Fishing on the zherlitsu - one of the most common methods of ice fishing predatory fish. Like any other tackle, the zealot has a number of subtleties and wisdoms and, despite its seeming simplicity, not always and not all bring results. Let's get acquainted with this equipment more closely and find out what factors make successful winter fishing for the jailbirds.

general characteristics

Zherlitsa is designed for catching predatory fish, mostly pike. There are several modifications of the jerricks, but they all work on the same principle. Any zalitsa consists of: the base, the rack with the coil and the bait indicator. The simpler version looks like this: a fishing line is wound on a wooden spike in a cross-shaped manner, the flyer is attached to a six-piece, which is inclined into the ice at an inclination. Either way, a leash with a hook is tied to the main line. It remains only to put on the zhivottsa and install the whole thing on the hole.

Fishing on the jail: collection and installation of tackle, tactics and secrets of the big catch

Tackle works quite simply. When the predator grabs the bait, he pulls the line, winding it off the coil or the flyer. At this time, a signaling spring with a flag is triggered, which informs the fisherman about the bite. The fish does not interfere with swimming and swallowing the hook. The dancers are placed at a distance from each other and periodically inspected by a fisherman. When, at the next inspection, it is discovered that the jail has worked, the angler dares the desired prey. That's the general outline of fishing for the zherlitsu.

A good fence must be simple, comfortable, compact in assembled form, sufficiently sensitive (but should not work with gusts of wind), and well visible from afar. It also must equally well cope with its task, regardless of the type of pond, the topography of the bottom, and weather conditions. Now let's look at the details of what the rigging is.

A good joker must have a base. It is not only a support, but also closes the hole from the light (especially important in shallow water) and protects from freezing (in mild frosts, at least). The disadvantage of the stylus with the base is the fact that when you leave the hole "lights up", which can further frighten the predator and increase its resistance. Therefore, many fans of fishing on zherlitsy, fall asleep a hole under the base of snow. And from the top the base is covered with another layer, the task of which is not to freeze the lower, masking layer.

Good bases are obtained from textolite and fiberglass. Both materials are strong enough and dense. They do not freeze into ice and do not burn their hands like metal. At the same time they are durable than any plywood and are more resistant to deformation than plastic. As for the dimensions of the base, the most convenient, as practice shows, is a square piece with a side of 180 mm. At a distance of about 30 mm from the center of the base to either side, an opening is made to secure the post.

Rack and alarm

The rack on which the coil is mounted and the spring with the flag is the main working part of the vent. The spring must be long enough for the angler to see it from different points of the reservoir, but at the same time it is convenient for transportation. A coil is attached to the stand, and sometimes a signal spring. But more often the spring is put on the base, a little away from the counter. The flag is placed on the spring. It should be large and bright. It is desirable to paint it in some atypical color, so as not to confuse its vent with a stranger, and unmistakably identify it from afar.

The optimum diameter of the coil is 6-7 cm, and the width - up to 1.2 cm. The coil should contain enough lines to catch at different depths, and in case of biting, do not worry that the predator will exhaust the whole line before cutting. The way in which the coil is attached to the rack depends on the model of the coil itself. The course of the coil should not be too tight, so that the fish can easily unwind the fishing line without problems. But too easy move is also not welcome.

When installing the spring, the spring bends and rests against the coil in such a way that when the fish unwinds the fishing line, the coil, rotating, releases the spring. It is recommended to apply a contrast pattern to the outer surface of the coil. Then you can see from afar that it rotates, and make sure that the spring has worked just because of the bite.

Accessories of the box

To equip the stitch, the monofilament fishing line is best suited to a diameter of 0.4 mm. It should quench jerks of a large predator, so braided cords in this case do not quite fit. In addition, the braids are easily cut about the ice edge and strongly frozen. The coil is usually wound around 25 meters of fishing line. It is important to make sure that the winding does not reach the edges of the spool, otherwise it can jump off and become entangled when the fish jerk. In general, the principle is simple here: the longer the length, the more time for the angler to notice the bite. A running sinker is attached to the fishing line through the running end, which is fixed with a stopper about 15 cm from the end. As for the weight of the sinker, 12-15 grams is enough. A stopper is needed so that the weight does not descend to the leash. At the end of the line is attached a carbine, and on it - a 25-centimeter leash with a hook. Many use a double line as a leash. It is mounted in such a way that after eating one end, the fish remains on the second. This is useful, considering that professional fishing on a joker involves a rejection of metal leashes. The size of the hooks depends on what kind of prey you expect and what type of live bait you use.

Fishing process

Now let's figure out how to catch on the jail. To begin with, a livestock is put on the hook. It is necessary to plant it neatly, so that he still lives, the more, the better. There are many ways to plant a live bait. The simplest and most common of these is the establishment of a hook under the dorsal fin. Do it carefully, so as not to hook the spine. Then, with the help of a stopper, stopping the sinker, the depth of immersion of the live bait is regulated. The bait falls into the water, and it remains only to cock the spring. Before using a new jig, it is worth checking how well the spring is working. The ferrules are installed directly on the hole, closing it. If the resident wants to surface, it means that the sinker is not enough.

Experienced fishermen know that a predator is not easily caught by a lobster from another pond, so it is advisable to use a local fry. Fishing for the pike on the pike and at all may be inconclusive, if you offer a predator another's zhivtsa. It's hard to say how she feels, but what she feels is a fact. The same applies to other species of fish that are caught on the jail. Fishing on the zherlitsy on the river is different from fishing in the pond, except in places where they are looking for fish.

Sometimes this gear is used to catch catfish. Features of such fishing consist in selection of a place and strong fastening zharlitsy. The equipment is placed in those places where the catfish carries out their nightly "walks". So before you start fishing, you need to find out where the path is. When catching a catfish on the jail, a frog is often used, which is tied in such a way that it can move freely. To fasten the tackle is very strong, since the weight of the catfish can reach hundreds of kilograms.

If you notice that the zealot slowly unwind uniformly, do not rush with the padding. This means that the predator took the bait in the teeth and dragged it into the shelter. And if the coil turns quickly, and the line is always in a strained position, then the fish itself is detected, and it should be started as soon as possible. If you come to the zhirlitsa you see that it is rolled up, and the line is directed to the shore, then, most likely, a small pike pecked. Such specimens are always hungry, so they can be safely vyvazhivat. Large specimens drag the prey to a depth, and further away from the shore.

It is necessary to lift the jig gently. It is necessary to make a short, but strong cut. It is not necessary to force large copies out, even if the tackle allows it. If the line is weakened, it is necessary to pull it up, and if it is pulled, let it go. Let the predator become a little tired, and then you will easily remove it from under the ice.

Fishing for pike for pike is the most common. However, this catch is caught and another predator: perch, pike perch, catfish and burbot. There are no fundamental differences in the technique of catching this or that fish. The difference can only be in the place of catching and sight of the bait. For example, if you are interested in winter fishing for burbot on the jail, you should look for pits with cold keys, where this fish likes to dwell. If you catch a perch, it will be enough to have a single hook and a small bait. Fishing for pike perches is very similar to pike fishing. To catch catfish, the tackle must be massive (thick fishing line and large strong hooks). Soma is searched exclusively on pits.

How to catch on a joker: the nuances

Model of the jail. Experienced anglers know that the success of fishing and the pleasure that it brings, largely depends on the correct choice of the vent. If the model is unsuccessful, then the favorite thing can turn into a total torment. The figure above shows the type of the vent, which is currently considered the most successful. Perhaps, at such zherlitsy only one lack - it will be swept away by snow. Otherwise, some merits, namely:

  1. Do not get confused when transporting.
  2. Quickly transferred from transport to working.
  3. Large plastic base. In a slight frost, it prevents freezing of the hole. And in strong - it will be enough a couple of times a day to clean the hole.
  4. Tack works well when bitten and almost does not resist the predator. Thus, he can safely swallow the live bait.
  5. The fagot quickly assembles. To understand how this is important, you need to go fishing with two dozen zharmits.

Leads. When using metal leashes in the tooling of the joker, its effectiveness is reduced several times. In deaf-mowing, this can completely lead to a complete failure. Practice shows that the predator is not afraid of a thick line, but is afraid of thin metal leashes.

Installing the sticks. It is more convenient to put the two faces together when one fisherman drills the holes, and the second adjusts the tackles. It is advisable to finish preparation of the javelins before dawn, in order to avoid walking again in the future. Holes are usually made in a straight line in several rows, so that it is easy to find them at dusk. The distance between the holes can reach 10 meters. In the process of catching, depending on the biting, some of the jockeys move. As practice shows, mobility in this case is more important than the number of gears. Putting a few zherlits around the trigger, you can get a great result in a couple of hours.

Zywiec. As a bait, the best perch is shown by a perch. He never confuses snap and is a welcome prey for a large predator. As an alternative, a roach or a gusher will do, but it's better to try to get a perch after all.

Fish snacks a fishing line. Winter fishing on zherlitsy, as already mentioned, suggests that the hook is put directly on the line. This imposes a number of difficulties on the fishing process. Often the snacking of the line takes place at the moment of cutting, when the line lies in the toothy mouth, and the angler pulls it. Therefore, it is worth careful pricing. When the line goes under the water, and the coil unwinds, you can withstand a pause and stretch. The effort of the fish will be enough to allow the hook to pierce her lip. Of course, you can pull the line a little, but without fanaticism. If the fish successfully detected, then there are two dangerous moments - the beginning of the vyvazhivaniya and the end. At first, the fish have a lot of strength to resist and she will definitely do it. Here it is not necessary to apply great efforts to the line. To tighten the line is only if the fish itself is coming to you. Otherwise, let her get tired. When the fish is already near the hole, it opens a second wind. Sometimes, in order to remove the prey from the hole, it must be brought up to ten times.

Over time, the angler begins to feel the behavior of the fish, where her hook got stuck. If he sits shallow, the fish can squirm, shake his head and open his mouth. In this case, the line will walk along its teeth, and excessive stretching can create conditions for cutting. With deep ingestion, the fish behaves more stably.

If the flag has triggered, but the coil is stationary, pulling the line is very careful, since the fish can throw the bait in response to the tug of the line. To stimulate a predator for active actions, you can tap with your foot near the hole. If it does not help, just return the check-box. Sometimes a low-active predator decides to swallow up to ten minutes.


Catching the predator begins as soon as the first ice appears on the pond. Fishing on the jungle is the most interesting in the first place, as the fish are still very active. Usually the fish bite well until about the New Year. Then the biting starts to wane. It all depends on what the specific winter turned out to be. If it is warm, with small frosts and frequent thaws, then the activity of the fish can persist throughout the winter. The role is also played by atmospheric precipitation and pressure. In general, the winter activity of fish is difficult to predict, because it depends on many factors.

Fishing in summer in summer has also spread. It allows you to catch overgrown areas, in which spinning baits are ineffective. But it is in such places that the predator likes to stand in the summer. The basic structure of the summer vent does not differ from the winter one. The only difference is that it is attached to a long stick and instead of a coil it has a flyer or some other element, on which it is convenient to wind a fishing line.

Self-made tackle

The question of how to make the zherlits for winter fishing is also very relevant. This allows you not so much to save, how many to implement all their preferences, based on experience. It is not at all difficult to make a zhalitsu yourself. For a base, plywood is usually used, and for a rack - a short tube or a stick. The rest is a matter of technique.


Many believe that fishing on the jail is primitive and completely unsportsmanlike. The reason for this, obviously, is a picture that can be observed in most reservoirs in winter: hundreds of stupidly placed ventricles, which are checked from time to time by less than enthusiastic anglers. Here everything depends on the approach. If a fisherman is set for success, and he likes to catch sensibly, then any tackle can become sporty. Moreover, there are a lot of important subtleties in the joker, and understanding of some of them comes only with experience. We have today reviewed the main features and rules of winter fishing on zherlitsy.