Woodworking is often used when performing installation work or facing surfaces. Especially when creating decorative coatings it is important to ensure its smoothness, eliminating any defects in the form of cracks, dents and cuts. When it comes to concrete or metal surfaces, it is difficult to restrict the usual sealing. However, for wood that does not take on high mechanical stress, such an output is quite suitable. In particular, the putty for wood, provided that a competent choice is made, allows the material structure to be kept in an optimal state, giving the surface a pleasant appearance. There are different compositions of such putty, which can be used both in outdoor work and in interior decoration.
Putties for interior works
For this area of finishing works, it is worth looking at polymer, oil-glue, latex and acrylic compositions. Polymeric means are usually used to seal cracks in the wood that formed during the action of water. Oil-glue putty for wood for internal works includes acrylate additives, water with linseed oil, and also plasticizers. With its help, you can level the surface of walls or ceiling. Latex based formulations have a similar set of components, but also include calcite filler. The purpose is approximately the same as for oil-glue grouts.
Acrylic putty on wood for interior works refers to leveling solutions and is applied in thin layers. With a neat grinding condition, you can get a very aesthetic surface without the need for additional design.
Putties for external works
The main requirement when choosing such a tool should be water resistance. This quality makes it possible to use wood materials even in open areas. We can say that they provide a protective function against the effects of moisture and water. For these purposes, acrylic putty on wood for exterior work, with which usually form the facades, can be used. This product features high strength, abrasion resistance and deformation processes. In addition, it is convenient to apply and process by grinding.
Oily formulations can also be used for outdoor finishing. A standard set of their components includes linseed oil (natural), desiccants and chalk. But it is important to consider that such a putty on wood for outdoor works is used only as a preparatory layer. After its application, the material should be treated by staining (as a rule, water-dispersion enamels and paints are used).
Means that can be used both indoors and outdoors are less common. Usually this quality characterizes plasters for concrete and bricks. But in the case of wood, you can find decent analogues. When choosing such formulations, attention should be paid to the presence of a water repellent effect, high adhesion and strength. Universal plaster for wood can be both oily and water-based - the main thing is that it does not crumble and has plasticity. Another important quality of such solutions is the antifreeze effect, which does not allow the coating to crack under extreme cold conditions.
Reviews of manufacturers
The choice of putty on the Russian market is quite diverse, including in the wood products segment. Start the review is with the manufacturers of "Lark" and "Re-fayn", which offer compositions of both specialized and universal applications. Users note a wide range of textural properties of such solutions. In particular, under the brand name "Re-Fain" comes putty under the tree, capable of giving the surface texture of different types of wood. Concerning the French manufacturer Semin, buyers note the high quality of the structure of the elastic putty. It forms a durable coating with increased adhesion. About the excellent work of the composition with pores and wood fibers testify also to the reviews about the putty Famowood. However, the cost of such funds is quite high, and budget analogues do not allow to achieve the same quality.
Compositions for coating the wood floor
Although the work with floor coverings is internal and does not involve the use of formulations with improved characteristics, as with external finishing, in this case the material will be abrasion. Accordingly, it requires a putty for wood, resistant to mechanical stress. The best option for solving this problem is acrylic composition. It will effectively cope with the imposition of defects, level the floor, and during operation it will not deform under the influence of elevated temperatures.
You can use long-lasting oil solutions, which also have strength and long service. But such a putty for a tree takes time to freeze, which is inconvenient, if repairs need to be carried out without delay. In this regard, it is better to prefer polymer analogs that quickly dry and qualitatively eliminate the defects of the floor.
Recommendations for application
Before using the product the surface should be cleaned. And dirt removal is not enough. Especially if you plan to work with old wood, it is recommended to use sandpaper, which will remove loose particles and fibers. Usually plaster on wood with his own hands laid in several layers. But it is important to note that each subsequent layer should be applied on the dried previous coating. The stacking is performed with a spatula, is used to secure and align the masses. When the final coat dries, you can start grinding the same sandpaper. If you plan further work on the design of the cover, again dust off the surface with a cleaner.
Many are skeptical of the use of plasters for wood, believing that their function can be done with paints and enamels with similar properties. But this is not so. If you look at what putty on wood are represented in the modern market, the benefits from their use will be obvious. First of all, they form a permanent protective coating, which is not capable of providing any paint and varnish composition. Priming function, leveling of high-altitude differences and strengthening of the structure are the list of the main tasks that such filler performs. In addition, some varieties of funds can replace the decorative coating. It is worth remembering about the series, which allow imitating a natural wood texture. As a result, with their help, two goals are achieved: the formation of a durable base and the decoration of the surface.