tsar poisoned with arrows arrows, which are going to be used against enemies.
Anchar - the embodiment of world evil
The story of Anchara is similar to a ballad - a poem-story with an unexpected, often tragic ending. There are three topical issues that Pushkin raises. "Anchar" - a poem about the world evil - the first of them. It is no accident that a poisonous tree grows away from living things, on the edge of the universe. Removing it from all, nature just wanted to create a balance: because where there is good - there must be evil. Animals understand this. In this case, they are smarter than humans.
The thirst for world domination prompted the king to send his servant to the anchor, so that he brought poison, thanks to which the army will be invincible. Pushkin says that it is people who are the distributors of evil. And both are guilty: both the king and the slave. That is why they are equalized by the poet ("man sent man"). Yes, they have different motives: the ruler is moved by the dream of power, and the slave is the elementary fear. After completing the task, the slave dies - this Pushkin brings to naught his fears. If a slave refused to fulfill the will of the king, he would suffer the same fate.
It is noteworthy that "destructive arrows" are sent to "neighbors". Usually this word is mentioned in a positive sense. Pushkin wanted to say that the tsar does not wage wars with neighboring states, on the contrary, they have good relations. The blow of the lord will strike unexpectedly. This emphasizes his anger and cunning. Envy and fear are two feelings that provoke the spread of evil.
Reflection of Pushkin's political views
Another thought Pushkin tries to convey to the reader: "Anchar" is a poem about the autocracy that existed at that time with its serfdom inherent in it. Using the allegorical tree Anchar - Pushkin speaks of the terrible evil that carries with him the boundless power of the king. The poet draws an analogy between the lord of the poem and the autocrat of Russia.
Stress resignation, criminal submission of the slave is underlined. It is enough for the king only to look to his servant servant "Obediently in the way flowed". And in fact both the lord and the slave realize that the journey to the tree promises death. Nevertheless, the slave does not resist and fulfills the will of the master. In fact, both rejection and fulfillment of the order bear death to the servant. Having chosen the latter, the slave becomes the same culprit of the situation, like the "cruel lord". The servant's description is given in more detail, which makes his figure ambiguous, allows one to wonder whether he had a choice.
The whole of Russia, which unleashes an aggressive war in the struggle for world domination, is an Anchar. Pushkin also focuses attention on this (the motive of the predatory war is not accidental). Trying to consolidate the first place in the world, not sparing the lives of people, the country is the embodiment of evil.
Features of the composition
In the poem "Anchar" Pushkin adheres to a clear linear composition. It is divided into two parts: the first describes the tree of evil - anchar, in the second - the actions of the lord and slave, who went to the tree for poison. It would seem that the images of the servant and the king should be compositionally opposed to each other. In Pushkin it is not so: he intends to avoid opposing heroes, on the contrary, he calls them "man sent man to anchar".
Opposing the world of people and nature. Smart animals do not approach Anchara, unlike people who purposely go to contact with evil. Nature herself placed the anchor on the edge of the universe.
Anchar and tsar are compared in the poem: the latter became a kind of anchar for the world of people, for it shoots down with arrows with poison.
Means of artistic expressiveness
After performing an artistic analysis of Pushkin's poem "Anchar", we can conclude that it is rich in pictorial means:
- Metaphors (Anchar - a symbol of world evil).
- Epithets ("imperious look", "black vichor", "obedient arrows").
- Oxymoron is a comparison of the incommensurable: "the green of the dead branches". Greens are a symbol of life, used with the epithet "dead."
- The use of old Slavs ("whihore", "sweat", "cold") gives the text a biblical, universal, solemn sound.
- Comparisons ("Anchar, as a formidable sentry").
What should the analysis of "Anchara" (plan) contain?
In the school curriculum when studying the topic "Pushkin. "Anchar" "the analysis of the poem is inevitable. This is the topic of a separate lesson in the 8th grade. It is necessary to take into account all aspects and features that Pushkin drew attention to in the poem "Anchar". Analysis of the plan is as follows:
- Creative reference: in what years of life was written a poem, facts of biography.
- The plot of the poem.
- Features of composition and genre.
- Artistic originality of the poem.
- The idea and its development (to describe the three issues raised in the poem).
- Conclusion: the place of the poem in the poet's work.
The poem "Anchar" by Alexander Pushkin is a vivid representative of the freedom-loving and philosophical poetry of the poet. Written in a fit of a sense of justice, it remains relevant to this day. After all, the redistribution of the world (warriors go even now) is even larger than in the 19th century. The older our planet becomes, the more evil and injustice become.