Essential - an integral part of almost any proposal. Regardless of how expressed and expressed in principle, it defines the subject. This member of the sentence can designate both an action, and some sign of the subject, to answer various questions (from the banal and well-known “what did you do?” To the already more difficult for perception “what?”). All this shows that there are different ways to express the predicate. So what they are, and what affects the division of predicates in different types?
Ways of expression
As is known, the ways of expressing the subject and the predicate may be different. The first, for example, can be expressed:
- noun or pronoun (Man / He appeared );
- infinitive (Working is our direct responsibility. );
- idiom(Augean stables - this is the most accurate definition of this room. ) etc.
The same can be said about the predicate. Limiting this sentence to a verb only will be a huge mistake. It can be submitted:
- noun (Knowledge is power );
- numeral (Three times five to fifteen );
- adjective, and even in comparative form (Beneath it is a jet of light azure. );
- and verbs in all their manifestations, in different moods and forms, verbs combined with particles, infinitives and so on.
That is, in principle, it is already clear that the diversity here is tremendous. It will help to better present the ways of expressing the predicate table below:
Ways to express the verb predicate
Simple verbal predicate
Let's start with the first type. The simple verb predicate is probably the most common. It is expressed by verbs in any form, namely:
- Verb in any mood (I will talk to him about it. I would go, but I can not. Come on in! )
- Infinitive (My duty is to survive )
- Verb in combination with any particle (Let's go to the Caucasus! )
- Idiom (And he goes around again and again )
- Interjections that denote action (And he so grabbed my arm) .
Simple verbal predicate - nuances
There are certain nuances. Very often, the future tense of indicative mood is not perceived as a simple verbal predicate - it consists of two words. But this will be the same mistake as not counting the CBC (this is how the name of this type of predicate is shortened) as a verb in combination with a particle.
Another controversial issue is the distinction of the idiom (although there is more to the point – nonfree phrase) and compound nominal predicate. The first is easily replaced by a single verb (We were given an order - We were ordered. Why did you hang your head? - What are you sad? ), whereas the composite nominal predicate this trick does not work, the only thing – you can replace the verb-conjunction with the word “was” (He sat sad - He was sad ).
Compound Verb Predictive
Moving on to the next type of verb – verb compound. Here everything is as simple as in simple – is the auxiliary verb and adjoins the infinitive (He wanted to study ). The only caveat in this case is a clear selection of this very auxiliary verb, because it can be represented not only by it:
- Phrasal verbs of beginning and end of action (Stopped sparring / Began to act )
- Modal verbs of intent, ability, will, desire (We were going to visit. I can run. I want to be free. I want to escape)
- Verbs of emotion(I'm afraid to fall in love. Hates to lie )
- Some impersonal verbs (Worth noting. Should think )
- Short adjectives, the full form of which is either completely absent or has a different meaning (Nice to meet you. Goraz invent. We are free to choose )
- Some nouns (Master to lie. Lover to walk )
- It is possible and it is impossible (You can note. It is impossible not to recognize b)
- Idiom (Eager to come )
Methods of expressing the predicate with examples is the best way to understand this, if not very confusing, but still voluminous topic. The main thing in the composite nominal predicate is to understand the mechanism of its formation. This is a verb (or something replacing it) plus an infinitive. Believe this formula - and you will succeed.
Composite noun predicate
We continue to study ways of expressing the predicate with a composite named predicate - the most disliked among schoolchildren. Such his unpopularity is due to the fact that sometimes it can be very difficult to distinguish it from a simple verbal predicate. But first things first.
Compound nominal predicate consists of two parts – the verbal ligament and the name part. It should be noted that if we are talking about the present, the verbal ligament. (He is beautiful ). The verbal link is most often represented by:
Yes, sometimes it is very difficult to single out an independent predicate with minor members. A short test "Methods of expression of the predicate" will help us to at least a little to deal with this difficult topic.
- Yes, what's the point here to wander! - wander around the parks .
- Lie motionless on the hill. - How much can you lie here ?!
- He could live an ascetic wanting nothing. - And how are you going to live here?
These sentences present different ways to express the predicate, try to figure out which types of predicate are presented in each sentence.
Continuing the theme of “Compound nominal predicate” and the study of its nominal parts. It can be expressed:
- Noun (Was an actress )
- The name of the adjective in all its forms - short and full, degrees of comparison (We are very glad to see you. Perfect voice ).
- Communion in all its forms is also short and complete and still passive and real (Kread niga. Young man reading )
- Pronoun (The sky is yours )
- Name numeral, and any combination of numbers (Family of five to thirty – five. Building height – two meters)
- Adverb (I like her a little bit )
- Interjection (Your thoughts - guard! )
- Phraseological and unfree phrase (His soul is a mystery to me )
As you can see, the ways of expressing of the predicate vary enormously – if in a simple tense, and remember-it really is nothing, then with a compound nominal will have some trouble. But with proper desire and all will be well.
The ways of expressing the subject and the predicate are the subject of long and thorough scientific lectures. The most important thing in all of this is to realize that the main parts of a sentence are expressed may be different parts of speech, sometimes not even solitary, that they may have different types and sometimes at first glance it is very difficult to understand what is in front of you. The only teacher here is practice, and besides this, a table that can be constantly supplemented with examples will help to understand the ways in which the predicate is expressed.