After the end of life, most of the aircraft find their last shelter in the so-called aircraft graveyard (photos are presented below). The fact is that the storage of aircraft in the hangars is almost impossible due to the fact that it requires a lot of money and space. It is much more profitable to leave it on a specially equipped site. Such dumps exist in almost all countries. This article will discuss the world's largest “burial ground” of decommissioned aircraft.
The largest aircraft graveyard in the United States and on the planet is located near the city of Tucson in the state of Orizona. It is organized at the Davis Montand military air base. A technical maintenance group for the maintenance of aviation and space technology No. 309 is also located here. The total area occupied by the storage facility is 10.5 square kilometers. In front of people who pass by on a passing highway, opens a thrilling and at the same time gloomy spectacle created by a huge number of ships lined up in a row.
At the world's largest aircraft cemetery, there are about 4,400 units of decommissioned aircraft. Here you can see fighter jets, interceptors, bombers, cargo liners, military transport ships and many other types. Some of them are already almost completely dismantled for spare parts, and when looking at some other instances, it seems that they have recently returned from the next flight. A large proportion of aircraft are generally covered with covers that protect them from the harmful external effects of dust and sand. It should be emphasized that many of the local instances can be promptly returned to the system when such a need arises.
The place where this aircraft cemetery was created was not chosen by chance. The fact is that in this area almost all year round there is dry, sultry weather. The humidity here is quite low, and little precipitation falls. All this contributes to the long-term storage of aircraft equipment, because it is not so much exposed to the ravages of rust. It should be noted that the nuance that at a depth of about fifteen centimeters under the soil lies a thick layer consisting of clay nitrate. It serves as a kind of solid lining, which provides an opportunity to leave the aviation ships directly on it. In other words, there is no need to build special platforms, for the construction of which significant investments are required.
Since, if necessary, the aircraft must be promptly returned to the system, their maintenance requires considerable effort. That is why this aircraft cemetery is serviced by workers of the repair-technical group 309, who jokingly call it “the dump of bones”. All military equipment, which was previously in service on aircraft carriers, is cleared of sea salt, which can cause corrosion. In order for all the moving parts of the aircraft to remain in a lubricated state, the fuel lines and tanks are first emptied and then washed with viscous light oil. It is mandatory for base staff to remove absolutely all explosive devices, including charges, providing a pilot ejection. After this, the special aluminum tape is sealed with channels and inlets. At the last stage, all cars that fall into the graveyard of the Davis Montañus aircraft are painted with paint that can be easily removed. This is done in two layers. The bottom one is black, and the top one is white, which makes it possible to reflect bright sunlight and prevent overheating.
In total, about 400 thousand units of various equipment are used on the base for the routine maintenance of decommissioned aircraft and the production of new parts. This includes assembly lines that have been mothballed many years ago. At the same time, equipment taken from local vessels is used not only in the USA, but also in many other states. A melting furnace also functions on the territory of Davis Montan, through which machines and parts that are not suitable for anything are completely recycled.
The most famous post-Soviet dumps
The most famous cemetery of aircraft in Russia is located a hundred kilometers from Vladivostok. During the Cold War, the secret air base “Vozdvizhenka” was stationed here, which was armed with supersonic bombers. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, they were useless to anyone and remained standing in the same place. At present, the base is abandoned, and the multitude of military aircraft located here is not destined to take off. The only people who are interested in it are photographers who sometimes make their way here for the effective shot.
Another interesting "burial ground" is located on the territory of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant exclusion zone. Here, near the village of Rassoha, stored a lot of equipment, which took part in the aftermath of the 1986 disaster. Despite the danger of contamination by radiation, for the purpose of their own profit, people gradually remove the elements still usable.
The aircraft cemetery in Moscow is located on the territory of the Khodynka field. In 1910, the airfield named after Frunze was built here, which functioned for almost a century. However, in 2003 it was closed. Now on his runway and taxiways you can see abandoned aircraft. Some time ago, the city authorities were going to create a museum on the basis of the former aerodrome, but this idea was never translated into reality. Thus, this place became the last refuge for fifty aircraft, including MiG-21, Su-15 aircraft and helicopters. The territory of the landfill is closed to the public, but for a certain fee the guards still manage to get here and take a picture of themselves. However, many devices suffered from the actions of vandals - the fuselages are covered with graffiti and inscriptions, the dashboards are looted, and the glass is broken.