Milk is a storehouse of beneficial vitamins, minerals and trace elements. The most affordable for the consumer is cow's milk. It has long been mined on an industrial scale. Have you ever wondered how much milk a cow gives per day. The answer may surprise you.
When does a cow get milk?
A cow will be able to please you with milk only after it reaches puberty. By half a year, the reproductive system of the heifer is ready for conception. But at such an early age, a cow is not yet able to bear healthy and strong offspring. Therefore, insemination lay up to 1.5-2 years. By this time, the animal was already fully formed and reached the body weight necessary for carrying the calf.
After the cow endures and gives birth to its first cub, she will need to feed him. From this moment begins the lactation period of the female. The calf will sooner or later switch to adult feed, after which the cow will need to be milked regularly. Otherwise, lactation will fade away and will not recover until the next calving.
How long can a cow give milk without a calf?
On average, the lactation period of a cow lasts about a year. The animal most valuable and useful in its composition is produced in the first months after calving. The more time passes after delivery, the less nutrients in milk. Therefore, the cow needs to be inseminated every year. Also, the animal needs time to rest. Deadwood should last about 1.5-2 months. During this time, the cow will gain strength and energy, which she can direct to the carrying of the next offspring.
What does the amount of milk depend on?
On the question of how much a cow gives milk per day, there is no definite answer. Many factors affect milk production:
- Breed. There are "meat" and "dairy" varieties of cows.
- Age. The more years the cow, the more milk it begins to produce.
- Nutrition. Variety in the diet of the animal has a beneficial effect on milk production.
- Health. Lactation begins to fade if the cow is sick. Therefore, you need to systematically show it to the vet.
- Season. If the calving occurred in the autumn-winter period, the milk production is 10% more than in the spring-summer.
The main breed of cows
Dairy breeds of cows give larger volumes than meat. How much does an Ayrshire cow give milk per day? Its volume is incomparable with the performance of the Hereford breed. There are three types of cows:
There are a lot of dairy breeds of cows. These little girls tirelessly set records for milk production. The most popular ones are:
Average daily milk yield of common breeds
Daily milk yield depends on many factors, as noted earlier. But there is a certain period when lactation is at the peak of its capabilities. So how much milk does a cow give per day? Average yields (provided that the lactation period is 10 months) can be found in the table below.
In the period between calving and the next pregnancy, milk production exceeds the average daily rate.
How much milk does a cow give in summer?
The diet of the cows in the spring-summer period is more diverse than in the autumn-winter. Does this fact affect how much milk a cow gives a day in the summer? In fact, the diet of the cows affects only the fat content of milk. The more varied the food of a cow, the more useful vitamins and minerals are contained in milk. The quantity is affected only by how much time has passed after calving.
How much milk a cow gives per day: the norm and records
Primipara Buren gives about 8-9 liters per day of a useful product. During subsequent lactation cycles, production increases to 15–40 l / day. If an adult buren gives less than 10 liters of milk yield, then you need to contact a veterinarian. Perhaps she is sick.
How to choose a dairy cow?
Now you know how much milk a cow gives per day. In order for the product volumes to tirelessly delight and surprise you, you need to take a responsible approach to the choice of animal. Note the following specifications:
- Udder. A big udder cow is more productive. Also plus will be well viewed thick and large veins.
- Legs. The limbs of an animal must be strong. Before you buy a little go ahead with the cow. The gait should be firm, firm, and legs straight.
- Chest. It should be wide and deep. It is unacceptable that it was lowered 10-15 cm below the elbow.
- Belly. Please note that the belly of the cow was not sagging. This suggests improper animal care.
- The ribs. The distance between them indicates the state of the respiratory system. If the ribs are located close to each other, this means that the cow has small and poorly developed lungs.
- Head. The shape of the skull of a good milk cow should be elongated. It is also desirable that the horns of the animal were small and thin.
- Tail. Its base should be thin. If the tail has a wide base, then this indicates a gross body of the animal.
Age is of great importance. Do not take too adult cows. After 8-9 calving, cow productivity is significantly reduced. Therefore, the indicator (how much a cow gives milk per day) will differ significantly from the average figures.