Well, who among the fishermen does not dream to catch the biggest fish? Going out on a quiet hunt, everyone hopes that it is he who will be the lucky one who will get the biggest carp or pike. Worldwide, there are cases of catching large prey. In the Guinness Book of Records there is a whole section devoted to fish.
Record registration rules
In order for the prey to be registered in the “The Largest Carp in the World” section, a number of rules are required. They were developed relatively recently by the International Carping Fishing Association (ICFA). It includes representatives of 19 European countries, as well as Canada, Israel and the USA.
On the recommendation of the ICFA, the carp, whose dimensions give grounds to the fisherman to hope for a record, should be carefully weighed and photographed on both sides. At least one person must confirm the fact of catching fish, weighing it and returning to the pond. It is obligatory to fix the time and place of capture. After that, a representative of the organization is sent a report and eyewitness accounts.
Under all conditions, including the fact of carp fishing for a bait with one hook, the applicant will be given a personal certificate. The Americans additionally established cash prizes of tens of thousands of dollars.
Carp fish is a species of carp, only domesticated. There are several varieties of it:
The most popular include mirror (artificially derived) and normal. Carp - fattening fish, it is fleshy carp and grows much faster. It is subject to cultivation in fish farms.
His body is covered with golden-brown smooth and large scales. Color on the back is darker.
The omnivorous fish (carp is precisely such), in order to achieve such a size, should eat well and for a long time. The average weight of an individual is 9-10 kg. Experts believe that, in addition to a balanced and abundant diet, the fish must also have the genetic makings for such growth. The purity of the reservoir and climatic conditions can also play a role in achieving the giant size of the carp.
Despite the indiscretion in the choice of diet, fish prefers plant food, which makes carp an excellent "cleaner" of the reservoir. He constantly eats, freeing the pond or lake from excessive vegetation.
In winter, the fish hides in deep bottom pits. Metabolic processes are slowed down, the whole body is covered with a thick layer of mucus, and the carp hibernates. In this state, he is going through the winter. An active fish becomes at a water temperature not lower than +8 o C.
About carp was known for a thousand years before our era. It appeared, apparently, in China, from there "moved" to Japan and further to European countries. In Europe, it was considered both decorative and commercial fish. On the American continent, this inhabitant of fresh water was only at the end of the nineteenth century.
Large specimens are found far from everywhere. According to statistics, in western Europe fish are smaller than in the south and east of the continent. The largest carp weighing 44 kilograms was caught in Switzerland (Zurich).
A heat-loving, freshwater fish prefers quiet or moderately flowing water and a solid clay bottom covered with a thick layer of silt. Life expectancy reaches 100 years. Scientists tend to believe that this is reliable, especially given the size of the caught carp. To put on such a weight and so grow, you need a lot of time.
The largest carp in Russia was caught in the Voronezh river by a net. Eyewitnesses claim that the weight of the fish reached 68 kg. The length of the body was about one meter, and the width - 70 cm. He looked unpleasant.
In general, in the territories of Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, carps weighing more than 25 kg are not such a rarity. In ancient times in the Caspian Sea it was possible to catch a trophy up to one and a half meters long.
Official registration of large catches began only in 1981. In the 18-19 centuries were not rare cases of catching 40-kilogram individuals. There is information about the catch of carp weighing 55 kg. Since then, primacy in the category “The Biggest Carp” has changed several times. The table below shows the catch of the largest specimens:
Some climate mitigation and relatively warm winters contributed to an increase in the stock of large carps. Geography of catching impressive copies:
- England - 30 kg 780
- Belarus - 32 kg.
- Belgium - 34.6 kg.
- Hungary - 32 kg 330 g
- Germany - 21.5 kg.
- Italy - 34 kg 470 g.
- Spain - 34 kg 920 g
- Poland - 30.2 kg.
- Russia - 24 kg.
- Romania –37.3 kg.
- Thailand - 68 kg.
- Ukraine - 29 kg 610 g.
- France - 43 kg.
- Croatia - 29 kg 260 g.
Not all of them are listed in the Guinness Book of Records. This is due to inadequate execution of the necessary documents for the recognition of a record. Due to the fact that such large specimens are released back into the natural environment, there have been cases when the same giants were caught repeatedly. Some of them are honored with their own names.
The largest carp in the world was caught back in 1937. For six months the river monster in Lake Ostend (Belgium) terrified the locals and curious tourists. After numerous efforts, he was caught. As it turned out, it was a carp 3.5 meters long and weighing 190 kg!
Officially, the record was not recorded, therefore an individual weighing 120 kg and a length of almost two meters appears in the category “The Biggest Caught Carp”. He was caught by Thai fishermen in 2007 in the vicinity of Bangkok, on the Byngsamran lake. While this record is not officially broken.