Fishing on a zherlitsa - one of the most widespread ways of ice-fishing of predatory fish. Like any other tackle, the zhertlitsa has a number of subtleties and intricacies and, despite its apparent simplicity, does not always and not all bring results. Let's take a closer look at this snap-in and find out what factors constitute a successful winter fishing for tops.

general characteristics

Zherlitsa is intended for catching predatory fish, mainly pike. There are several modifications zherlits, but they all work on the same principle. Any zherllitsa consists from: the basis, a rack with the coil and a signaling device of a bite. A simpler version looks like this: the fishing line is wound on a wooden flyer in a crosswise manner, the flyer is tied to a six, which is tilted in the ice under an inclination. Anyway, a hook leash is tied to the main line. It remains only to wear bait and set the whole thing on the hole.

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Tackle works quite simply. When the predator grabs the bait, he pulls the fishing line, winding it off the reel or flyer. At this time, a signal spring is activated with a flag that informs the angler about the bite. Fish does not interfere with easy to swim and deeply swallow the hook. Zherlitsy placed at a distance from each other and periodically inspected by the angler. When during the next inspection it is found that the zhertlitsa has worked, the angler throws out the desired prey. This is how the fishing for a zherlitsu looks in general.

A good vent should be simple, comfortable, compact in assembled form, quite sensitive (but should not work when the wind gusts), and well visible from afar. It should also cope equally well with its task, regardless of the type of reservoir, the bottom topography, and weather conditions. Now we will consider and in more detail what the tool of the tootice consists of.

A good stinker should have a foundation. It not only supports, but also closes the hole from the light (especially important in shallow water) and protects it from freezing (in freezing cold, at least). The disadvantage of a zerlitsa with a base is the fact that when dug in, the hole “lights up,” which can further frighten the predator and increase its resistance. Therefore, many lovers of fishing on zherlitsy, fall asleep hole under the base of the snow. And from above the base is covered with another layer, the task of which is to prevent the lower, masking layer from freezing.

Good bases are obtained from PCB and fiberglass. Both materials are quite strong and dense. They do not freeze into ice and do not burn their hands like metal. At the same time they are more durable than any plywood and more resistant to deformation than plastic. As for the dimensions of the base, the most convenient as practice shows, is a square part with a side of 180 mm. At a distance of about 30 mm from the center of the base to either side, a hole is made for fastening the stand.

Rack and alarm

The stand on which the coil and the spring with the flag are mounted is the main working part of the stubby. The spring should be long enough for the angler to see it from different points of the reservoir, but convenient for transportation. A coil and sometimes a signal spring are mounted on the stand. But more often the spring is placed on the base, slightly away from the rack. The flag is placed on the spring. It should be large and bright. It is advisable to paint it in any unusual color, so as not to confuse your outlaw with someone else, and accurately identify it from afar.

The optimal diameter of the coil is 6-7 cm, and the width is up to 1.2 cm. The coil must contain enough fishing line so that it can be caught at different depths, and in the case of bite, do not worry that the predator exhausts the entire fishing line before hooking. The way in which the coil is attached to the rack depends on the model of the coil itself. The course of the coil should not be too tight so that the fish could easily unwind the line from it. But too easy move is also not welcome.

When installing the outrigger, the spring bends and rests against the coil so that when the fishing line is unwound, the reel, rotating, releases the spring. It is recommended to apply a contrast pattern on the outer surface of the coil. Then you can see from afar that it rotates and make sure that the spring worked precisely because of the bite.

Tooling zherlitsy

To equip a zherlitsa, a monofilament line with a diameter of up to 0.4 mm would be best. It must extinguish the jerks of a large predator, so braided cords in this case are not quite suitable. In addition, braids easily cut on the edge of the ice and heavily frosting. On the reel is usually wound around 25 meters of fishing line. At the same time, it is important to ensure that the winding does not reach the edges of the spool, otherwise it may jump off and become entangled when snatching fish. In general, the principle here is simple - the longer the length, the more time the angler has to notice the bite. A sliding weight is put on the fishing line through the running end, which is attached with a stopper at a distance of about 15 cm from the end. As for the weight of the sinker, then 12-15 grams is quite enough. The stopper is needed so that the weight does not descend to the leash. At the end of the line is attached a carbine, and on it - a 25-centimeter leash with a hook. Many use a double line as a leash. It is mounted in such a way that after eating one end, the fish remains on the second. This is useful, given that professional fishing on a zherlitsu involves the abandonment of metal leashes. The size of the hooks depends on what kind of prey you are counting on and which bait fish you use.

Fishing process

Now let's figure out how to catch a zherlitsu. For starters, the hook is put on the hook. It is necessary to stick it carefully so that he still lives, the more the better. There are many ways to make live bait. The simplest and most common of them is the establishment of a hook under the dorsal fin. Doing this should be done carefully so as not to catch the spine. Then with the help of a stopper stopping the sinker, the depth of the live bait is regulated. The bait is lowered into the water, and it remains only to cock the spring. Before you use the new zherlitsu, it is worth checking how well the spring works. Zherlitsa is installed directly on the hole, closing it. Livestock strives to float to the surface, which means that the sinker is not enough.

Experienced anglers know that the predator is poorly caught on live bait from another reservoir, so it is advisable to use a local fish. Fishing for zechlitsy pike and does may prove ineffectual if you offer the predator of another living bait. It's hard to say how she feels, but what feels is a fact. The same applies to other fish species that are caught on the toe. Fishing for fish sticks on a river is different from fishing on a pond, except in places where people are looking for fish.

Sometimes this gear is used for catching catfish. The peculiarities of such fishing are in the selection of the place and the strong attachment of the swordsman. The rig is placed in those places where the som carries out its nightly “walks”. Therefore, before you start fishing, you need to find out where the path is located. When fishing for catfish, the frog is often used, which is tied in such a way that it can move freely. To fix the tackle is very hard, as the weight of a catfish can reach hundreds of kilograms.

If you notice that the mounts are slowly and evenly unwound, do not rush to the sweep. This means that the predator took bait in the mouth and dragged it to shelter. And if the reel is spinning quickly, and the fishing line is always in a strained position, it means that the fish self-spotted, and it should be started to draw out as soon as possible. If you go up to the piercing, you see that it is wound up, and the line is directed towards the shore, then, most likely, a small pike pecked. Such specimens are always hungry, so they can safely vyvovyvat. Large specimens pull prey to a depth, and away from the coast.

Raise zherlitsu worth neatly. It is necessary to immediately make a short but strong cutting. It is not necessary to force the movement of large specimens, even if the tackle allows it. If the fishing line is weakened, you need to tighten, and if it is pulled out - let go. Let the predator get a little tired, and then you will easily pull it out from under the ice.

Fishing for zherlitsy pike most common. However, another predator is caught on this tackle: perch, pike perch, catfish and burbot. There are no fundamental differences in the technique of catching one or another fish. The difference can only be in the place of fishing and the form of bait. For example, if you are interested in winter fishing for burbot on tots, then you should look for holes with cold keys where this fish likes to dwell. If you catch a perch, a single hook and a small live bait will be enough. Fishing for zander is a zherlitsy very similar to catching pike. To catch a catfish tackle must be massive (thick fishing line and large strong hooks). Soma is sought exclusively in the pits.

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Model zherlitsy. Experienced fishermen know that the success of fishing and the pleasure that it brings largely depend on the correct choice of the perpetrator. If the model is unsuccessful, then the favorite thing can turn into a complete torment. The figure above shows the type of zherlits, which is currently considered the most successful. Perhaps such a stupid one only drawback - it sweeps snow. For the rest, some advantages, namely:

  1. Not confused during transportation.
  2. It is quickly transferred from the transport state to the working state.
  3. Large plastic base. In light frost, it prevents the well from freezing. And in the strong - it will be enough to clean the hole a couple of times a day.
  4. Tackle works well when biting and practically does not resist the predator. So he can calmly swallow bait.
  5. Zherlitsa quickly going. To understand how important this is, you need to go fishing with two dozen zerlits.

Leads. When using metal leashes in the equipment of a zherlitsa, its efficiency decreases several times. In the deaf of the dead, this can lead to total failure. Practice shows that the predator is not afraid of thick fishing line, but fears thin metal leashes.

Installation zherlits. It is more convenient to expose a stupid person together, when one angler drills a hole, and the second adjusts the gear. It is advisable to finish the preparation of the toads until dawn, so that in the future once again not to go to the place of fishing. Wells are usually made in a straight line in several rows, so that they are easy to find at dusk. The distance between the holes can reach 10 meters. In the process of fishing, depending on the bite, some zherlitsy move. As practice shows, mobility in this case is more important than the number of gear. Putting a few zherlits near worked, you can get a great result in a couple of hours.

Zhivets. Perch shows itself best as live bait. He never tangles a snap and is a desirable prey for a large predator. As an alternative, roach or white bream, but it is better to try to get a perch.

Fish bites the line. Winter fishing for sticks, as already mentioned, suggests that the hook is worn directly on the fishing line. This imposes a number of difficulties on the fishing process. Often snacking fishing line occurs at the time of hooking, when the fishing line lies in the toothed mouth, and the angler pulls it. Therefore, it is necessary to cut it very carefully. When the fishing line goes under the water, and the reel is unwound, you can pause and stretch. The effort of the fish will be enough for the hook to pierce her lip. Of course, you can pull the line a little, but without fanaticism. If the fish is successfully spotted, then there are two dangerous moments - the beginning of the haul out and the end. At first, the fish has a lot of strength to resist and it will definitely do it. Here you should not make great effort to the line. To pull the line is only in the event that the fish itself comes to you. For the rest, let her get tired. When the fish is already near the hole, it opens a second wind. Sometimes, in order to remove prey from a well, it has to be brought up to ten times.

Over time, the angler begins to feel the behavior of the fish, where she has a hook stuck. If he sits shallowly, the fish can squirm, shake his head and open his mouth. In this case, the fishing line will walk along its teeth, and an excessive stretch can create conditions for cutting. With deep ingestion, the fish behaves more stably.

If the flag has worked, but the reel is stationary, pull the line is very careful, as the fish can throw bait in response to the jerk of the line. To stimulate the predator to be active, you can tap your foot near the hole. If that doesn't work, just put the flag back in place. Sometimes an inactive predator decides to swallow up to ten minutes.


The predator fishing begins as soon as the first ice appears on the pond. Fishing for zherlitsy on the first frost is most interesting, since the fish is still very active. Usually the fish bite well until about the New Year. Then the nibble begins to decline. It all depends on what kind of specific winter it is. If it is warm, with slight frosts and frequent thaws, the activity of the fish can persist throughout the winter. The role is also played by precipitation and pressure. In general, the winter activity of fish is quite difficult to predict, since it depends on many factors.

Fishing for zherlitsy summer also received distribution. It allows you to catch overgrown areas in which spinning bait are ineffective. But it is in such places that the predator loves to stand in the summer. The principal structure of the summer smack is no different from the winter one. The only difference is that it is mounted on a long stick and instead of a reel has a flyer or some other element that is convenient to wind the fishing line.

Independent manufacture of gear

The question of how to make a hoax for winter fishing, is also very relevant. This allows not so much to save as to realize all their preferences based on experience. Making a stubby yourself is not at all difficult. Plywood is usually used for the base, and a short tube or stick is used for the stand. The rest is a matter of technique.


Many people believe that fishing for a zherlitsu is primitive and completely unsporting. The reason for this, obviously, is the picture that can be observed on most reservoirs in the winter: hundreds of stupidly placed stupid specimens, which from time to time are checked by not particularly inspired anglers. It all depends on the approach. If the fisherman is determined to succeed, and he likes to catch intelligently, then any tackle can become sporting. Moreover, there are a lot of important subtleties in the zherlitsa, and the understanding of some of them comes only with experience. We today reviewed the main features and rules of winter fishing on the stubby.