Mechanical engineering is one of the most important industries in any state. The degree of its development determines how high the level of the economy is in a particular country. Engineering technology studies the manufacture of machines and their parts, safety when working with equipment, as well as the ability to reduce the cost of parts and mechanisms without compromising the quality of the manufactured products.
The specialty “Mechanical Engineering Technology” makes it possible to obtain the qualification of an engineer, which allows you to work in many directions. For example, a mechanical technician manufactures quality control of products and performs the necessary calculations. The machine operator grinds parts on special machines manually. The operator works on CNC machines, enters the control program and sets its mode of operation. The commissioning and testing engineer is responsible for the serviceability of the equipment, keeps a schedule of inspections and repairs, helps machine operators to set up mills and calculates the recommended settings for working on them. He is also responsible for the technical documentation on the equipment on his site.
Another quite interesting direction that the specialty “Mechanical Engineering” specializes in is the development of new parts and equipment. As a rule, this is a design engineer. In many mass-type industries, there are design bureaus that develop new parts and cutting conditions.
For example, a metallurgical enterprise receives an order for a huge batch of twist drills. The equipment allows you to produce only 10 thousand drills per shift and it is necessary to accelerate this process. An engineer designer must:
- Make a drawing of the finished product.
- Calculate the cutting mode of one unit of twist drill.
- Find a way to accelerate the manufacture of this part with minimal financial costs.
How much time and where are you studying for the engineering profession?
The specialty (15.02.08) “Technology of mechanical engineering” can be obtained in metallurgical technical schools and colleges. Depending on the educational institution, the methods for accepting documents also differ. In some technical schools for admission it is necessary to pass exams.
There are also correspondence and evening classes in this specialty, however, as a rule, these are commercial groups. Duration of training for them is the same as on a full-time basis. Many boys and girls dream to get a specialty “Mechanical Engineering”. The college trains and prepares such specialists in accordance with the requirements of the main professional educational program.
I course includes general educational subjects and only basic basic knowledge of the specialty. After completing it, the student receives a certificate of basic secondary education.
The II course consists of several general educational subjects (such as higher mathematics, physics) and most of the subjects in the specialty: metallurgy, management, theory of cutting, technical mechanics, etc.
III and IV course consists only of spec. items. Students studying electrical engineering, specialized equipment, basics of ecology, technical processes of manufacture machinery and parts, basic Economics, etc.
At the end of the educational process and internship students write a thesis and receive a diploma.
Practice in the specialty "Engineering Technology"
As a rule, during the whole educational process you need to go through 3 different practices related to the profession “Engineering Technology”. The specialty of secondary vocational education (secondary vocational education) requires not only knowledge, but also basic skills for working with parts and mechanisms.)
The first practice is plumbing, and students are allowed to it after the end of the second course. In addition, admission is required to pass a safety exam. Locksmiths, as a rule, are located on the territory of the school. At this stage, students first become acquainted with technical equipment and try to work on it. In the course of the practice, students need to do several tasks, such as sharpening the cutter, cutting internal and external threads, and marking on the details. Most often, students do work on locksmith workbenches and machine tools.
The second practice for students in the third year is mechanical. If there is no mechanical section in the territory of the educational institution, then students do internships at factories and enterprises. The standard of the specialty “Engineering technology” at this stage requires the study of machine tools, such as turning, milling, drilling, grinding, etc. The student is assigned to one of the machines and works with him along with the tutor. It is permissible to do practical work on CNC settings. In this case, the student gets acquainted with the control programs and the way they are entered.
In the fourth year students will have a pre-diploma practice. It lasts about two months. As a rule, students are distributed on mechanical platforms depending on the subject of the diploma. For example, if a student at the faculty of “Engineering Technology” (specialty - “technician”) was given the topic “Calculation and design of a worm spline cutter”, then he is sent to mech. the site where the cutters are made. At the end of the practice, students take an exam for a discharge and receive a state certificate of assignment of discharge.
Recently, our country is actively developing the industry for the production of new equipment and technology. The development in the field of electronic technologies in mechanical engineering is not standing still. The specialty of a modern engineer includes compulsory knowledge in this field of science. Electronic technologies are studying electrovacuum devices and mechanisms. They work according to the incandescent lamp principle: there is no air in the working space of such a device, which allows amplifying and transforming electromagnetic energy.
What knowledge do students get in the learning process?
Specialty “Technology of mechanical engineering” gives you the opportunity to work in many directions. This is due to the fact that during training the technician receives a huge baggage of knowledge. During the learning process students will study the methods of machining, learn to calculate time for manufacturing, select the desired cutting mode, learning equipment on the mechanical parts and how it works. In addition, young professionals are being trained to work in many computer programs such as the Compass and AutoCAD. It is a versatile application for creating and designing of all types of fixtures and parts in the system of three-dimensional modeling.
It is difficult to remember a time when good engineers were unclaimed. In any industrial enterprise, qualified technologists who know the specialty “Mechanical Engineering Technology” are always required. Who can work with such a profession, anyone who has ever encountered industrial enterprises knows. The work of a young engineer, as a rule, begins with the manufacture of parts on machine tools and bench bezels. Over time, you can advance in the service - to become a master of the site on which the part is made, or to transfer everything from the dusty workshop to a clean office. Office technologists are the designers and engineers for the introduction of new machinery and equipment.