Syndrome sudecka a dangerous condition that can occur after a trauma of a limb. In order to avoid complications, you need time to detect the symptoms of this syndrome and to seek medical attention. In this article we will examine this disease. In addition to symptom descriptions, we will talk about the causes of the syndrome sudaka and treatment. Interested? Then read this article.
Syndrome was first sudaka was introduced in 1900. Then the famous German surgeon P. Soudek presented a clear description of the radiographic features (specifically, the transparency of the bone of the figure) that occurred in certain inflammatory reactions with joints and bone tissue (it came very fast atrophy). Thus Sudek was able to prove that the leading role played by the violation of local vegetative reactions. Due to this discovery the world of orthopedics and traumatology significantly transformed.
The emergence of Zudeck's syndrome
As mentioned above, the main cause of the disease — limb injuries, which are accompanied by various disorders trophic and vasomotor nature. Quite often a cause of the syndrome sudecka is wrong or simply incorrect treatment of damaged bones, banal ignorance of the basics of rehabilitation of bone tissue, improper immobilization (fixing bones in a fixed position), etc. After the process of immobilization of aggravating factors could be various hot treatments and the so-called corneous rehabilitation, which is carried out by means of passive movements and massage Amateur.
Also there is a natural link between a broken bone and the possibility to sudaca syndrome. After fracture of the radial bone of the arm, for example, the probability of acquiring this disease is somewhere around 60%. In addition, quite often the causative agent of the syndrome sudaca can become a disease of the spine.
Syndrome Zudeka: symptoms
The development of symptoms in the syndrome of Zudeck occurs in three main stages:
- The first stage. Initially, the skin appears a slight swelling and redness. Patient concerned about pain in the injured area. The brush, in turn, has limited mobility, and the skin around it is hot to the touch. As a rule, most people ignore the above and consider them to be quite natural after a trauma.
- The second stage. Swelling begins to increase, and the skin takes on a characteristic bluish tint. Appear muscle spasms, increased muscle tone. Gradually atrophies muscle tissue and skin. From this stage on x-ray can clearly see the specific spots that are located near the bones.
- The third stage. Muscle and skin begin to atrophy faster, resulting in bone thinning. The limb loses its mobility, and the pain begins to increase and becomes trudovikov. At this stage, the disease has already become chronic.
Diagnosis of the syndrome sudeki is based on evaluation of clinical symptoms. In addition, taken into account the additional procedures. When x-rays of the problematic bones very clearly defined osteoporosis bone and ankylosis of the joints. This allows us to diagnose the syndrome sudecka with absolute certainty. Also often resort to testing the imager. It determines the temperature difference between the tissues. So find out at what stage is the disease. In addition, the doctor may prescribe ultrasound diagnostics. It allows you to learn more about the condition of the blood vessels in the damaged region. With this information, the doctor can prescribe more accurate treatment.
Syndrome Zudeka: treatment
Treatment is assigned on the basis of completed research. Syndrome sudaka lends itself well to relief on the first and second stage. For treatment it is necessary to carry out anesthetic and medical therapy. The second involves taking B vitamins, vasodilators and muscle relaxants (drugs that are designed to relax muscle tissue). In special cases, may require surgical intervention.
For the third stage of the disease characterized by a decrease in the size of the brush (atrophy). Atrophy irreversibly affects the tissues and joints, so even after treatment of the syndrome sudaka may receive a syndrome of degeneration of the brush. In this case, in addition to the standard medical treatment of the patient in addition receives special exercises, massage treatment and special physiotherapy. All these procedures not only help to cure the syndrome sudeki, but also to carry out prevention.
However, it is worth remembering that reliable prevention of this disease simply does not exist. Therefore, in order to avoid the aggravation of the syndrome sudaka, care must be taken to injury of the brush. And in the case of the slightest suspicion of aggravation as soon as possible to consult your doctor. To avoid the relapse will only help proper and timely treatment.