The popularity of a healthy lifestyle in our country from year to year is gaining momentum. The fact that many have “turned their faces” to the problem of physical inactivity, excess weight, unhealthy habits, etc. cannot but rejoice. People’s enthusiasm for various sports is growing, and simply physically active. This applies to both adults and children, adolescents, youth.
Team sports are especially popular with amateur athletes as well as fans. And although football in our country at all times was out of competition, but other ball games have a lot of ardent supporters. And one of them - basketball.
What do we know about basketball?
Anyone aware that basketball is a sports ball game involving two teams of five people in each, the goal of which is to throw as many balls as possible into the opponent's ring and fight against similar actions on his part.
But how many people thought that, like every game, basketball has its own specific rules regarding the composition of players, the size of the court, equipment and other nuances expressed in numerical form. For example, do you know the standard size of a basketball hoop and backboard?
Meanwhile, this information is quite interesting. For example, knowing the size of a basketball backboard, you can easily mount a homemade playground in your own yard and arrange amateur competitions.
The organizers of the yard basketball team should be aware that it can consist of 5 people who are simultaneously on the playing field. Another 7 people have the right to wait for their turn in stock, and there are no restrictions on the number of replacements.
At two points, the rules of the game provide for throwing a basketball into the basket from a near distance and three points each - from a position at a long distance, this place is marked with a semicircle.
Sizes of a basketball backboard and other nuances
Let's take a closer look at the shield itself. It is made of a material such as tempered glass, having a thickness of 20 millimeters. The standard dimensions of a basketball backboard look like this: at a length of 180 cm, the deviation is allowed no more than 3 centimeters. In height - 105 cm with a deviation, respectively, within 2 centimeters. Its side edges, as well as the lower, are supplied with cushioning upholstery in order to avoid accidents.
The FIBA protocol regulates the equipment of basketball backboards with red-colored lighting that is applied from the inside along the perimeter. The shield is set strictly at a certain height. The distance from the bottom edge to the floor is 275 centimeters. The height at which the basketball hoop is mounted is 305 centimeters.
But not only the size of the basketball backboard is important. Other numbers regarding equipment for this sport are:
- Play for the board game shields can 1.2 meters from the front line.
- The inner diameter of any basketball hoops must be equal to 45 inches, and the thickness of it is 2 cm underneath the rope mesh arranged in a basket without a bottom, whose length is 40 cm
- On the basket marked area of the ring, the area which is in the form of a rectangle of size 59 x 45 cm with white stripe five-centimeter width.
Used for basketball game boards and a rack with rings and baskets, can be of two types and thus the sizes – adult and children. Sizes for adults are contained in the official rules of FIBA. Children's parameters of the corresponding equipment for mini-basketball with a different size basketball Hoop and backboard.
As a rule, if the game is held in the gym, the shields are mounted to the wall or ceiling, dropping on special devices. Now in the halls, mobile racks and basketball backboards, which can be moved, began to be used everywhere. On the street are also possible both stationary and homemade shields, which are made of Plexiglas or metal with polycarbonate.
Size of basketball backboard for kids
Let's move on to children's basketball. What is the size of a basketball backboard in this case? The drawing it looks like a rectangle, having 120 cm in height and 90 cm in width. The material is polycarbonate. This mini-shield should protrude above the basketball court at 60 cm from the field marking line. Mount it, raising to a level of 230 cm above the floor or floor. The ring is fixed 30 cm above its bottom edge. And although the sizes of the basketball backboard for children differ from the standard one, its marking and the size of the basket for the ball are similar to the adult version.
Choosing the right equipment for an open basketball court and installing it securely is a very important task for the players. Compliance with all accepted standards will ensure accurate adherence to the rules, the indisputable victory and the pleasure of a real game.
How to equip a basketball court in the yard
Although in our country this game is not as popular as, say, in the United States, the ranks of its fans are constantly growing. This is a great option for spending time in the fresh air with your child, especially for supporters of a healthy lifestyle.
To make equipment for basketball under the force of almost all parents, and you can install it almost anywhere. Let's consider what is required for the device in our own yard of a self-made basketball court. To work, it is enough to know the dimensions of the basketball backboard, the drawing of which is quite simple.
So, we should get a chipboard sheet of either plywood, a metal tube or rod, a grid and a corner of metal. If a solid sheet of plywood or chipboard could not be found, the shield can be knocked out of individual planks.
What sizes can a homemade shield have?
For yard basketball it is not necessary to comply with the standard parameters. It is not so important what size of basketball backboard you will have, the main thing is that a square for throwing the ball could fit in his field, which, as was said above, is 45 x 59 centimeters in size. The ring itself with a diameter of 45 cm is easy to bend from a tube or rod. It is fastened to the metal corner by bolts or by welding. The dimensions of the mounts themselves are not so important; only a 15-centimeter distance between the ring and the shield should be maintained.
The netting on the ring is necessary in order to track the ball hits. In the case of its absence, you can take the mesh bag-bag without a bottom. Self-made shield is mounted on any pole, both wooden and metal. If there are no such people in your yard, and there is no possibility to bring and dig yourself for any reason, the shield can be fixed directly on the wall of a house or any building.
When you make a basketball backboard with your own hands, its dimensions and level of attachment may not be kept so strictly. It is only important to maintain the required height of the lower edge. But the standard distance of 275 cm can be reduced if the participation of children of small age is assumed. After all, at a great height the ball is much more difficult for them to throw, and the interest from the useful and gambling game will be quickly lost.
Play on health!
As you can see, equip the joy of your child and his friends improvised basketball court, outside the native yard is not difficult. It is enough to unite two or three members (usually fathers future players), to organize a simple available materials and spend a night or two for installation of the equipment.
Meanwhile, a basketball game can not only give a lot of joy to young participants, but also to strengthen their health to a large extent, which is especially important in our time prone to physical inactivity. And with young players, parents can take an example and the wonderful habit of a healthy lifestyle will take root in families and become a good tradition.
In addition, who knows, maybe from the environment of current amateur debutants in the future will turn out the real stars of domestic and world basketball!