The market for building materials is full of variety. Among the well-established and habitual, used not for years, but for centuries, wood, ceramic bricks, natural stone - many modern materials, to which many are with caution. Among them, a white silicate brick is worth mentioning separately. His active use in construction began in perestroika years. And, despite such a solid history, there are still people who doubt the qualitative characteristics of this material.
The weight of the brick. What does it depend on, why do we need such data?
Direct competitor of the white was, is and will be red ceramic brick. What are they different? First of all, these are absolutely different materials, so they have different indicators. How much does a red brick made of clay weigh? The standard product has an average weight of 3-3.5 kg. This variation is due to production technology. Red brick is fired, and the degree of roasting, as well as the density of clay, directly affect how much the brick weighs. Such a fluctuation often becomes the cause of some misunderstandings and miscalculations.
People who are not directly involved in construction may not think about the weight of this material. However, this information is worth having for a number of reasons:
- ordering the goods;
Influence of tonnage on transportation of building material
In order to understand why it is so important to know how much one brick weighs, it is necessary to understand that construction implies scale. For a small one-story house of brick, you need to order about 50-60 thousand units. Knowing how much the brick weighs (from 3 kg / piece), you can calculate that the weight of the whole ordered batch will be at least 150 tons. Transportation of such cargo is not an easy matter. For this purpose it is necessary to order specialized trucks. Most often this is "KAMAZ" or "ZIL". For very large orders, tractor-trailers can be used. They allow you to transport multi-ton cargo over long distances. It is important initially to calculate the entire amount of material in order to avoid spending twice on the payment for delivery.
Plants produce brick shipment on pallets. In this case, for reliability and stability, the batch can be pulled by special straps or a film. Such measures contribute to the preservation and minimal bricks during transport. According to the legislation, two types of pallets are allowed with the capacity of loading up to 750 kg and up to 900 kg. This nuance is important when ordering pallets and their contents. Often, the carrying capacity of containers is not taken into account, and with prolonged storage of bricks, it can not withstand, resulting in wetting and destruction of the material due to contact with the ground, snow, rainwater. To avoid losses, you need to ask the seller what kind of packaging is used, how much does the brick, pallet, fixing elements weigh.
How to avoid cracks and deformations in a brick house?
Creating a project for a home requires an accurate and detailed plan that takes into account the nuance of the base's strength of attraction from the box of the house. The colossal load that the ground experiences, should be distributed evenly, otherwise the foundation can sink, which will lead to cracks and further destruction of the house. That is why it is important not only to observe the technique of masonry and bandaging of seams, but also take into account how much brick building, solution, roof and finishing materials weigh.
What is a silicate brick?
We should also talk about how much it weighs a brick white silicate, its advantages and disadvantages, scope.
Silicate brick is a material made from natural raw materials. The basis of its composition can be sand, slag or fly ash with the addition of lime and, in some cases, the dye. The dry part is mixed with a small amount of water for the subsequent formation of bricks under the action of steam in the autoclave.
The positive qualities of bricks made of sand and lime
Pros of white brick:
- ecological compatibility achieved by using only natural materials;
- good sound insulation due to high density level;
- clear lines, smooth corners, smooth material, which makes working with him easier, and the amount of waste smaller
- economy (availability of materials makes silicate brick inexpensive);
- a variety of choices.
The choice of white brick is really wide. Production technology allows you to create a variety of products, which include ordinary construction, facing and decorative bricks. In this case, there are modifications of full and hollow, as well as different dimensional mesh.
Types and weight of silica brick
The size directly depends on how much white brick silicate weighs. To understand it was easier, the data can be systematized in a table:
The table shows how much the brick weighs a silicate one and a half, double and decorative. Decorative brick - this is an additional plus of products of this rank, because it can significantly diversify the design of the facade of the building. In addition to the texture stone, it is possible to choose different shades of silicate brick, which is another quality that positively characterizes this material.
Weak sides of white brick
However, despite all the advantages, persuading to use white brick for construction, we should say a few words about its shortcomings.
One of the main, which often becomes a barrier to its use as a primary building material, it is not enough high capacity for heat saving. Ceramic brick is much better maintains the desired temperature inside the house. However, using masonry hollow brick, you can fix this deficiency. Voids in the body of the product creates more power efficient wall. Manufacturers make three types of brick with voids:
The percentage of voids affects how much the brick weighs white, and how the wall will retain heat. If the mortar clogs the holes during the clutch, then, in addition to the higher consumption of the cement composition, clogging of voids will occur. To avoid this effect, experienced foremen advise choosing a brick with smaller holes.
Another disadvantage of silica brick is its hygroscopicity. The ability to absorb moisture does not allow using it to build foundations, finish basements and rooms with high humidity. For this purpose, a special socle brick is best suited.