This freshwater fish, belonging to the family of Cyprinidae, sometimes grows to an impressive size. Sometimes its weight exceeds two dozen kilograms at a length of more than one meter.
The main years of growth of carp are in the first seven or eight years of his life at a maximum age of thirty years. This underwater inhabitant is almost the most important crusher of fishing gear, and therefore became the object of numerous fantastic stories of lovers of "quiet hunting".
Sazan begins to peck from early spring, immediately after waking after winter. As the water warms up, the activity of this fish increases, passing into the pre-spawning zhor. When they gather near the places where the females lay their eggs, the flocks of these cyprinids eat everything, not only vegetable, but also animal food. This is the best period for the purposeful fishing of carp. It is in the pre-spawn season that the largest specimens come to the bait.
Where to catch carp
In order to catch this fish, you need to know where it can be. Sazan is considered one of the most timid inhabitants of reservoirs. He avoids overly clean lakes and ponds, as well as popular fishing places. Sazan prefers quiet plots with sufficient depth and the presence of numerous snags on the bottom, the relief of which must be muddy or clayey. Fishermen should pay attention to fallen trees or various windbreaks: this is where the representative of carp loves to feed. You can find carp and the characteristic splashes, which he creates in the morning. It happens that this fish is located where there are cliffs instead of banks.
How to make a tackle on the carp for yourself
Mounting rods or other gear is not only useful but also fun. In addition, fly fishing with a homemade "creations" brings much more pleasure than those that were purchased. Manufacturer of tackle for carp with his hands is a desire to create something useful, is to deceive this fearful and cunning prey. Besides, this is a great option to significant savings.
When making your own hands, the fisherman takes into account all the features of this reservoir, the nature of the extraction, etc., sometimes displaying truly amazing ingenuity. Most often for sazana use float fishing tackle. However, for some water bodies the donkey is more suitable. When making a tackle for catching carp with its own hands, it is important that all the components are not only strong enough, but also elastic.
Fishing for carp the angler requires enough activity. Better to lure several places for fishing. This fish likes to constantly move around the pond. Don't forget that carp makes no noise, so any noises or clatter on the shore unable to scare him off. For those who prefer to fish from a boat, you need to choose a wooden version of this craft, as it is less noisy. Basic tackle for carp is a ground rod and float rod.
No freshwater inhabitant of reservoirs has such strong resistance as this carp representative. Sazan after biting rushes away from the boat or shore. At the same time, this cunning fish and strive to hide behind some kind of underwater obstacle, thereby complicating the voyage. Catch large specimens usually in two cases: with purposeful fishing for captured individuals, and also with luck during the fishing of another prey. And if the fate of the fisherman is unlikely to be affected, then it is quite possible to prepare well for election fishing. In this case, the main attention should be concentrated on the complete set of gear for carp. At the same time, no matter what type of fishing rod is given preference, strength and reliability should be its main characteristics. Installation of tackle on carp should be carefully checked before fishing.
For fishing in quiet water
For fishing in a standing body of water you can use multiple rods. Many prefer the flight option. This classic view of float tackle for the carp angler has to use when fishing on those rivers where there are numerous underwater obstructions such as fallen trees and bushes, algae, etc. Because after hooking fish have the power to pull the prey to the shore, the burden falls entirely on gear. And because you need to forget about elegant modern rods. The rod should be powerful, it is better to take carp with a length of four to five meters. The main line should be to have a diameter of 0,5-0,7 mm, and the leash should be taken shestidesyatiletiyu. A float with a sinker must be light, and the size of the hook within the rooms four to six.
This tack allows you to catch carp on those sites in water bodies, where long-distance casts are required. The match rod should have a length of 3.5-4.5 meters. The inertial coil needs to be taken at a size of 3,500-4,000 with a friction brake. The main line is wound on a spool one hundred and fifty meters in length and 0.3-0.35 mm in diameter. It is very important for the efficiency of fishing to be properly loaded match float: it must be very sensitive and well visible from a long distance.
This kind of tackle for carp combines two characteristics: combination of long cast – up to a hundred meters – with simultaneous complementary feeding. That is why she recently received great popularity among fishing enthusiasts. Exact hit, which give the opportunity to produce the tackle for carp with the feeder, create at the bottom of the feed spot, which attracts fish. There is also a bait with a hook, which prey swallows during the absorption of complementary foods. The feeder rod for carp should be selected with a length of 3.3-3.6 meters and a test load of up to 100 grams. The inertial coil is also required of an impressive size - 3500-4000. Required in the rig are also a bytraner with a friction brake. The main line should be taken with a diameter of 0.3-0.35 millimeters and a length of 150-200 meters. For standing water, the weight of the feeders usually does not exceed sixty grams, while the sazan gear on the current has a heavier mass of this option. Since waiting for bites can be delayed, it is better to have several feeders, but to catch on one, periodically casting.
Catching on the feeder
Check the tackle every fifteen minutes, so as not to scare off this careful fish. Catching on the current, the rod should be fixed perpendicular, while standing water the angle between the shore and the rod should be reduced. When fishing with this gear, accuracy of casting is very important: it must fall on one place each time. When cutting, you should reject the feeder back, until the angler feels contact with the prey. As a nozzle, you can use dumplings, as well as boiled dough, where you can add anise or valerian drops, semolina porridge with roasted seeds. They do not open and can stay on the hook long enough.
Bottom fishing for carp is used much more often float analogue. This is because the production is fed from the bottom, but the angler at this time is far away from the place of fishing. It can be not only a feeder but also a special carp Donk.
The plus of carp fishing on the bottom tackle is that with it the prey itself cuts itself. Fisherman in this case has to work hard during the voyage, because it should be lightning fast. It is necessary to make sure that the carp does not go into snags. If this happened, then you should put the tackle on the rack, and then, tapping slowly, wait until the fish emerges.
There is another danger when fishing. When fishing passes near the crook with seashells, then the probability of easy breaking of the line is high. Therefore, you should try to keep the tackle as high as possible. Sazan will resist until the last. Even being already near the podsachka, he can sharply jerk.
When selecting the rods for such a tackle on sazana should pay attention to rigidity. They must withstand even the strongest bites. The test of the rods is up to 100 grams with a length of two and a half to three meters. The coil is also selected with a powerful, with a bytraner. Do not forget about special rod holders, which must also be rigid. The diameter of the leashes of this tackle when fishing carp should be up to 0.25 millimeters. For this representative of carp, it is necessary to select special hooks, in which the stinger and short forearms are turned aside. The float with the sinker must be of a sliding type in order not to exert resistance to the carp. Their color should be brownish-green, so as not to frighten the fish.
"Secret" homemade fishing rods
In addition to classic market, for fishing for experienced anglers use gear and some who have been very successful. However, to buy them in specialized stores impossible. Among these highly effective "homemade" stand out "nipple" and "cake".
The first is a traditional bottom gear, but with a fairly unusual trough. The principle of the "nipples" based on the feeding habits of carp. This fish prefers to suck into your mouth any food objects that are on the bottom surface. "Pacifier", or "smanjuje" make a concave metal plate or tube from PET bottles. On the external side mounted lead weight, and inside in viscous foods hide leashes and hooks. Extraction, found at the bottom of the reservoir mouth-watering food, it begins to actively suck. And with the bait in his mouth and get hooks.
The principle of the "makuhi", or, as it is also called, "makushatnik", is similar to the "pacifier". In this case, there are serious differences in the equipment. As a supplement, the most commonly used is pressed sunflower or hemp cake. Many for catching on standing water bodies use this tackle on carp. The cake, from which a small piece, the size of a matchbox, is made separately, is attached with a thread to a fishing line and a flat sinker. In order to hide the hooks in the pressed "makuh", slots are made in it, and then they are closed with bread crumb or clay. After casting the whole of this construction, the cake is gradually softened. As a result, a fragrant loop is formed. Sazan, having felt the taste of food, swims to the source of the smell. After vigorous absorption of "makuhi" in his mouth, there are also sharp hooks.
Most often, the success of carp fishing is determined by competent equipment and choice of location. Therefore, even for self-made fishing rods you can effectively catch a trophy specimen, the main thing is that they are in the skilled hands of an experienced fisherman.