Life of the ancient Greek gods on mount Olympus seemed to people a solid and fun daily holiday. Myths and legends of those times are the source of philosophical and cultural knowledge. Having considered the list of the gods of Ancient Greece, you can immerse yourself in completely different world. Mythology will amaze you with its uniqueness, it is important that pushed humanity to the development and emergence of many Sciences such as mathematics, astronomy, rhetoric, logic.
The first generation
Originally the Darkness, and already from it has emerged the Chaos. From their Union came ereb (darkness), nix (night), Uranus (sky), Eros (love), Gaia (earth) and Tartarus (the abyss). They all played a giant role in the formation of the Pantheon. All the deities are somehow connected with them.
Gay was one of the first deities on earth appeared along with the sky, sea and air. She is the great mother of everything on earth: the heavenly gods were born from her Union with her son Uranus (sky), the sea gods from the Pontos (sea), the giants from Tartaros (BP) and mortal creatures were created from her flesh. Depicted as a fat woman, half-rising out of the ground. We can assume that it was she who invented all the names of the gods of Ancient Greece, a list of which can be found below.
Uranium is one of the primitive gods of Ancient Greece. He was the original ruler of the Universe. Was deposed by his son Cronus. One born of Gaia, was also her husband. Some sources give his father Econom. Uranus is depicted as a bronze dome that covers the world.
A list of the gods of Ancient Greece, born of Uranus and Gaia: the Ocean, Cowes, Hyperion, Crius, Theia, Rhea, Themis, Iapetus, Mnemosyne, Tethys, Kronos, the Cyclopes, Brontes, Sterop.
Uranium was not had no love for his children, or rather, hated them. And after birth he confined them in Tartarus. But during their uprising was defeated and castrated by his son Cronus.
The second generation
The titans born to Uranus and Gaia, was a six time lords. In a list titans Ancient Greece included:
The ocean tops the list of the gods of Ancient Greece, the Titan. Was a great river surrounding the earth was the receptacle of all freshwater. Wife of the Ocean was his sister, Titania tefida. Their Union gave rise to rivers, streams and thousands of oceanid. They did not take part in titanomachy. The ocean was depicted as a horned bull with a fish tail instead of legs.
Cay (Coy/CEOs)- the brother and the husband of the Phoebes. Their Union spawned the Summer and Asteria. Depicted as a heavenly axis. It revolved around her and the clouds went across the sky Helios and Selena. The couple was thrown by Zeus into Tartarus.
Crius (Krios)- ice Titan, able to freeze all life. Shared the fate of his brothers and sisters, thrown into Tartarus.
Iapetus (Iapet/yapet)- the most eloquent, commanded the titans in the attack on the gods. Sent by Zeus to Tartarus.
Hyperion lived on the island of Trinacria. He did not participate in the titanomachy. Wife was Titanide Thea (thrown into Tartarus along with his brothers and sisters).
Kronos (Chronos/KRONUS)- temporary ruler of the world. He's so afraid of losing the power of the Supreme God that devoured his children, so neither one of them did not claim the throne of the Lord. He was married to his sister Rhea. She managed to save one child and hide him from Kronos. Deposed by his only heir is saved by Zeus and sent to Tartarus.
Closer to people
The next generation is the best known. They are the main gods of Ancient Greece. The list of their exploits, adventures and legends of their participation is very impressive.
Not only do they become closer to the people, descended from heaven and came out of the chaos on the top of the mountain. The gods of the third generation became more and more willing to interact with people.
Especially bragged about Zeus, who was very partial to earth women. And the presence of the divine wife Hera it did not bother. From his Union with the person appeared familiar to all hero myths – Hercules.
These gods lived on mount Olympus. From its name, they got his title. There are 12 gods of Ancient Greece, a list of which is familiar to almost everyone. They all functioned and was endowed with a unique talent.
But more often they talk about the fourteen gods, the first six of which were children of Kronos and Rhea:
Zeus – the chief God of Olympus, the Lord of heaven, was a symbol of power and strength. The God of lightning, thunder, and the Creator of people. The main attributes of this God were: aegis (shield), Labrys (two-sided axe), lightning of Zeus (double serrated fork) and the eagle. Distributed good and evil. Was in Alliance with several women:
- Metida - the first wife, the goddess of wisdom, was swallowed by her husband;
- Femida – goddess of justice, the second wife of Zeus
- Hera - the last wife, the goddess of marriage, was the sister of Zeus.
Poseidon – God of rivers, floods, seas, droughts, horses, and earthquakes. His attributes were the Trident, a Dolphin and a chariot with the celestial steeds. Wife Is Amphitrite.
Demeter – mother of Persephone, sister of Zeus and his lover. Is the goddess of fertility and protector of the farmers. The attribute of Demeter – a wreath of ears.
Hestia – the sister of Demeter, Zeus, Hades, Hera and Poseidon. The patroness of the sacrificial fire of the family hearth. Took a vow of chastity. The main attribute was the torch.
Hades – ruler of the underground Kingdom of the dead. Husband of Persephone (the goddess of fertility and Queen of the Kingdom of the dead). The attributes of Hades was dvuzubets or a rod. Depicted with an underground monster Cerberus – three-headed dog that stood guard at the entrance to Tartarus.
Hera – sister and wife of Zeus. The most powerful and wise goddess of Olympus. Was the patroness of marriage and family. Required attribute Hera – tiara. This jewel is a symbol that she is home on mount Olympus. She obeyed (and sometimes reluctantly) all the main gods of Ancient Greece, a list of which she headed.
The rest of the Olympians
Let these gods have no such powerful parents, almost all of them were born of Zeus. Each of them was talented in his own way. And he coped well with his duties.
Ares – son of Hera and Zeus. God of battles, war, and masculinity. Was the lover, then the husband of the goddess Aphrodite. Companions of Ares was Eris (goddess of discord) and enio (goddess of violent war). The main attributes were: helmet, sword, dog, burning torch and shield.
Apollo – son of Zeus and Leto, was the twin brother of Artemis. The God of light, leader of the muses, God is a healer and predictor of the future. Apollo was a very loving, he had many mistresses and lovers. The attributes were: Laurel wreath, chariot, bow and arrows and Golden lyre.
Hermes – son of Zeus and the Pleiades Maia or Persephone. God of Commerce, eloquence, dexterity, intelligence, livestock, and roads. The patron Saint of athletes, merchants, craftsmen, herdsmen, travelers, messengers and thieves. Is the personal messenger of Zeus and escort the dead to the underworld. Taught people literature, Commerce and accounting. Attributes: winged sandals enabling him to fly, the helmet of invisibility, the caduceus (the wand, decorated with two intertwined snakes).
Hephaestus – son of Hera and Zeus. The God of blacksmith and fire. Limping on both legs. Wife of Hephaestus Aphrodite and Aglaia. The attributes of God were: bellows, tongs, chariot and Pylos.
Dionysus – son of Zeus and a mortal woman Semele. God of vineyards and wine-making, inspiration and ecstasy. Patron of the theater. He was married to Ariadne. The attributes of God: the Cup of wine, a wreath of vines and the chariot.
Artemis – daughter of Zeus and the goddess Leto, twin sister of Apollo. Young goddess the huntress. Born first, helped her mother give birth to Apollo. Chaste. The attributes of Artemis: a DOE, a quiver of arrows and a chariot.
Demeter, daughter of Cronus and Rhea. Mother of Persephone (wife of Hades), sister of Zeus and his lover. The goddess of agriculture and fertility. The attribute of Demeter - a wreath of ears.
Athena – daughter of Zeus, completes our list of the gods of Ancient Greece. She was born from his head after he swallowed her mother Themis. The goddess of war, wisdom and crafts. The patroness of the Greek city of Athens. Her attributes were: a shield with the image of the Gorgon Medusa, owl, snake and spear.
Born in foam?
About the next goddess I want to say separately. It is not only to this day is a symbol of female beauty. To all other things, the history of its origin is hidden in mystery.
About the birth of Aphrodite there are a lot of arguments and assumptions. The first version of the goddess was born from semen and blood and Cronus castrated Uranus that fell into the sea and formed foam. The second version: Aphrodite arose from sea shells. The third hypothesis: she is the daughter of dione and Zeus.
This goddess was in charge of beauty and love. Spouses: Ares and Hephaestus. Attributes: chariot, apple, rose, mirror and dove.
How to live on the great Olympus
All the Olympic gods of Ancient Greece, the list that you see above, had the right to live and spend all their free time on the wonders of the great mountain. The relationship between them was not always rosy, but few of them dared to open hostility, knowing the power of his opponent.
Even among the great divine creation was not permanent in the world. But it was solved by intrigues, secret conspiracies and betrayals. This is very similar to the human world. This is understandable, because humanity was created by the gods, so they like us.
Gods living on top of mount Olympus
Not all deities had a chance to reach such heights and to climb mount Olympus to rule there world, feasting and having fun. Many other gods either are unable to earn such a high honor, or was modest, content with a normal life. Unless, of course, can be called as the existence of a deity. In addition to the Olympian gods, there were other gods of Ancient Greece, list their names here:
- Hymen – God of marriage (the son of Apollo and Muse calliope).
- Nika – the goddess of victory (daughter of Styx and the Titan Pallanta).
- Iris – goddess of rainbows (daughter of the sea God Tamanta and oceanid Electra).
- ATA – goddess aberration of the mind (daughter of Zeus).
- Apata – the lady lies (the heiress of the goddess of night dark Nutty).
- Morpheus – God of dreams (the son of the Lord of dreams Hypnos).
- Phobos – God of fear (a descendant of Aphrodite and Ares).
- Deimos – the Lord of terror (the son of Ares and Aphrodite).
- The horae goddesses of the seasons (daughters of Zeus and Themis).
- Aeolus God of the winds (the heir of Poseidon and Arne).
- Hecate – lady of darkness and all the monsters (total Union titanium Persian and Asterii).
- Thanatos – God of death (son of erebos and Nutty).
- Erinia - the goddess of revenge (daughter of Erebus and Nyukta).
- Pontus is the lord of the inner sea (heir of Ether and Gaia).
- Moira - goddess of fate (the daughter of Zeus and Themis).
It's not all the gods of Ancient Greece, a list of which you can continue even further. But to discover the main myths and legends, it is sufficient to know only these actors. If you want to read more stories about each, we are sure that the ancient tellers invented various weaves their lives and the details of the divine life, in which you will gradually get acquainted with new heroes.
The Meaning of Greek Mythology
There were also muses, nymphs, satyrs, centaurs, heroes, Cyclops, giants and monsters. This whole world was invented not in one day. Myths and legends were written decades, with each retelling acquiring other details, and not before seen characters. There were all the gods of Ancient Greece, a list of names that grew from one narrator to another.
The main purpose of these stories was to teach future generations the wisdom of your elders, understandable language to talk about good and evil, of honour and cowardice, of loyalty and lies. Well, besides such a huge Pantheon allowed us to explain virtually any natural phenomenon, the scientific justification for which was not.