For many Americans, the 37th US President Richard Nixon was a real disappointment. The reason for this - scandalous final of his reign, crossed out all the good deeds of politics. In addition, turning back, historians find more and more evidence that Nixon's rule was built on total control and hypocrisy.
Richard Nixon was born on January 9, 1913 in the city of Yorba Linda, California. His father, Francis, arrived in the USA from Scotland. His dynasty was very revered at home, and so he tried to adhere to the old traditions. In addition, the head of the family had an unusual habit of calling children the names of ancient kings. For example, Richard is a retribution of honor to an English ruler of the 12th century, Richard the Lionheart.
The boy's mother, Hannah Nixon, was a Quaker. Under her influence, faith was taken not only by sons, but also by her husband. Subsequently, the whole family adhered to strict conservative views, which repeatedly put them in a quandary. In particular, it was difficult for them to conduct business negotiations, because of what the business on the farm went worse than ever. Eventually, the Nixons had to quit the ranch and in 1922 move to Whittier - a city populated mostly by Quakers.
Here things went a little better: Francis opened his own grocery store, and then another and a gas station. However, soon a new misfortune struck their family. In 1925, from an unknown disease, Richard's younger brother, Arthur, dies. Grief strongly affects their family, which the future president will repeatedly remember in his memoirs.
School Richard Nixon graduated with honors - he was considered one of the best in it. It is therefore not surprising that he was offered a higher education at Harvard. However, his family could not accept this offer. Blame the banal shortage of cash: although the training itself was free, living and eating on the campus is very expensive.
Therefore, abandoning dreams of Harvard, Richard Nixon entered Whittier College. After that, he went to law school at Duke University.
The Beginning of Adulthood
In 1937, Nixon graduated from law, and then settled in law firm in his native California. In the same year he was admitted to the Bar, which allowed him to spread his wings and begin to fulfill his duties.
In his books, Richard Nixon admitted that he never liked the profession of a lawyer. Endless paperwork related to protecting the rights of oil companies, plagued his mind and soul. And yet it was the lawyer's work that helped him acquire those skills that would help manage the whole country in the future.
As for most Americans, World War II for Richard Nixon began after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941. Then the young lawyer readily gave up his lawyer and went to serve in the US Navy. Less than a year, an ambitious young man rose to the rank of lieutenant.
In serious battles Nixon did not participate, but the position of an officer could give him a good place in the army. However, in 1946, the young military broke his contract with the Navy for a better offer.
The world of politics
In 1946, Richard Nixon put forward his candidacy for the post of member of the House of Representatives from the State of California. Then in his victory many doubted, but fate was supportive of the new player. After the victory, he becomes a representative of the congress, and part-time - a member of the Commission for the investigation of anti-American policy.
In 1948, Nixon was entrusted with the work of the Soviet spy Whittaker Chambers. Unraveling the thread behind the thread, the politician reveals a whole network of conspirators. This brings him the glory and gratitude of the American people. Therefore, when in 1950 he ran for the post of Senator of California, the voters fully support him.
In 1953, Richard Nixon became vice-president. Staying in this post, he is carrying out many reforms, which bring him unprecedented popularity. However, it will not be enough to win the election race in 1960 by John F. Kennedy.
Richard Nixon - US President
Only in 1968, Nixon wins the presidential election. His main trump card was the promise to end the war in Vietnam. However, on ascension to the throne, he did not hasten to fulfill the given to voters word. Instead, he helped the Vietnamese troops attack Cambodia. This led to the beginning of a riot in the country, which forced the president to curtail the military campaign in Asia at an accelerated pace.
Otherwise, the Americans approved the decisions that Richard Nixon was taking. The policy of the new leader was aimed at reconciling old enemies: the US and the USSR. And he did it - the ice of the "cold war" began to gradually fade away. No less successful were his talks with China, which served as a good ground for new economic relations.
The internal policy of Richard Nixon also pleased voters, at least initially. He was the first president of the United States, who traveled all 50 states. In addition, he stopped inflation in the country, stabilized the economy and made a significant contribution to the development of science. It was during his reign that the American shuttle Apollo landed on the moon.
The Dark Side of the President
Alas, Nixon's rule had negative aspects too. His economic reforms stabilized the dollar, but led to the collapse of many farmers who could not pay new taxes. Being a conservative, he supported the South in an effort to get rid of dark-skinned children in schools. Official statistics say that during his rule, the number of African-American schoolchildren in the southern states fell to 8% (before that, the rates ranged from 40-68%).
However, the last straw was the news that Richard Nixon is secretly tracking down his rivals. At the same time, he used not only people, but also special wiretapping, which violated constitutional human rights. This fact caused a huge wave of discontent among Americans, which is why on August 9, 1974 Richard Nixon had to resign.