The market for building materials abounds in diversity. Among the well-established and customary, which were used not for years, but for centuries, of wood, ceramic bricks, and natural stone, there are quite a few modern materials, to which many are wary. Among them it is worth mentioning the white silicate brick. Its active use in construction began in the years of perestroika. And, despite such a solid story, there are still people who doubt the qualitative characteristics of this material.
The weight of the brick. What it depends on, why we need such data
A direct competitor of white was, is and will be a red ceramic brick. How are they different? First of all, they are completely different materials, as a result of which they have different indicators. How much does a red brick weigh from clay? A standard product has an average weight of 3-3.5 kg. This variation is due to production technology. Red brick is burned, and the degree of roasting, as well as the density of the clay, directly affect how much the brick weighs. Such fluctuations often cause some misunderstandings and miscalculations.
People who are not directly involved in construction may not think about the weight of this material. However, this information should be available for several reasons:
- order goods;
Impact of tonnage on transportation of building material
To find out why it is so important to know how much 1 brick weighs, you need to understand that construction assumes scale. For a small one-story brick house you need to order about 50-60 thousand units. Knowing how much a brick weighs (from 3 kg / piece), it can be calculated that the weight of the entire ordered batch will be at least 150 tons. Transportation of such cargo is not easy. For this purpose it is necessary to order specialized trucks. Most often it is "KAMAZ" or "ZIL". For very large orders can use tractors with a trailer. They allow you to carry multi-ton cargo over long distances. It is important to initially correctly calculate the entire amount of material, so as not to spend money twice on payment for delivery.
Factories shipment bricks on pallets. At the same time, for reliability and stability, a batch can be over-tightened with special belts or a film. Such measures contribute to the preservation and minimum brick battle during transportation. According to the legal regulations, it is allowed to use two types of pallets with the possibility of loading up to 750 kg and up to 900 kg. This nuance is important when ordering pallets and their contents. Often the load capacity of the container is not taken into account, and during long-term storage of the brick it may not withstand, as a result of which the material gets wet and destroyed due to contact with the ground, snow, rainwater. To avoid damages, you need to ask the seller what kind of packaging is used, how much a brick weighs, a pallet, fastening elements.
How to avoid cracks and deformations in a brick house?
Creating a project for a house requires an accurate and detailed plan that takes into account in itself such a nuance as the resistance of the foundation to the force of gravity from the box of the house. The enormous load that the foundation is experiencing must be evenly distributed, otherwise the foundation may sink, which will lead to cracks and further destruction of the house. That is why it is important not only to follow the technique of laying and bandaging the seams, but also to take into account how much the building brick, mortar, roofing and finishing materials weigh.
What is silica brick?
We should also talk about how much it weighs a brick white silicate, its advantages and disadvantages, scope.
The silicate brick is the material made of natural raw materials. The basis of its composition may be sand, slag or fly ash with the addition of lime and, in some cases, dye. The dry part is stirred with a small amount of water for the subsequent formation of bricks under the action of steam in an autoclave.
Positive qualities of sand and lime bricks
Advantages of white brick:
- environmental friendliness achieved using only natural materials;
- good sound insulation due to high density level;
- clear lines, smooth corners, smooth material, which makes working with him easier, and the amount of waste smaller
- cost effectiveness (availability of materials makes silicate brick inexpensive);
- variety of choice.
The choice of white brick is really wide. The production technology allows you to create a variety of products that include the ordinary building, facing and decorative bricks. At the same time, there are modifications of corpulent and hollow, as well as different dimensional mesh.
Types and weight of silicate brick
It depends on the size how much a white silicate brick weighs. To make it easier to understand, the data can be organized into a table:
The table shows how much the brick weighs one and a half silicate, double and decorative. Decorative brick is an additional plus of products of this rank, because thanks to it it is possible to significantly diversify the design of the facade of the building. In addition to the textured stone, it is possible to choose different shades of silica brick, which is another quality that positively characterizes this material.
White brick weaknesses
However, despite all the advantages that persuade us to use white brick for building, a few words should be said about its shortcomings.
One of the main, which often becomes a barrier to its use as a primary building material, it is not enough high capacity for heat saving. Ceramic brick is much better maintains the desired temperature inside the house. However, using masonry hollow brick, you can fix this deficiency. Voids in the body of the product creates more power efficient wall. Manufacturers make three types of brick with voids:
The percentage of voids affects how much a white brick weighs and how the wall will keep warm. If during the laying the solution clogs the holes, then, in addition to a greater consumption of cement composition, there will be a clogging of voids. To avoid this effect, experienced foremen advise to choose a brick with smaller holes.
Another disadvantage of silicate brick is its hygroscopicity. The ability to absorb moisture does not allow it to be used for the construction of foundations, finishing basements and rooms with high humidity. For this, a special base brick is best suited.