Snobbery is a multifaceted phenomenon. As the main theoretician of this reality said, the famous English writer William Makepeace Thackeray, who dedicated it to research such works as “Vanity Fair” and a collection of satirical stories “Book of Snobs” (another name - “Book of tinsel”), snobbery knows no boundaries.
Permeability of snobbery
The great English novelist paraphrased Horace and suggested that snobbery is a phenomenon that, in its omnipotence, is akin to death, opens any doors with its foot. He is beyond classes, beyond races, beyond borders. The only thing that modifies it a bit, gives other shades, but does not change, in general, the evil essence - this is the time and morals. W. Thackeray, stressing the widespread presence of this phenomenon, says that no one person can claim that he does not belong to this caste. His essays are called - "Book of snobs, written by one of them ...". In some studies, it is noted that it was Thackeray who coined this word, in any case, he introduced it into literary use. His characteristics of a person to whom this term can be applied are extremely tough - a great satirist asserts that the snob, as a rule, “basely bows to the mean act.”
The modern interpretation is far from the truth
Now, when elite restaurants with the Snob sign are opened in many cities, a luxurious magazine with the same name is published, it seems that snobbery is something exquisite or even refined. Or conceit and arrogance of people who still belong to the elite. However, the roots of this phenomenon are much more prosaic. Snobs are upstarts, descended from the lower strata of society, but are delirious with "light." The very translation of the word means a person of low origin. One of the most popular versions of the term is based on the prestigious Eton College, founded by Henry VI in 1440 for boys from the best English families. But along with them, the children of wealthy commoners also got into the school. “Nobs” - boys from noble families (noble - nobleman) - didn’t really know snobs (sine nobilitate or s. Nob. - no noble title). At Eton, the forerunner of Cambridge, the word "snobbery" meant not at all what the current "crows in peacock feathers" put into it and not only domestic ones.
The true essence of the phenomenon
This all-encompassing phenomenon devoted a lot of research, it has several interpretations. There is nothing wrong with the human desire for a better, beautiful or just pure. Obviously, the hallmark of snobs is not a laudable aspiration, but actions and demeanor, even the way of life and the existence of these entities. Often snobbery is groveling in front of people, standing higher on the social ladder, hatred and contempt for countrymen living below. The biggest horror for these people is even a hint that they belong to the plebeians. Hence such a marked superiority over the surrounding reality, is a jealous imitation of the manners of the aristocracy, the desire to emphasize their own importance and belonging to the elite.
Typically, these excessive efforts are taking grotesque forms, and snobs are always visible. One of the connoisseurs of good manners and etiquette, John Morgan said that such realities as "snob, snobbery", immediately recognizable, because the person and the phenomenon as a whole never managed to avoid two fatal errors. With all my heart, a snob wants to be his own among a certain society, whose representatives he considers to be celestials. As a result of excessive actions - flattery, obsequiousness, underlined contempt for the subordinate - the snob becomes either obviously pleasing or cheeky.
Like it or not, this phenomenon is negative. And no matter how polished snobs look on the pages of the magazine of the same name and in the windows of gourmet restaurants, these people are usually unworthy (they have their own understanding of human dignity) and limited. And do not refer to the classics, wanting to explain what a snobbery. The value of this phenomenon every person feels every day. Snob - Ham-chief, who imagines himself an aristocrat, this is a blatant nurse in the hospital, this is any nonentity, received in the hands of a little, but power. They have the same demeanor - a constant demonstration of their superiority, the same manner of communication - they look past you with a transparent gaze and, communicating, they filter words through their teeth. To the great regret, the demonstration of one's own superiority is an eternal and ineradicable phenomenon. The majority of mankind has arrogance and servility.
As formulated, what is snobbery? The definition of "fake people" is also not exhaustive. A snob is a person, who boast of their belonging to the elite (as he understands it) is aware of and jealously guard their otherness to the "gray" in his understanding a lot.
Specifically, the "bad"
The concept has a lot of shades. And therefore, the term “snob” has many synonyms - this is an upstart, or parvenu, this is a nouveau riche, this is a “new Russian”. That is, a person who, due to circumstances, has made a fortune, but by no means belongs to the chosen, in the best sense of the word, society. If for the "chosen society" does not take the circle of people like him. From this we can conclude that the concepts of “snob” and “cultural man” are antipodes. And so that these people are aristocrats of the spirit, and can not speak. Yes, they do not seek this.
Compassion, love of neighbor, self-sacrifice, kindness and love - these are things from a completely different life. External gloss is the brightest distinguishing feature and end in itself of snobs.