After the end of life, most of the aircraft find their last shelter in the so-called aircraft cemetery (photo below). The fact is that the storage of aviation equipment in hangars is almost impossible due to the fact that this requires a lot of money and space. It is much more profitable to leave it on a specially equipped site. Such dumps exist in almost all countries. In this article we will talk about the largest on the planet "burial ground" decommissioned aircraft.
The largest cemetery in the US and the world is located near the city of Tucson in the state of Orizon. It is organized on the air base "Davis Montan". Here, the maintenance and technical group for the maintenance of aviation and space equipment No. 309 is stationed. The total area occupied by the storage is 10.5 square kilometers. Before people who pass by on the nearby motorway, an exciting and at the same time gloomy spectacle is created, created by a huge number of ships lined up in a row.
Objects of storage
At the world's largest cemetery, there are about 4,400 units of decommissioned aircraft. Here you can see jet fighter-interceptors, bombers, cargo liners, military transport ships and many other kinds. Some of them have already been almost completely disassembled into spare parts, and when looking at some other specimens, it seems that they have recently returned from another flight. A significant proportion of aircraft in general is covered with covers that protect them from harmful external influences of dust and sand. It should be emphasized that many local instances can be promptly returned to the system if such a need arises.
The place where this cemetery of aircraft was created is not chosen by chance. The fact is that in this area almost all year round there is dry, sultry weather. Humidity here is quite low, and precipitation is low. All this contributes to the long storage of aircraft, because it is not so much exposed to the destructive effect of rust. One can not but note the nuance that at a depth of about fifteen centimeters under the soil there is a thick layer consisting of clay saltpeter. It serves as a kind of hard lining, which makes it possible to leave aircraft ships directly on it. In other words, there is no need to build special platforms, for the construction of which considerable capital investments are required.
Since, if necessary, aircraft must be promptly returned to service, their content requires considerable effort. That is why this aircraft cemetery is serviced by employees of 309 repair and technical groups, who jokingly call it a "dump of bones". All military equipment, which was previously in service with aircraft carriers, is cleaned of sea salt, which can cause corrosion. In order to ensure that all the moving parts of the aircraft remain lubricated, the fuel lines and tanks are first emptied, and then washed with viscous light oil. Without fail, the base personnel remove absolutely all explosive devices, including charges that ensure the pilot's bailout. After this, channels and inlet openings are sealed with a special aluminum tape. At the last stage, all the cars that fall into the Davis Montan aircraft cemetery are painted with paint, which can be easily removed. This is done in two layers. The bottom is black, and the top one is white, which allows you to reflect bright sun rays and prevent overheating.
In total, the base uses approximately 400,000 units of various equipment for routine maintenance of decommissioned aircraft and production of new spare parts. This includes the assembly lines that were conserved many years ago. At the same time, the equipment removed from the local ships is used not only in the USA, but also in many other countries. On the territory of "Davis Montan" also operates a melting furnace, through which completely processed not suitable for anything devices and parts.
The most famous post-Soviet landfills
The most famous cemetery in Russia is a hundred kilometers from Vladivostok. During the Cold War, the secret air base "Vozdvizhenka" was deployed here, armed with supersonic bombers. After the collapse of the USSR, they turned out to be of no use to anyone and stayed in their original place. Currently, the base is abandoned, and the many military aircraft that are here are no longer destined to go up in the air. The only people she is interested in are photographers who sometimes make their way here for an effective shot.
Another interesting "burial ground" is located in the exclusion zone of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. Here, not far from the village of Rassokha, a lot of equipment is stored, which took part in the elimination of the consequences caused by the 1986 disaster. Despite the danger of radiation contamination, people are gradually removing still usable elements for their own gain.
The aircraft cemetery in Moscow is located on the territory of the Khodynka field. In 1910, the Frunze airfield was built here, which functioned for almost a century. However, in 2003 it was closed. Now on its runway and taxiways you can see abandoned aircraft equipment. Some time ago, the city authorities were going to create a museum on the base of the former airfield, but this idea was never realized. Thus, this place was the last haven for fifty aircraft, including MiG-21, Su-15 and helicopters. The landfill area is closed for visiting, but for a certain fee guards some people still manage to get here and be photographed for memory. However, many vehicles suffered from the actions of vandals - fuselages are covered with graffiti and inscriptions, dashboards are looted, and the glass is broken.