When performing installation work or surface cladding, wood is often used. Especially when creating decorative coatings, it is important to ensure its smoothness, eliminating any defects in the form of cracks, dents and cuts. When it comes to concrete or metal surfaces, it is difficult to limit the usual embedding. However, for wood that will not take on high mechanical stress, this output is quite suitable. In particular, putty for wood, provided that it is properly selected, allows the material structure to be kept in optimal condition, giving the surface a pleasant look. There are various compositions of such putties that can be used both in exterior works and in interior decoration.
Putty for interior work
For this area of finishing work, you should take a closer look at polymer, oil-adhesive, latex and acrylic compositions. Polymeric products are usually used to seal cracks in wood that were formed during exposure to water. Oil-glue putty for wood for interior use includes acrylate additives, water with drying oil, as well as plasticizers. It can be used to level the surface of the walls or ceiling. Latex-based formulations have a similar set of components, but also include calcite filler. Appointment is about the same as that of oil-adhesive grout.
Acrylic wood putty for interior work is a leveling mortar and is applied in thin layers. With careful grinding, you can get a very aesthetic surface without the need for additional decoration.
Putty for external work
The main requirement when choosing such a tool should be water resistance. This quality allows the use of wood materials even in open areas. It can be said that they provide a protective function against moisture and water. For these purposes, acrylic putty for wood can be used for outdoor work, with which facades are usually drawn up. This tool is distinguished by high strength, resistance to abrasion and deformation processes. In addition, it is convenient to apply and process by grinding.
Oil formulations can also be used when finishing outdoors. The standard set of their components includes linseed oil (natural), dryers and chalk. But it is important to bear in mind that such putty on wood for outdoor work is used only as a preparatory layer. After its application, the material should be processed by dyeing (as a rule, water-dispersion enamels and paints are used).
Means that can be used both indoors and outdoors are less common. Typically, this quality characterizes the plaster for concrete and bricks. But in the case of wood, you can find decent counterparts. When choosing such compounds should pay attention to the presence of water-repellent effect, high adhesion and strength. Universal wood putty can be both oil and water based - the main thing is that it does not crumble and have plasticity. Another important quality of such solutions is the anti-frost effect, which does not allow the coating to crack in conditions of extreme cold.
The choice of putty on the Russian market is quite diverse, including in the segment of wood products. It’s worth starting a review with the Lark and Re-Fain manufacturers, which offer both specialized and universal formulations. Users note a wide range of textural properties of such solutions. In particular, under the brand "Re-fayn" goes putty under the tree, capable of endowing the surface with the texture of various types of wood. Regarding the French manufacturer Semin, buyers note the high quality of the structure of elastic putty. It forms a durable coating with increased adhesion. On the excellent work of the composition with pores and fibers of wood testify and reviews about the putty Famowood. However, the cost of such funds is quite high, and budget analogs do not allow achieving the same quality.
Wood Floor Coatings
Although works with floor coverings are internal and do not involve the use of compositions with improved characteristics, as with the exterior, in this case the material will be subject to abrasion. Accordingly, wood putty, resistant to mechanical stress, is required. The best option for solving this problem is acrylic composition. It will effectively cope with the sealing of defects, level the floor, and during operation it will not be deformed under the influence of elevated temperatures.
You can use durable oil solutions, which also have the strength and long serve. But such a putty for wood takes time to harden, which is inconvenient if repairs need to be carried out without delay. In this regard, it is better to prefer polymer counterparts, which dry quickly and qualitatively eliminate floor defects.
Recommendations for application
Before using the product the surface should be cleaned. And dirt removal is not enough. Especially if you plan to work with old wood, it is recommended to use sandpaper, which will remove loose particles and fibers. Usually plaster on wood with his own hands laid in several layers. But it is important to note that each subsequent layer should be applied on the dried previous coating. The stacking is performed with a spatula, is used to secure and align the masses. When the final coat dries, you can start grinding the same sandpaper. If you plan further work on the design of the cover, again dust off the surface with a cleaner.
Many are skeptical about the use of plaster for wood, believing that paints and enamels with similar properties can perform their function. But it is not. If you look at the wood putties on the market today, the benefits of using them will be obvious. First of all, they form a durable protective coating that is not able to provide any paintwork. Priming function, leveling of high-altitude differences and strengthening of the structure - this is a list of the main tasks that such putty performs. In addition, some types of tools can replace the decorative coating. It is worth remembering the series that allow you to imitate natural wood texture. As a result, with their help, two goals are achieved - the formation of a durable base and the decoration of the surface.