My Pedigree by Alexander Pushkin
The poem My Pedigree (1830) is an original attempt by the poet to discover the world of his ancestors, and also to understand what is destined for him himself, as the successor of the great noble family.
At the same time Pushkin tries to deny himself of noble origin: "I'm not a nobleman on the cross ... I'm just a Russian philistine". Subsequently, in a letter to Benckendorff, he even calls himself a commoner.
Brief pedigree of Pushkin
The tree of the genus Alexander Sergeevich up to the 4th tribe includes the following ancestors:
Sarah Yuryevna Pushkin (Rzhevskaya) (1721-1790)
Abram Petrovich Hannibal (1696-1781)
Particularly active is the genealogy of Pushkin Alexander Sergeevich is being studied from his great historical ancestor - Abram Petrovich Hannibal. Arap in origin, great-grandfather's great-grandfather's great-grandfather. Before baptism, according to individual sources, bore the name of Ibrahim. He was brought to Russia from Constantinople, while still a child, and was presented to the Emperor Peter the Great (1705-1706). The young arap became the godchild of the emperor, was beside him permanently and accompanied all the campaigns.
Since 1717, he studied engineering in Paris. In 1723 he returned to Russia and entered the military service. Also Hannibal lectures, writes textbooks on fortification and geometry, leads the Imperial Library, etc.
However, after the death of Peter Hannibal sent to exile in Siberia, and in 1731 sent to the Baltic States. Here he settles down for many years and is engaged in the construction of military fortifications and a port in the Estonian province (Estonia), and in 1742 becomes the commandant of Revel (Tallinn).
Abram Petrovich was married twice. His first wife was Yevdokia Diopter (1731), the daughter of the captain of the galley fleet. However, the relationship between the spouses did not work out, the marriage was short-lived. But the divorce proceedings dragged on for many years. There were no joint children with the spouses, respectively, Pushkin's pedigree is not connected with Eudoxia Diopter. At the same time, after the husband's imprisonment, Hannibal's little daughter, Evdokia Diopter, and her lover, Shishkov's conductor, remained in their arms.
Osip Abramovich Hannibal (1744-1806)
The grandfather of the great poet was the third son in the family of Abram Petrovich and Christina-Regina. Osip served in naval artillery, and having risen to the rank of captain of the 2nd rank, retired (1772). However, he did not aspire to military honors. Osip Abramovich was noted for his generosity and extravagance, which was the reason for his quarrel with his father. In 1773, Osip Abramovich was married to Maria Alexeyevna Pushkina, the daughter of a former Tambov governor.
Because of the large debts that Osip Abramovich had, the spouses had to sell the village in the Yaroslavl district (dowry of Maria Alekseevna) and move to live with her husband's parents. The troubles, however, did not end there. After a while, after the birth of the daughter of Hope (1755), Osip Abramovich secretly leaves his wife and settles in Mikhailovskoye. Here he resorts to deception (announces the wife of the deceased) and concludes a second marriage - with the landowner Ustinya Tolstoy, the widow of the captain. In passing, the frivolous hero manages to make new debts and solve them with the help of his second wife.
However, deception was discovered, after which complaints against both wives fell on Osip Abramovich. At the same time, Maria Alekseevna even resorted to the protection of Empress Catherine II. As a result, Osip Abramovich was sent for seven years to the naval service in the Black Sea (where at that time the military events of the Russo-Turkish war were unfolding), and his second marriage was considered invalid. Accordingly, the pedigree of Pushkin was not associated with the name of Ustinya Tolstoy.
The rest of his life, Osip Abramovich lived in Mikhailovskoye. His daughter Nadezhda, born in her first marriage, continued to be brought up with her mother.
Nadezhda Osipovna Pushkin (1775-1836)
Thus, the genealogy of Pushkin continued on Nadezhda Osipovna Pushkina (born Hannibal) - the mother of the future poet. She was very handsome - in society she was called a beautiful little creature, well-read and educated. In a secular society, Nadezhda Osipovna behaved easily and at ease, causing universal admiration. One of the admirers of the "beautiful Creole" was Sergei Lvovich Pushkin, the future father of the great poet. Their marriage, concluded in 1796, safely lasted 40 years, until the death of Nadezhda Osipovna.
Touching in their love for each other, Pushkin's spouses, however, did not differ in their sensitivity to their children. The style of upbringing in the family was predominantly despotic. Relations between mother and son, Alexander Pushkin, for a long time were complex. In connection with this, the young poet took his entry into the Lyceum with joy and relief rather than with sadness. However, even at a more mature age, the mother and son become closer to each other. And during the Pushkin's Mikhaylovskaya exile, it was Nadezhda Osipovna who petitioned for the son's departure for treatment from the village.
Buried Nadezhda Osipovna was in Svyatogorsk monastery. The pedigree of Pushkin Alexander Sergeevich thus ends here. While present at the burial, Pushkin himself expressed a desire to be buried in the future next to his mother.