Snobbery is a multifaceted phenomenon. As the main theoretician of this reality said, the famous English writer William Makepeace Thackeray, who dedicated her works to the study of such works as "Vanity Fair" and a collection of satirical stories "The Book of Snobs" (also called "The Book of Tinsel"), snobbery knows no boundaries.
All-pervasiveness of snobbery
The great English novelist paraphrased Horace and suggested that snobbery is a phenomenon that in its omnipotence is akin to death - opens any door to the foot. He is outside classes, beyond races, beyond borders. The only thing that modifies it slightly, gives other shades, but does not change, in general, the vicious essence - it's time and mores. W. Thackeray, emphasizing the ubiquitous presence of this phenomenon, suggests that no one can claim that he himself does not belong to this caste. His essays are called - "The book of snobs, written by one of them ...". In some studies it is noted that it was Thackeray who came up with this word, at least, introduced it into literary usage. His characteristics of a person to which this term can be applied are extremely tough - the great satirist maintains that the snob, as a rule, "despicably worships a cowardly phenomenon".
Modern interpretation is far from the truth
Now, when in many cities elite restaurants are opened under the sign "Snob", a luxurious magazine with the same name is published, it seems that snobbery is something refined or even refined. Or the conceit and arrogance of people who still belong to the elite. However, the roots of this phenomenon are much more prosaic. Snobs are upstarts coming from the lower strata of society, but wandering with "light." The very translation of the word means a person of low birth. One of the popular versions of the origin of the term is based on the prestigious Eton College, founded by Henry VI in 1440 for boys from the best English families. But along with them, the children of the wealthy commoners also entered the educational institution. "Noby" - boys from noble families (noble - nobleman) - did not really know with snobs (sine nobilitate or s. Nob., - there is no noble title). In Eton, Cambridge's predecessor, the word "snobbery" meant not at all what the present "crows in peacock feathers" and not only domestic ones meant.
The true essence of the phenomenon
This all-encompassing phenomenon devoted a lot of research, it has several interpretations. There is nothing wrong with the human desire for a better, beautiful or just pure. Obviously, the hallmark of snobs is not a laudable aspiration, but actions and demeanor, even the way of life and the existence of these entities. Often snobbery is groveling in front of people, standing higher on the social ladder, hatred and contempt for countrymen living below. The biggest horror for these people is even a hint that they belong to the plebeians. Hence such a marked superiority over the surrounding reality, is a jealous imitation of the manners of the aristocracy, the desire to emphasize their own importance and belonging to the elite.
Typically, these excessive efforts are taking grotesque forms, and snobs are always visible. One of the connoisseurs of good manners and etiquette, John Morgan said that such realities as "snob, snobbery", immediately recognizable, because the person and the phenomenon as a whole never managed to avoid two fatal errors. With all his heart the snob wants to be his own among a certain society, whose representatives he considers as celestials. As a result of excessive actions - flattery, servility, pointed contempt for the downstream - the snob becomes either clearly obsequious or cheeky.
Whatever one may say, the phenomenon is negative. And no matter how glossy the snobs looked on the pages of the eponymous magazine and in the windows of fine restaurants, these people, as a rule, are unworthy (they have their own understanding of human dignity) and limited. And do not refer to the classics, wanting to explain what snobbery is. Every person feels this every day. Snob - a boorish head, imagining himself an aristocrat, is an impudent nurse in the hospital, it's any insignificance, which, though small, has gained power. They have the same behavior - a constant demonstration of their superiority, the same manner of communication - they look past you with a transparent gaze and, communicating, kiss words through clenched teeth. To the great sorrow, the demonstration of one's own superiority is an eternal and ineradicable phenomenon. Most of humanity is characterized by arrogance and obsequiousness.
As formulated, what is snobbery? The definition of "fake people" is also not exhaustive. A snob is a person, who boast of their belonging to the elite (as he understands it) is aware of and jealously guard their otherness to the "gray" in his understanding a lot.
Specifically, the "bad"
The concept has a lot of shades. And so the term "snob" has a lot of synonyms - it's an upstart or parvenu, it's a nouveau riche, it's a "new Russian". That is, a person who, by virtue of circumstances, has made a fortune, but not by any criteria, does not belong to the chosen society, in the best sense of the word. If you do not accept a circle of people like him for "elected society". Hence it can be concluded that the concepts of "snob" and "cultural person" are antipodes. And it's not necessary to say that these people are aristocrats of the spirit. Yes, they do not seek this.
Compassion, love for one's neighbor, self-sacrifice, kindness and love are things from a completely different life. External gloss is the brightest distinguishing feature and end in itself of snobs.