A childbearing period in a woman's life is the time when she can conceive, endure and give birth to a child. When planning pregnancy and preparing for it, it is very important to take into account such a moment in life as a woman's reproductive age.
This is how many years? Many people have this question in their conversation about this period. Let's try to figure it out.
Beginning of reproductive age
At girls in 10-12 years the first signs of puberty are already shown. This is expressed in the increase in mammary glands, the appearance of the first hair on the pubic area and in the armpits. Despite these physical changes taking place with the body, the woman's reproductive age has not yet come. It begins with the arrival of the first menstruation (menarche), at about 13-15 years, perhaps a little earlier or later.
However, the onset of puberty can depend on various factors - the region of residence, genetic predisposition, race and even nationality. For example, in the southern regions, women "mature" earlier, but they have a much faster reproductive age. It also often happens that if a mother's menses start late, then her daughter does not have to wait for a monthly dose to come.
But the arrival of menarche does not mean that the woman has reached full-fledged reproductive age. The fact is that the body of a teenage girl is not yet fully formed, and to endure a baby without causing harm to one's or his health is extremely difficult at this age. There are complications in the form of premature birth, bleeding, mild labor, and incidents of miscarriage are not uncommon.
And it's not just the physical data of the girl, but also the psychological preparation. Therefore, it is generally accepted that the woman's reproductive age does not begin earlier than 17-18 years, when she is ready not only to bear the child, but also to become a mother in full.
How long does it take?
Features of the sexual system of a woman - this is what the length of reproductive age is usually determined. Each woman has a limited number of cells, they are laid before birth and mature throughout life. On average, the newborn has about 500 eggs, during menstruation usually ripens one, rarely two or three. However, external factors such as various chronic diseases, radiation, ecology and so on can affect their number. Because of these and other reasons, the destruction of eggs not yet ripe is possible. Because of these circumstances, by about 40 years, their number is sharply reduced, and with it the chance to become pregnant. It is during this period that the woman's childbearing age comes to an end.
The ideal average reproductive age of a woman for conception, gestation and childbirth is 22-35 years. It was during this period that a woman is ready both physically and emotionally.
And what about women after 40?
However, today thanks to all sorts of modern methods a woman can easily get pregnant and in 40-45 years, while giving birth to 100% of a healthy baby. But still at this age there are a lot of dangers for a full-fledged gestation of a child - the hormonal background of a woman changes greatly, the monthly becomes irregular, the first signs of menopause appear. Then the climax begins (approximately in 50 years), it lasts about a year, ends with the disappearance of the menstrual cycle. Proceeding from the above, it can be said that the woman's reproductive age lasts about 25-30 years.
End of reproductive age
Doctors believe that the period when a woman can fully endure a child, ends with the onset of menopause. However, the body is preparing for the extinction of reproductive functions since 40 years. The process of graduation develops as the woman's hormonal background changes.
The ability to natural conception is significantly reduced - the menstrual cycle is lost, the process of ovulation is disrupted, the eggs laid at the birth of the egg end.
It is worth noting that the ability to conceive and endure a child does not disappear in one day. Even during the period of extinction, a woman may well become pregnant. But we should not lose sight of the fact that the older the lady at the time of pregnancy, the higher the risk of various complications associated with both bearing, and with childbirth, and with the health of the mother and child.
It is for these reasons that doctors recommend solving the issues with the birth of offspring until this period. All the same, 40-45 years is already the late reproductive age of a woman.
What is menopause?
Approximately at the age of forty, there comes the so-called menopause, which means that the oocytes cease to ripen, and the risk of getting pregnant is reduced to nothing. Probability of conception is practically excluded. This process can last a fairly long time, from the onset of menstrual irregularity to its complete disappearance.
But even in this period you can expect surprises. It often happens that a woman thinks that the absence of menstruation is a climax, but in reality nothing else than pregnancy appears. Therefore, do not relax and treat contraception as an already unnecessary attribute. Stop the protection is possible only after the delivery of all necessary tests and visits to the doctor.
The reproductive age of a man and a woman is not much different, although they have their differences. Boys begin to mature at about age 13, puffiness over the lip, first hair under the armpits and on the pubis, the penis considerably increases, the morning erection increases, and at night spontaneous ejaculation often occurs. By the age of 15, the guys are beginning to experience sexual attraction to the opposite sex. From this age the reproductive age of the man begins.
In 18-25 years it is in full swing, the quality and quantity of spermatozoa is perfect. By the age of 30, testosterone levels are declining, factors such as health, external environment, stress, alcohol abuse can affect fertility. But still the reproductive age of the representative of the stronger sex is still in full swing.
By the age of 40, there has been a decline, an erection is decreasing, there is often a condition that prevents conception. But this does not mean that the reproductive age has come to an end. Practically for all men this period lasts to 65-70 years, that is about 40 years, unless, of course, there are any serious diseases.
How to extend the woman's reproductive age?
This question worries a lot of minds is not the first century. After all, prolongation of reproductive age means prolongation of youth. Of course, modern medicine has made significant steps in this direction, but its capabilities are not unlimited. To think about one's health is necessary from a young age - to give up bad habits, fully and correctly eat, be able to allocate your time for work and rest, sleep at least 8 hours a day. Even positive thinking can increase reproductive age, in contrast to negativity.
Also, you should avoid promiscuity, they increase the likelihood of sexually transmitted diseases. It is these pathologies that strongly affect the reproductive age of both women and men. They can lead to infertility, adenoma, cancer, prostatitis. The right way of life, playing sports - this is what will contribute to the extension of the reproductive period.
Some time ago doctors increased of childbearing age using hormonal drugs, but this led to the risk of breast cancer. This practice is now severely restricted and allowed only under certain indications, for example, during early menopause.
As it should be supposed, there are quite a few features of the woman's reproductive age. In any case, for a full and healthy conception of the baby, it is necessary to pass a survey of specialists both the mother of the child and his father.
Health to you and beauty at any age!