Milk is a storehouse of useful vitamins, minerals and trace elements. The most accessible to the consumer is cow's milk. It has long been mined on an industrial scale. Have you ever wondered how much milk a cow produces per day. The answer may surprise you.
When does the cow have milk?
The cow will be able to please you with milk only after it reaches puberty. By the half-year, the reproductive system of the calf is ready for conception. But at such an early age the cow is not yet able to endure a healthy and strong offspring. Therefore, insemination is postponed to 1.5-2 years. By this time, the animal was already fully formed and reached the body weight necessary for the calf to bear.
After the cow takes out and gives birth to her first baby, she will need to feed him. It is from this moment begins the lactation period of the female. The calf will sooner or later pass to the adult forage, after which the cow will need to milk regularly. Otherwise, lactation will fade and not recover until the next calving.
How long has a cow been able to give milk without a calf?
On average, the cow's lactation period lasts about a year. The most valuable and useful product in its composition, the animal produces in the first months after calving. The more time passes after childbirth, the less in nutrients milk. Therefore, the cow needs to be inseminated every year. The animal also needs time to rest. Dry should last about 1.5-2 months. During this time, the cow will gain strength and energy, which it can send to bear the next litter.
What determines the amount of milk?
On the question of how much a cow gives milk per day, there is no single answer. The milk production is influenced by many factors:
- Breed. There are "meat" and "milk" varieties of cows.
- Age. The more years the cow, the more milk it begins to produce.
- Food. Diversity in the diet of an animal has a beneficial effect on the production of milk.
- Health. Lactation begins to fade if the cow is sick. Therefore, you need to systematically show it to a vet.
- Season. If the calving occurred in the autumn-winter period, the milk production is 10% more than in the spring-summer period.
The main breed of cows
Dairy breeds of cows give larger volumes than meat. How much does the Ayrshire cow give milk per day? Its volume is incomparable with the productivity of the Hereford breed. Cows are of three types:
Dairy breeds of cows are quite a lot. These little heifers tirelessly set records for the production of milk. The most popular of them are:
Average daily milk yield of common breeds
Daily milk yield depends on many factors, as already noted earlier. But there is a certain period when lactation is at the peak of its capabilities. So how much milk does the cow give per day? Average milk yields (provided that the lactation period is 10 months) can be found in the table below.
In the period between calving and the next pregnancy, milk production rates exceed the average daily rate.
How much milk does a cow give in summer?
Diet in the spring-summer period is more diverse than in autumn-winter. Does this fact affect how much milk a cow produces per day in the summer? In fact, the nutritional diet of the boron affects only the fat content of the milk. The more diverse the cows eat, the more useful vitamins and minerals are found in milk. The number is affected only by how much time passed after calving.
How much milk gives a cow a day: the norm and the records
Priming drill gives about 8-9 liters per day of a useful product. With subsequent lactation cycles, production increases to 15-40 l / day. If an adult drill gives less than 10 liters of milk, then you need to contact the veterinarian. Perhaps she is sick.
How to choose a dairy cow?
Now you know how much milk a cow produces per day. To the volume of the product you are relentlessly pleased and surprised, you need to responsibly approach the choice of the animal. Pay attention to the following characteristics:
- Udder. A cow with a large udder is more productive. Also a plus are well-visible thick and large veins.
- Legs. The limbs in an animal should be strong. Before buying, go forward a little with the cow. The gait should be confident, firm, and the legs straight.
- Chest. It should be broad and deep. It is inadmissible that it is dropped 10-15 cm below the elbow.
- Belly. Pay attention to the fact that the belly of the cow is not saggy. This indicates the wrong care of the animal.
- Ribs. The distance between them indicates the state of the respiratory system. If the ribs are located close to each other, this means that the cow has small and poorly developed lungs.
- Head. The shape of the skull of a good milk drill should be elongated. It is also desirable that the animal's horns be small and thin.
- Tail. Its foundation must be thin. If the tail has a wide base, then this indicates a crude constitution of the animal.
Of great importance is age. You should not take an adult burenku too. After 8-9 calving the cow's productivity is significantly reduced. Therefore, the indicator (how much the cow gives milk per day) will differ significantly from the average figures.