The modern world with inhabitants inhabiting it is so familiar for a person that events of a century ago are perceived as a beautiful fantastic story. However, the evidence found by scientists makes us believe that prehistoric predators really existed.
Scary Predator: Short-Bearded Bear
Millions of years ago, the current space lined by houses, highways, amusement parks were deserted and I went to him not people, but huge prehistoric predators, one of which was flat-faced bear giant size. Its height when you stand on two legs reached 4 meters, weight about 500 kilograms. Resemblance to modern counterparts existed, but unlike them, the giant could easily develop when the running speed of the horse (about 50 km/h). Like all prehistoric predators, the bear had incredible power and could kill almost any animal with one stroke. Having powerful jaws, this monster was able to bite even the strongest bones. When analyzing the remains of the ancient giant, it was found that he fed on everything that moved: horses, bison and even mammoths. The daily norm of food was about 16 kilograms of meat; this is 2-3 times more than the lion needs. The search for food in this amount was promoted by enlarged nasal cavities, allowing to hear the smell of prey within a radius of 9 kilometers. The last representatives of short-bears, according to scientists, died out about 20 thousand years ago, and most likely this was due to their inability to adapt to strong environmental changes.
Prehistoric predators: American lion
Prehistoric American lion is one of the most bloodthirsty predators on the planet. Unlike their modern descendants, he weighed almost half a ton. The body length of this animal was almost 4 meters. The habitat of the largest cats in history were North and South America.
Also, such prehistoric predators as the saber-toothed tigers, whose powerful weapons were giant 20-cm fangs that threatened to protrude outward even with a closed mouth, also did not survive to this day. They were similar to dagger-like blades and resembled sabers (hence the name of the predator). Combined with the tremendous power and lightning speed, these animals, who lived about 20 million years ago in the territories of Eurasia, North America, and Africa, terrified their potential victims. Powerful trunk, short massive legs, frightening fangs - appearance, which is better to contemplate in the pictures. The richest source of fossils of these animals are in the heart of Los Angeles. It is here that in prehistoric times there were resinous lakes - deadly traps that killed thousands of animals. Above covered with foliage, adhering to their surface, they misled careless herbivores and predators, absorbing them into a sticky quagmire.
Prehistoric predators: dog-bear
Sabaconidae (otherwise aficionadi) are active predators that have been widespread in Turkey and Europe from 17 to 9 million years ago. The name of these prehistoric predators received mixed traits of bear and dog in appearance, so scientists have long hesitated to which group to take a strange animal. In the end, they were allocated in a completely separate family. Sobakovodov was a stocky animals with short legs, long torso (about 3.5 meters), a large head (length of skull to 83 cm) long tail and weighs about 1 ton. Estimated their height was about 1.8 meters. There is a perception that sabcomeline led a semi-aquatic lifestyle and could inhabit the sea coasts. The skull of the predator was remotely similar to a crocodile skull, and powerful jaws can crack bones and tortoise shell. His meals were diverse: ranging from small animals to large animals. Sabaconidae, of course, was the hunter, but often it is satisfied with the role of scavenger. He could easily eat a wounded, but still alive victim.
Deinozuh - the biggest crocodile of the planet
About 60 million years ago the planet was inhabited by dansuk (Greek for "terrible crocodile"), the length of which was about 12 meters, height – 1,5 meters, and weight – about 10 tons. Streamlined body shape gives him high movement speed in water and excellent maneuverability. On land Danesh became clumsy and at the earth's surface moved jerkily on the curved, thick legs. Having a huge head (about 1.5 meters), massive wide jaws, large teeth created for crushing, covered with armored bone plates back and a thick tail, he ate sea turtles, fish and large dinosaurs.
Eagle haasta is a winged monster
Prehistoric bird predators was also characterized by impressive dimensions. For example, the Haast eagle that lived in New Zealand, weighed 16 kg, and its wingspan was 3 meters. This predator was capable of speeds of 60-80 km/h that allowed him to successfully hunt flightless birds, the MoA, weighing 10 times more and are unable to protect themselves from sudden powerful strike force. The predator was able to snap and hold prey in flight, the latter being an order of magnitude greater than its size. According to the legend of the inhabitants of New Zealand, these monsters with a red comb on their heads kidnapped even small children and killed people. Nests of winged prehistoric predators were found at an altitude of 2 kilometers above the ground. The extinction of eagles caused the destruction of the natural habitat and the disappearance of Moa birds, which were the object of hunting for settlers in New Zealand.
Ground prehistoric bird fororakos
From flightless winged prehistoric period the interest of scientists is the so-called bird-suicide (phororacos), which is the largest predator in South America and lived more than 23 million years ago. Her height ranged from 1 to 3 meters, and favorite food were small mammals, and horses. Prey predator killed one of two ways: lifted into the air and hit the ground or was struck exact blows massive bill on the important and vulnerable parts of the body.
The beak and massive three-meter skull of a giant weighing about 300 pounds makes it stand out compared to other winged creatures. Powerful legs allowed him to develop while running significantly faster, and curved 46-inch long beak is ideal for tearing apart meat produced. In an instant, the predator swallowed a trapped victim.
Megalodon - a huge shark
Millions of years ago in the water also there was a huge prehistoric predators. The Megalodon ("big tooth") – a giant shark, which had 5 rows of huge 20-inch teeth in an amount of about 300 pieces. The total length of this monster was about 20 meters and a weight of 45 tons presumably. What about modern sharks feeding on seals, if Megalodon hunted whales. Over the years, the teeth of this giant shark found in rock formations were mistaken for the remains of dragons. According to scientists, this animal died out due to oceanic hypothermia, a drop in sea level and depletion of sources of food.
One of the largest predators of centuries ago was the mosasaurus. Its length was more than 15 meters, and the head was similar to the crocodile. Hundreds of sharp, razor-sharp teeth killed even the most protected opponents.