Quite often, parents notice how their child gets fussy while eating or completely refuses to accept looking for. It is understood that often the reason for this behavior is stomatitis, which affects the mouth.
When there are symptoms of stomatitis in a child, it tells about the development of an infectious disease that affects the mucous membrane of the oral cavity. No fatal processes when such a problem should not wait, but the disease can be described as very unpleasant. In most cases it is recorded among children aged 1 to 5 years.
It is important to understand that the causative agents may be different, so for extremely fast and effective treatment of the child it is better to consult the doctor.
Causes of stomatitis
The disease can have multiple types, and each of them develops under the influence of specific infection. As a key factor which determines the possible progression of the disease, discusses the state of the immune system of the child. Considerable importance is the device of the lining of the mouth. Because in children the mucous membrane is thin and delicate, it is easily susceptible to minor wounds that can get infected. If the immune system is weak, the body is not able to resist the pathogen, so that there are the first symptoms of stomatitis in a child.
But the mouth still has protective mechanism, which in some cases is able to prevent infection. We are talking about saliva. And if you pay attention to children aged from 3 months to a year, you will notice that they present profuse salivation. However, due to the lack of certain enzymes during the formation of the body, such natural protection is not always able to neutralize the infection.
What are the symptoms of stomatitis in a child
As mentioned above, this disease can develop because of exposure to various pathogens. As example, viral stomatitis, among which the most common herpes. The danger of this disease is that 10% of those who suffer from this disease developing chronic form.
As for the manifestations of herpes virus, they are quite diverse. The impact of this pathogen can spread to various organs, sexual and other systems.
Considering herpetic stomatitis in children, the following symptoms can be identified:
– enlarged lymph nodes
- redness appears, small sores in the mouth and some painful blisters;
- The oral mucosa is swollen and the gums are inflamed;
- The child has a fever, and he also becomes moody and lethargic.
Understand the subject “Viral stomatitis in children, symptoms and treatment”, it should be noted that for high severity of this type of stomatitis is an increase in cervical and submandibular lymph nodes, headache, chills, weakness, nausea, inflammation of the oral mucosa and swelling of the gums. Cheeks, language, lips and oral mucosa sometimes a rash. All these symptoms are accompanied by fever.
Studying viral stomatitis in children, symptoms and treatment of this disease, it is worth considering that in the advanced stages of the disease triggered by the hepatitis signs of infection change. There is severe headache and muscle pain, and body temperature becomes critically high. The child suffers from nausea, vomiting, and painful skin erosions and vesicles, spreading around the mouth, eyelids and nose. In this disrupted heart rhythm and increased blood pressure. This condition is supplemented by the signs of intoxication and severe General condition. In some cases the viscosity of saliva.
The good news is that the severe form of herpetic stomatitis in children is rare. With a moderate stage of the disease, even bleeding from the nose is possible.
How to treat the disease
So, herpetic stomatitis how to treat the child? Symptoms very important to know. If you notice signs of intoxication, the child needs to drink more water. Along the way, is to actively bring the temperature down. When there is a severe form of the disease, it is necessary to place a child for inpatient treatment. Doctors usually prescribe symptomatic therapy to eliminate pain. For the prevention of disease and strengthen the body prescribed vitamins and adjuvants (in particular, a good result shows “Immunal”). As prophylaxis prescribe a course of the drug “Acyclovir”.
As for the food, then removed from the diet of canned, salted and acidic foods. Under the special prohibition in this case are citrus.
Features of local treatment
Effect on the cold sores includes treatment with propolis, because it has strong antiseptic and anti-inflammatory. Studying the features of a disease such as herpetic stomatitis in children, symptoms and treatment and prevention of this disease need to pay attention to herbs that can relieve inflammation of the mouth. For cooking trays used sage, chamomile, oak bark and other ingredients. To treat the rash and rinse your mouth carefully, as the child may experience pain from such actions.
For the treatment of herpetic stomatitis is used a tool such as oxolinic ointment. As for the dosage of this drug, it is adjusted individually by the attending physician. In most cases for effective treatment of the rash should be lubricated 3-4 times a day.
To get the full restorative effect, you must use the vitamin A, rosehip and sea buckthorn oil.
Aphthous stomatitis in children – symptoms and treatment
As for the causes of this disease, the doctors haven't come to a consensus in this question. But one of the most popular positions is that aphthous stomatitis is a consequence of disruption of the gastrointestinal tract. In most cases, it manifests itself in school-age children. In the younger age group, this disease is recorded much less frequently.
The symptoms of aphthous stomatitis in children, as a rule, are reduced to the appearance of ulcers, the form of which resembles the rash of herpetic form of this disease. The shape of the ulcers may be round or oval, bright red bottom is smooth and the edges smooth. The most common sites of localization are cheeks and lips.
In the development process of the sores these sores are covered by a muddy film, which later breaks. Complications are possible in case of exposure to secondary infection. The child begins to act up, becomes drowsy and loses appetite. In some cases, there may be temperature changes, but this happens infrequently.
How is aphthous stomatitis treated
In this form of the rash you should consult a gastroenterologist, a dentist and an allergist. If a key cause of painful symptoms is an allergic reaction, the treatment process, the emphasis is on the identification of the allergen and the formation of protection. In some cases, the development of the disease provoke disorders in the gastrointestinal tract. Then the treatment will be focused on the neutralization of the root causes of stomatitis.
When it comes to the disease such as aphthous stomatitis in children, symptoms and treatment must be determined by a qualified technician. Otherwise the possible complications. Indeed, in some cases to effectively influence the disease may need antihistamines and antibiotics, whose use must be really important.
As in the case of other forms of stomatitis, when the temperature rises, means are given to reduce it and a certain diet is prescribed.
In order to choose the right antiseptics, allowing to treat the rash, it is better to consult a dentist. The following condition is very important: the antiseptic should not irritate the mucous membrane.
When the stomatitis in a child (3 years) the symptoms do not give such strong as before, and in General, the disease begins to fade, the doctor prescribes the means of restoring the mucous membrane of the oral cavity.
If you pay attention to the most common diseases in infants, it is necessary to highlight the oral candidiasis because it occurs most often. The essence of this dental disease is reduced to the penetration of the mouth of the infection of the pathogen called Candida.
Studying stomatitis in children, symptoms and treatment of this disease and the ways of infection, it should be noted that this form can be transmitted to the baby during pregnancy. Another way of getting infection in the mouth baby – physical contact is when mothers kiss their child. The fungus, while in the passive stage, is transmitted from parents to children. We should not exclude breastfeeding or formula feeding.
In this case, the problem boils down to the fact that the parents of the fungus, as a rule, is passive and, therefore, does not manifest itself. But when the infection gets into the forming body of the child, the baby's immunity is not able to resist the pathogen and begins to progress such diseases as stomatitis. In 3-month-old baby, symptoms develop suddenly for the reasons described above.
This disease is able to progress on the background of weakened by another disease condition of the body. If the child is premature or born at low weight, it is also susceptible to infection.
Oral thrush can be divided into chronic and acute. In most cases, children develop the second form, which can occur in mild, moderate and severe stages.
The symptoms of thrush
At first the infection may not have visible manifestations. But later the child starts to feel the burning sensation in the mouth, itching and excessive dryness. The symptoms of stomatitis in a child at an early age can emerge through a refusal to eat, and have school-age children – using bad breath. Moreover, the food ceases to be tasty.
Another characteristic feature of stomatitis in children is the formation of plaque on the oral mucosa, and in most cases, a dirty-gray or white. Regarding the form of plaque, it is similar to cottage cheese or curdled milk. In the process of reproduction of the fungus plaque takes the form of a film on the inside of the lips, closing the teeth, cheeks and gums. In some cases, it can even occur on the tongue. In the end, the redness covers the whole of the mucosa, reaching the posterior pharyngeal wall.
It should be noted that in this form of the disease the temperature rises, the level of which depends largely on the severity of the disease. With significant progression of disease may increase lymph nodes.
Light phase can be identified by the red color of the mucosa, which is visible under the touch. In that case, if the disease moved to the moderate or severe stage, in the plaque, which becomes yellowish-gray shade, you will see strands of fibrin. This plaque is difficult to remove and for this reason it is often removed only partially. In this case the mucous membrane beneath it begins to swell and bleed.
The symptoms of stomatitis in infants is quite heavy. Those who have reached the age of 5 years and older, this disease is less painful. To cure oral thrush in a child can be, and is not present special difficulties. But there is always a risk of development of chronic forms of the disease.
Also stomatitis on this form may lead to serious complication in babies whose body is still weak. We are talking about the spread of the fungus throughout the body. This contributes to the spread of infection through the lymph and blood. As for adolescence, stomatitis sometimes moves to the genitals.
When such a problem, like oral thrush in children, symptoms can occur occasionally even after successful treatment. In this case it makes sense to check the child for diseases such as leukemia, diabetes, HIV and others. As another negative impact of thrush on baby, you can determine the lack of appetite, due to lesions of the oral cavity. It is fraught repenomamus physical development of the baby.
Sometimes candidiasis may resemble the usual coated tongue. But it is worth remembering that oblojennosti the child does not lose the desire to eat. Sensations of itching, burning and temperature rise are also absent. Pseudomycelia and the presence of the fungus in a child revealed by scraping the tongue.
When developing such a stomatitis in a child (2 years) symptoms neytralizuya standard methods: to strengthen the body prescribed vitamin complexes, and the high temperature break through fever-reducing medications. Also made a correction power, the purpose of which is to reduce the amount of carbohydrate.
When it comes to local treatment, topical is the formation of alkaline PH. This is important for the reason that alkaline environment slows the growth of microorganisms and contributes ultimately to their death.
To create such conditions through the solution, which is based on soda. To do this in a glass of water dissolve a tablespoon of soda, which, if necessary, you can replace the two-percent solution of boric acid. To enhance the effect is to use aniline dyes. To handle their oral cavity from 5 to 6 times a day.
It is important to ensure that the formulations applied were in close contact with the gums and the cheeks. This recommendation is due to the fact that the majority of pathogenic organisms accumulates at the necks of the teeth.
The symptoms of stomatitis in a child can be neutralized with a solution of "Candide", which destroys the cell wall of the fungus. Doctors recommend the use of this solution for 10 days.
During treatment, adolescents often use "Diflucan". The dosage is assigned individually.
Ulcerative-necrotic stomatitis, acute form
In this form of the disease the sensation of pain appears suddenly and is accompanied by bleeding gums when brushing your teeth. Themselves gums become bright red color. Also fixed the extensive erosion which is covered with yellow-gray patina. Lets you know about yourself the intoxication of the organism and the temperature increases.
Nutrition becomes a problematic process for a child, since any movement of the tongue causes pain, as does swallowing.
As for treatment it includes treatment of the affected areas of the oral cavity with antiseptics, use of antibiotics with broad spectrum of action, and constant rinsing. To reduce allergic reaction to the microbes and the toxins they produce, apply the desensitizing agent ("Tavegil", "Suprastin").
When the acute phase subsides, removes plaque, which managed to accumulate on the teeth due to the disease. Since the main cause of infection is the weak immune system in children after the disease will be neutralized, it is important to practice preventive measures. We are talking about a General strengthening of the body by means of hardening, improving the diet, exercise, etc. Causes of recurrence can be bad oral hygiene and weakening of the child's body.
When developing stomatitis in a child symptoms (photo of symptoms of the disease are available in the overview) can be the consequence of various processes. And in some cases they are a reaction to a particular allergen, which may be, for example, toothpaste, candy, contain a lot of artificial colors and flavors, or record to correct the bite.
To understand that has started an allergic reaction, the formation of swelling and redness of the mucous membrane of the oral cavity. Also there is a feeling of burning pain and itching, and in some cases blisters and bubbles. In most cases, the allergen reacts with the mucosa of the cheek, palate and the back of the tongue.
The essence of treatment for this form of stomatitis is to use anti-Allergy drugs ("Sitrak", "Zodak") and to isolate the body from the allergen. Also treated with antiseptics to the mucous membrane.
Stomatitis is a rather common disease. And this sometimes leads parents to believe that they themselves are able to cope with this problem. But this view is mistaken. Based on the above material, you may notice that stomatitis have different forms and are not always treated equally. For this reason, at the first sign of lesions of the mucous membrane of the mouth, the child should lead to the doctor, where he will host a professional diagnosis. In the end, will be composed of competent treatment, which will bring the maximum results.
Thus, we should not ignore the symptoms as a disease (complaints of pain while eating, redness mucosa, etc.), and qualified treatment.