Our article is devoted to the longest Russian words. In it, we will try to present you with various options and opinions, as well as some interesting facts about the unusual lexical composition of the Russian language.
Lack of consensus
Answering the question about what are the longest words in the Russian language, it should be said that for a number of reasons they cannot be called unequivocally. The adjective “tetrahydropyranylcyclopentyl tetrahydropyridopyridine”, which consists of 55 letters, can theoretically be considered one of those. However, such a choice can hardly be called fair, because, for example, in analytical chemistry the names of substances are constructed according to a certain scheme and can reach huge values.
An example, which is often cited, is also the construction using the right prefix, which can be added to words denoting the concept of kinship an infinite number of times. Popular are also considered various word formations, which contain in their composition numerals, denoting a certain value. An example is the following: “one thousand eight hundred and eighty six centimeter”. We can also mention the longest words in the Russian language, which are constructed according to the “sixty-five year old” type and are used, for example, to indicate the age of our planet.
Variants using numbers
So, as you can see, there are plenty of opportunities to create long words in Russian. Variants can be combined for a very long time, because, as you know, there are many different natural numbers. For example, you can set a goal to express the diameter of the Earth in millimeters. Just imagine how many letters the resulting education will contain!
Therefore, the task of finding an answer to the question of what are the longest words in the Russian language, with such a statement, alas, will not be crowned with success. Especially since the resulting compounds for the most part are never used by us in everyday speech. They are used only occasionally (on a local scale). Thus, it is possible to set a goal to find the longest word among various parts of speech, for example, nouns and verbs. Such a statement of the problem will be more fair and interesting.
Disputes and difficulties in determining the longest words
Certain difficulties arise from the absence of any agreement as to whether these or other word forms can be used. In 1993, the Guinness Book of Records, for example, named the longest following word consisting of 33 letters: “X-ray electrocardiographic”, and in the 2003 edition it already recognized “above the reviewer”, having 35 letters in its composition. An analogue of 42 letters could also be used in the first case: “enterohemahepatopathy and enterohema”. Naturally, numerous disputes arose over the fact that in the first case, as you may have noticed, the word was used in the genitive case, and in the second case, the writing thus turned out to be longer by one more letter. In short, record-breaking words have not yet received universal acceptance, since opinions about them are subjective and difficult to confirm or disprove.
The longest abbreviation
The longest abbreviation is the following, which has 56 characters in its structure: NIIOMTPLABOPARMBETZHELBETRABSBORMMONIMONKONODDTEHSTROMONT. Imagine now how the staff of this organization answered the question of where they work. Let's talk now about the longest words among the various parts of speech.
Longest words belonging to different parts of speech
The longest of the existing adjectives, which are written with a hyphen, is the notion of agricultural and machine-building consisting of 38 characters.
The longest Russian word-noun, which has a hyphen in its composition, is “animation-inanimateness” (there are 30 characters in the composition), as well as “loader-bulldozer-loader” (total 29 characters).
Among adjectives that do not contain a hyphen, we note the concept of 28 symbols “electrophoto-semiconductor”. The data we used are taken from the spelling dictionary created by the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Published in 2003, the grammar dictionary under the editorship of A. A. Zaliznyak stated that the longest in the dictionary form of a common noun is the adjective of 25 characters and its word forms “them” and “wow” of the 26 letters: “private business”.
The longest words in the Russian language among nouns are: “excellency” and “misanthropy”. They are composed of 24 letters each, and if you count the word forms to “-s”, then 26 characters.
The longest word-noun, which is animated, is “eleventh-grader” (a word consisting of 20 characters), “clerk” (21 letters). They also include their word forms in “-ami” - 22 and 23 characters respectively.
The longest word of the Russian language, which is an adverb, is “unsatisfactory” (19 letters). However, one should not forget that, from the qualitative adjectives, for the most part, which end in “-y” and “-y”, adverbs can be formed with the ending in “-e”, “-o” or “-i”. The dictionary does not always fix these longest words in Russian. Therefore, this list could be continued.
The longest Russian interjection word included in the dictionary is “physical fitness-hello”, consisting of 14 letters.
A word of the same number of symbols “respectively” is at the same time the longest preposition. Among the particles, the longest is “exclusively”, which is shorter by one letter.
The word that occurs in the works of Nikolai Leskov
Champions among words with additional properties
The longest of the monosyllabic words are “casual” (consisting of 8 letters), and also having in its composition 7 symbols “splash”, “shine”, “raise”, “open”, “meet”, “emerge”, “ passion".
The most voluminous anagrams in literal composition include “salt industry” (including 18 letters) and “timber industry” (also 18 characters), as well as words from 15 letters “indissolubility” and “old regime”.
The concept of “hippopotomonstrossesquipedaliophobia” (37 letters), meaning “fear of long words” is often mentioned in various sources along with its Latin translation, sounding like hippopotomomonstrosesquippedaliophobia (the longest word in the world).
The artificially constructed legendary concept is also an “auto-telescope television and radio monitor”, consisting of 31 symbols, as well as a longer form of 34 letters “auto-television instruments and television sets”.
As you can see, our language hides a lot of interesting things, the number of record holders among words by the number of signs is over, it does not affect in any way the beauty and power of native Russian speech. Language, as we know, does not remain static, it is replenished daily by various neologisms. Russian speech is reborn, lives its own life, so it is not known how long a new champion word can become in the future. It may be the longest word in the world. Although, taking into account the tendency of the current generation to limit the reduction in the speech of various titles, this is debatable.