Fogs, as the main weather conditions, obligatory “fay o’klok”, adherence to traditions, severity of norms, oatmeal and special English humor. What is the difference between strict England, whose population makes up the main part of all the inhabitants of Albion?
England as part of the UK
England, Britain, Great Britain is a frequent name of one great power - the United Kingdom of Great Britain, which also includes the northern part of Ireland. The most significant part of this country is England. Its population and territory make up almost one third of the total population and territory of the Kingdom.
Britain is a name that prevailed much earlier than others. The so-called land of the Britons, Celtic tribes who inhabited the island before our era. After the Romans conquered the lands of the Britons, the Angles and Saxons gradually pushed them. Britain became England, that is, the "land of the Angles." Historically, the Angles who came became the main group in the UK, displacing indigenous Aboriginal people to a small part of Wales.
Another significant group of Celtic tribes of Albion are the Scots, among which are insignificant groups of Galli. Galla is a small ethnic group of the mountainous Celtic people, preserving its ancient language and traditions.
UK in numbers
According to the data of 2015, about 64 million people lived in the UK. Of these, the population of England is 84%, Scotland - 8.3%, Wales - 4.8%, Ireland - 3%.
The British lead the statistics of the ethnic composition. Their number is 76%, the remaining 24 percent are Scots (less than 6%), Irish (about 2%), Welsh (3.1%). Other nations that consider Britain their home are migrants.
As a result of moving, the population of England began to increase significantly in the 19th century, when the country still had many colonies. Now the Poles, Jews, Indians, Pakistanis, Arabs, Chinese, immigrants from the former USSR live with the British.
The urban and rural population is represented in the ratio of 93% to 7%. Age of residents:
- children under 14 years old - 19%:
- elderly people over 65 - 16%;
- the rest of the population is young and able-bodied citizens from 15 to 64 years old.
The main state religion of great Britain – Anglican Church. Its members are 27 million people (Wales and England). The population of Scotland is more inclined to the Presbyterian religion. A small group of believers are Catholics, Muslims, Methodists, Jews, Sikhs, Hindu.
English is the only official language in all regions of the United Kingdom, only the dialects spoken in some localities are so different that their owners do not always understand each other.
The most approximate to the normative, considered the spoken language of the inhabitants of the south-eastern part of England. The territory of Wales is considered bilingual, since a significant part of its population speaks Welsh dialect. The mountain peoples of Scotland have retained the ancient Celtic language in their culture, but at this time only 60 thousand people are able to speak it.
Townspeople and villagers
On average in the UK there are about a thousand cities and towns. They live the main part of the British. Separating urban and rural populations is difficult, since a typical English village is a suburb. Inhabitants of the central regions of large cities call themselves townspeople in England. A large concentration of people in megalopolises is forcing the authorities to encourage the mass relocation of their inhabitants to these suburbs, closer to nature.
British citizens for the most part live in private homes. There are urban quarters of apartment buildings, but they do not at all correspond to our usual notion of urban housing. These flats are small and uncomfortable. Most often migrants, students, temporary settlers live in them. Family Englishmen prefer a small but separate house. These houses are located very close to each other, have a small courtyard and a small garden. The most common hobby of the British is to dig in the ground and grow something there.
Population layers in England
If we consider the social foundations of the British in numbers, then 93% of all residents of the UK consider themselves to be middle-class workers and employees. These are the so-called average British. The term worker refers to employees of various qualifications. In terms of living standards, they are on an equal footing with the local intelligentsia, employees, clerks, teachers, doctors. Unskilled manual labor is increasingly being given to visiting workers from other countries.
The small English nobility (2% of the population) in their small circle concentrates half of the national wealth of the state.
Free labor, small business and farming in this region are not very popular. In England much cheaper to get a good profession and work an employee on any great venture, than to run your business. Owners of small shops, cafes, restaurants and other small establishments, together with farmers fit into 5% of the population.
There are both poor and homeless. There are not many of them - mainly people who have lost their jobs for a long time or migrants who are not lucky to get settled into this category.
Such, in summary, is England, whose population is known as strict, stiff and cold. In fact, the majority of the English are quite friendly and friendly people, they just are very well-mannered and piously honor their age-old traditions, many of which we do not understand.