Since ancient times mankind has known fairy tales. They always served as an auxiliary tool for the formation and correction of the child's behavior, instilled in him the notions of good and evil, justice and injustice. Now, fairy tales have become the object of an entire science - skazko-therapy, which at the professional level forms recommendations for the development and upbringing of children.
General characteristic of fairy tale therapy
The treatment of fairy tales is applied to both children and adults. However, in connection with the peculiarities of the development of the psyche, emotions and will, skazko-therapy for preschool children is most effective. It is necessary if the child has behavioral and emotional problems: insecurity, capriciousness, anxiety, shyness, fear. Also, this method can help children with hearing, vision, musculoskeletal disorders. Of course, the correction of preschool children by fairy tale therapy can only be carried out by a specialist in this field - a child psychologist or a teacher.
If a child has such problems and parents understand that they can not deal with them alone, then it is necessary to contact a professional.
Kinds of "medical" tales
The development of speech
Undeveloped speech is becoming an increasingly serious and urgent problem of our time. Contribute to this cheap modern literature, a decline in the level of culture, a primitive language of cartoons and commercials. In connection with this, modern science faces the task of finding new forms of education and training for children, which form the prerequisites for their comprehensive development. At the forefront in this process is the creation of literate speech of the child. It should be noted that the intellectual growth of the baby depends on the level of development of speech abilities, so serious attention must be given to this problem. Many scientists with the help of the conducted studies have proved that the development of the preschooler's speech by fairy tale therapy is the most effective and accessible way for him to improve his conversational abilities.
Goals and principles of speech fairy tale therapy
The goal of this work is always the use of fairy tales as a means of developing coherent speech in preschool children. Achieve this goal is possible by analyzing the work of domestic and foreign scientists on this topic, the practical use of existing methods to solve problems of speech development with the subsequent identification of the effectiveness of each stage of the work performed.
Fairy tale therapy for preschoolers should be a process that is based on the following principled positions:
- Correction should be approached gradually, starting with simple exercises and ending with more complex ones.
- In the process of work, it is necessary to create conditions that will help the child to realize himself due to the received knowledge and experience.
- A necessary condition for quality work is the presence of integrity and continuity. In other words, it is impossible to restrict the activities of one specialist, to help him should come both parents and educators.
The tasks of fairy tale therapy
The program on skazkoterapii for preschool children puts before itself achievement of the following tasks:
- The development of speech with the help of retellings, third-person stories, joint storytelling and storytelling, as well as writing your own fairy tales.
- Identification of the creative abilities of the child, assistance in their development.
- Reducing the level of aggression and anxiety.
- Development of communication skills.
- Training to overcome fears and difficulties.
- The development of the ability to correctly express emotions.
- Creating a sustainable link between the child, the parent and the teacher.
Than verbal fairy-tale therapy for preschoolers
Features of the mental development of children are such that well-developed imaginative thinking allows them to think about phenomena and objects, and compare them even when they are inaccessible to sight. Listening to a fairy tale, a child forms a model of reality, interprets what is happening in it into reality.
The use of fairy tales for preschoolers depends on their age and the object of the work. Since 3 years old children like to listen to stories about animals, about their interaction with people. This is justified by the fact that at this time they often associate themselves with animals, sometimes reincarnate in them and imitate them.
At the age of 5-6 years, preschooler begins to associate themselves with people and are therefore more susceptible to fairy tales "with a human face". The main purpose of this period is a moral lesson that needs to understand and comprehend the child.
Correctly chosen tales will be easily perceived by children and will develop their speech by perception, memorization and interpretation of what they heard. The decisive factor in the upbringing of the child will be high-quality fairy tale therapy for preschool children. The course notes are easy to find. Therefore, in some cases, you can try to conduct an independent "recovery".
Сказкотерапия для дошкольников: summary of speech development on the fairy tale "Fly-Tsokotukha"
- Common tasks: to generate knowledge about insects in the environment, to relieve stress through music and various exercises.
- Tasks for speech development: using adjectives to replenish your child's vocabulary to develop expressive speech by answering questions, teach to enunciate the sounds to develop Dialogic communication.
- Tasks for education: to instill love for fairy tales, to teach to empathize, to do good deeds and to treat people kindly.
It is also necessary to properly "enter" a fairy tale, prepare children for the start of a magical journey. You can tell them that they are flying on a carpet-plane, and after landing it will be in a magical fairy-tale country. At this time, a soundtrack with singing birds and the sounds of nature should sound. Then the children put on hats with an image of insects, and a fairy tale begins.
While playing fairy tales, children get used to their roles, are interested in events. It is important that each child independently speaks the text he has prepared. Different parts of the work will help to carry out many useful exercises.
In the process of telling a lot of vocabulary work, the exercise "Loving", which consists in admiring the fly, develops sympathy, noble feelings. The dialogue becomes more interesting for children, and the poetic form of the exposition of the work helps to consolidate the variety of words and expressions in memory.
During the reproduction of the fairy tale, you can also hold a conversation about the fact that you can not leave a friend in trouble, conduct articulatory gymnastics, during which children should show by emotions what tasty jam is in the fly. Exercise "Fear", which must be carried out while stealing a fly spider, will teach children to portray fear, will play an important role in the development of facial expressions.
It is also important to make the right "exit" from the fairy tale, ask the children to remember all the important points and explain what benefit the occupation brought them.
Methods used in speech therapy
The development of speech with fairy tales includes a number of successive actions and techniques, including directorial, verbal play and commenting, pantomime, musical and rhythmic riddles. Often, joint improvisation, fantasy with music and speech games are effective.
Fairy tale therapy for preschool children is an effective method in speech therapy, thanks to it the child has many useful skills, including independence, activity, creativity, emotionality.
Vocabulary work with the fairy tale as art form and system of knowledge about the world forms the child's active vocabulary, verbal and non-verbal imagination, lays the Foundation of his creative abilities. Also thanks to the tale preschooler gains experience, learns to understand others, creates metaphors.
Of course, in the development of speech different methods are effective, such as memorizing verses, repeated repetition of tongue twisters, mimic exercises. However, almost the most effective, interesting and informative way to improve conversational abilities is skazkoterapiya for preschoolers. Examples of fairy tales are in the public domain, and if desired, parents, without consulting a specialist, can independently try this effective method on their child.