You are able to examine the cat's body is divided into conditional anatomical region. These parts include the extremities, the head, tail, torso and neck. Animal bones are distinguished by their density. At the same time they are very plastic, which gives the body flexibility. Next, let's consider more the skeleton of the cat: structure and characteristics of the location and connection of its bones.
What is the anatomy of the skeleton of a cat? As was said above, the body of the animal is divided into region. In the head, face and skull. The latter is present in the anterior part of crown, nape, forehead, temple. In the face of different maxillary, buccal, orbital, oral, buccal and nasal region. The neck of the cat runs from the occiput to scapula. In the body secrete the chest with a corresponding cavity, back. Chest located the mammary glands. The back is divided into two the vertebral region. One breast, the second interscapular. The last on the left, in the area of the elbow, there is a heart piece. In the stomach secrete the posterior, middle and anterior region. The first is present inguinal and pubic segments. The stomach passes into the pelvic area. It includes the sciatic, gluteal and sacral parts. The limbs of the animal are divided into pelvic and thoracic. On your toes cats claws are retractable. Animal comes on the lower part of the pads.
The structure of the skeletal system of the animal has a number of features. They, in particular, manifested in the location and shape of the segments. The skeleton cats and dogs has a certain similarity. However, first it includes more segments, which gives it a flexibility. A special arrangement and shape of the bones due to the horizontal location of the spine and adaptation of the organs of the animal to the appropriate way of life. The spine is mobility and flexibility. It includes 244 bones. This 40 segments more than others.
The skeleton of a cat, a photo of which is presented in the article, includes 7 large cervical vertebrae. They keep the head and the mobility of the neck. To this end, the coupling segments is of particular elasticity. The first cervical vertebra is called the Atlas, a second – axis. These segments are connected to each other through a very thin finger-shaped process. In the case of a wrong landing can break it, which, consequently, will lead to a broken neck. In this regard, it is not recommended to use in this part of the torso strap. Skeleton (a cat, though flexible animal, but still small), despite its ductility, consists of small and in some places fragile segments. Under normal conditions neck is not exposed to any special risk. Not dangerous and flea collar.
Skeleton (cat). Thoracic department
This part included thirteen vertebrae, joined by twelve bilateral rib bones. Towards the tail they are longer. The first eight rib pairs are called true. They are fastened to the bone of the sternum. The other, “false” ribs, are presented in the form of arcs. The thorax has a conical shape.
In a skeleton of a cat includes 7 vertebrae with enlargement towards the tail. These segments have large protrusions on the sides. To them are attached muscles, which, in turn, provide the maintenance not only of the muscles of the hind limbs but also internal organs within the peritoneum. The skeleton of a cat gaining flexibility primarily through the lumbar spine.
In this part of the skeleton of the cat consists of three large conjoined with each other segments. This Department is radically different from the lumbar. If the latter is characteristic of high flexibility, the sacrum bone is connected fixedly and rigidly. This is due to the fact that it is attached to the belt of the hind feet. They bear the entire burden, especially when jumping.
The vertebrae that make up the skeleton of a cat in this part, play a key role in coordinating the movements of the animal. The number of segments that can be from 19 to 38. Due to the rolling and elastic tail, the animal maintains balance when jumping and falling from heights. In addition, the position of this torso, the owners can determine the mood of your pet.
It has its own specifics. Of great importance in cushioning jumping has a flexible joint of the forelimbs. The clavicle of a cat called “floating”. This is because it is not attached to the shoulder joint. Collarbone is located freely inside the muscles. This allows to expand the range of motion of the shoulders. Therefore, cats can squeeze through the narrow hole or move on a thin ledge. When an animal sneaks up on the prey, the blades descend and ascend. Their back and head remain practically at the same level. Unlike human vanes, the cat they were moving forward and back even when the animal runs.
We have considered above the upper region constituting the skeleton. Cat paws in the front different from the rear. As was said above, she moved on his fingers. The hind limbs can be seen in the heel. It may seem that this knee. But it is at the level of the lower abdomen. The fore limbs with five fingers. In this fifth much shorter and not touching the surface while walking. The last phalanx in each finger acts as a base for the claw. He is drawn into the pad by means of special cords. It is missing only on the first finger. It acts as a rudiment and growing separately. The claw on it is not removed. The hind legs, unlike the front, rather rigidly attached to the sacrum. The bones in this part are stronger and have a greater length. The back paws have 4 fingers. Here the fifth finger, which is present on the front legs, presented in the form of skin protrusion. The body weight of the animal is distributed evenly on the entire foot hind legs. Like other mammals, the knees bend forward and your elbows back. A distinctive feature of the forelimbs are also rotating wrist.
The appearance of the jaw of the animal is always showing the method of its supply. Such predatory species, like cats, have kinzhaloobraznye corner teeth. With their help animal can grasp the struggling victim firmly to hold her back. They are also referred to as teeth for catching. Indigenous elements of the jaw are intended for butchering meat. These teeth are jagged and sharp. On the jaws there are also “specialized” tools. As they are the teeth for biting. This is the last segment in the upper jaw on both sides and the first root element at the bottom (also on both sides). Their prey is captured both top and bottom like a knife, sharpened with a triangle. While the meat is cut into pieces with scissors. Accordingly, production bones will break easily. When taking food a cat almost never uses the six incisors. Only, perhaps, their work is cutting off the remnants of meat from the thick bone. However, the cutters are very actively involved in the care of the hair and skin. These elements allow you to suck it up foreign spots, including the dirt from the feet. Also these teeth animal uses for getting rid of fleas.