Lure is one of the most crucial moments in the life of the child and his parents, on which the development and health of the baby as a whole largely depends. Approach to this point is with extreme caution and it is especially important to correctly identify the product from which you should introduce your child to adult food. Recently, more and more pediatricians agree that this product should be porridge, but far from fruit and vegetable purees. About this, with what porridge to start feeding and how to introduce it correctly, we will tell in our article. Here we will show you how to make porridge for complementary foods at home and how to choose it correctly in the store.
When to introduce complementary foods?
The terms of the beginning of complementary feeding for different children are set individually and depend on several factors.
- Nature of food. Children who are on breastfeeding, as a rule, get acquainted with lures later than artificial ones, at about 6 months. In this case, if the child does not show any interest in adult food and still has enough breast milk, acquaintance with the porridges can be postponed for another 1-2 months. For children fed on artificial feeding, lure can be introduced more quickly, since their digestive system is more prepared, but not earlier than 4 months is a critical reference point.
- The activity of the baby and the rate of weight gain. At the moment of feeding, the child must double his weight. If this does not happen, the pediatrician recommends that you introduce lure before and start with cereals. A similar decision can be made for active children, who usually gain less weight.
- Teething and accompanying diseases also affect the decision-making regarding the introduction of complementary foods.
That's why you first need to find out if the child is ready to get acquainted with the new food for him, and then decide on what porridge to start luring. It is not necessary to rush events, and then the introduction of complementary foods will not bring any troubles or disappointments to mother or baby.
How should you start lure?
Regardless of which product is chosen for the beginning of complementary foods, there are some rules for its introduction, which all pediatricians agree with without exception.
- First, lure should be introduced gradually, starting with half a teaspoon, daily increasing the volume to the age standard for the child. The next product should be introduced no earlier than the third week of the beginning of complementary feeding.
- Secondly, with each new product, parents should monitor the reaction of the baby, and if there are any warning signs, such as constipation or allergies, the introduction of this dish should be canceled.
- Thirdly, the consistency of all children's foods for complementary foods should resemble breast milk. When the baby gets acquainted with a new food for himself, the consistency can be made more dense.
- Fourth, the lure should begin with dairy-free cereals, such as rice or buckwheat. And only after the baby learns them well, you can begin to get acquainted with milk porridge.
Kashi: homemade or purchased?
When the product from which the lure is introduced has already been determined, a new problem appears before the parents: is it better to buy cereal ready in a pack or cook yourself? Each parent should decide this question for himself, taking into account the advantages of each option. If you listen to the opinion of the pediatrician, then the question is unambiguous - doctors advocate the use of ready-made instant kasha.
Advantages of shop porridge:
- the consistency of purchased porridges is homogeneous, tender and homogeneous, which is ideal for the children's digestive system;
- their composition is balanced, they are hypoallergenic and calculated for a specific age;
- the speed of preparation of cereals from the packaging is much higher, it is convenient to prepare them even in small portions.
When the porridge can be replaced with one feeding the child, it can be converted to home cereals. However, it is not advisable to do this at an early age.
With what porridge to introduce complementary foods?
Even if the family, and the child in particular, there is no predisposition to allergic reactions, lure should be administered with gluten-free cereals. Thus, cereals that contain gluten should be excluded (rye, wheat, oats, barley). Then the question arises: with what porridge to start feeding?
There are three types of gluten-free cereals that are most safe for the child's body:
Buckwheat is considered to be the ideal cereal for the first complementary meal. It has valuable proteins, vitamins and amino acids. In addition, croup has a low level of hypoallergenicity, saturates the body with iron, increasing the level of hemoglobin in the blood, improves intestinal motility, relieves constipation.
Rice should be introduced into the baby's diet after buckwheat. This is the only cereal that has all 8 amino acids in the composition. It is hypoallergenic and helps to cope with diarrhea. The only drawback is rice porridge. Lure it categorically can not start children suffering from constipation.
Corn is introduced into the diet not earlier than 7-8 months, after buckwheat and rice. It has a rich vitamin-mineral composition and helps to get rid of constipation. Gradually, you can add fruit and berries to the porridge.
Dairy-free cereals: advantages
It is believed that the most suitable for complementary feeding are single-component cereals without gluten. Why exactly dairy-free cereal? There are certain advantages in this:
- they do not contain whole milk powder, which means they are suitable for children with lactose intolerance;
- they are hypoallergenic;
- such porridges are easier to digest and improve peristalsis of the intestine;
- do not cause bloating and colic, due to the lack of milk in their composition.
How to cook porridge for the first meal?
If the parents for the introduction of complementary foods still chose a homemade porridge, then you should prepare in advance for the preparation process and make flour from the cereal.
How to cook porridge for the first meal?
- The groats are washed several times until the water is completely transparent.
- Next, the groats are dried naturally on a napkin or in an oven and crushed into flour.
- In a small saucepan, water is heated on the stove (100 ml).
- A teaspoon of flour from cereals is added to the water and with thorough mixing it is boiled for 15 minutes.
- Put the remaining flour in a glass jar with a sealed lid and send it to storage in a dark place.
Before you feed your child, you should learn in advance how to inject porridge into the lure. For this purpose, whole schemes have been developed, which must be adhered to.
Complementary feeding scheme
First of all, these schemes were developed in order to avoid a negative reaction from the use of a new product to the children's body. Problems with digestion, constipation or diarrhea, flatulence and allergies - this is only a small part of the troubles that can happen to the child due to the incorrect introduction of complementary foods.
So, how to introduce porridge into lure? Rules and scheme of introduction:
- A new product in the diet should be introduced only when the child is completely healthy and his teeth are not chopped.
- How to cook the first lure? Buckwheat porridge (with this cereal it must be started) is bred to the consistency of breast milk.
- The first portion of porridge - 0.5 teaspoon, the next day - 1 teaspoon, then - 3 tablespoons. Gradually, in 7 days, the volume should be brought to 150 ml.
- After 3-4 weeks, if the child does not have any negative reactions to this product, you should start to introduce a new mess in the diet.
How to choose porridge in the store
Most parents are of the opinion that it is better to buy porridge for lactation in a store. It is optimized for the children's body, and the time to prepare a meal significantly saves. It remains only to find out how to choose porridge for complementary foods in the store.
- First of all, one-component, non-gluten-free, one-component cereals should be chosen. This protein of plant origin by a child's body is not digested, which can lead to serious violations in its work.
- Pay attention to the composition, it should not contain flavors, sugar, fructose and other sweeteners and additives.
- Porridge must correspond to the age of the child for whom it is purchased.
- Check expiration dates, compliance with storage conditions, package integrity.
In the first porridges for the child there should be no additional components in the form of an apple or berries. They need to be introduced into the baby's diet a little later. If you have already decided what kind of cereal to start luring, just buy one package of this product. Perhaps the child will not like the porridge of this producer, and it will have to be changed urgently to a new one.
Children's cereal rating
Parents who, with the need to introduce complementary foods to a child, face for the first time, are often lost in the store at the sight of the assortment. Make the right choice in favor of this or that package will help the following rating of cereals for complementary foods. The top three brands for several years now include products of Nestle, Gerber and Heinz brands. Among the Russian brands, the most popular among customers are "Malyutka" and "Spelenok" porridges.
Despite the rating, it is important to get acquainted with the composition on the package right in the shop. Since even famous manufacturers sometimes add to the porridge such components, which should not be close. This is the only way to protect your child from low-quality complementary foods.
How much the child will grow healthy depends, in part, on the correctness of the introduction of complementary foods. Therefore, parents should take responsibly to such a step in the development of the baby and make the right choice in favor of one or another porridge and the timing of the introduction of complementary foods. It is important to buy or prepare the correct and safe porridge, which will not lead to violations in the body.