All gardening gardeners must be familiar with honeysuckle. The original inflorescences of this plant have several color options and can be up to five centimeters in length. This article will cover the care of this vine, as well as the reproduction of honeysuckle green cuttings, and a little about the individual representatives of the species. In the people, this plant has long been associated with love and loyalty.
Before studying the reproduction of honeysuckle green cuttings, it is necessary to find out what kind of plant it is and where it came from in our gardens. In the wild it can be found in the Caucasus and in Southern Europe.
Flowers produce a pleasant fresh scent, which is greatly enhanced with the onset of the evening. The leaves are dark green on one side and a bluish tint from the wrong side. Flowers are replaced by small red berries. The life of this plant can be fifty years or more.
Recently in the Russian gardens, as well as on the Russian tables, the so-called cultivated honeysuckle has been firmly established. This plant is rightly the pride of breeders. Honeysuckle, the varieties of which will be discussed in this article, not only decorates the garden plots, but also brings a tasty and healthy harvest. Among these plants can be noted the following varieties: Kamchadalka, Dolphin, Altai, Amfora and others.
Honeysuckle Kaprifol is considered to be a particularly beautiful plant, the reproduction of which will be discussed later in this article.
A young sapling of honeysuckle should be planted on the place that will be its permanent haven. This plant does not like frequent transplants. In order for the honeysuckle to replicate with green cuttings successfully, the plant must be healthy and strong. This is facilitated not only by proper care, but also by proper fit. Before planting, the soil must be well loosened and moistened. Also in the pit or trench the day before you need to make fertilizer. And if done correctly, the reproduction of honeysuckle cuttings in the summer will have no difficulty.
We will understand now how to care for honeysuckle. First of all, it is necessary to produce loosening of the soil, as well as regular destruction of weeds. If the rain falls a little, you need to provide the plant the necessary watering. To do this, create a groove having a ring shape at a distance of fifty centimeters from the bush itself. As soon as the water poured into these grooves is absorbed, they are filled up and the soil is mulched over them. Thus, it is possible to produce at least three irrigations per season.
Speaking about how to care for honeysuckle, you should also mention feedings. Honeysuckle feed twice a year. The first time is in spring, when the buds bloom, and the second time - at the end of June. It is also important to produce pruning plants on time.
Honeysuckle cuttings (green cuttings)
To get green cuttings, you need to cut those shoots that have appeared in the current year, but have not had time to stiffen. And this should be done in the middle of May, after the bush has completely faded, and the very first green berries have appeared. If cuttings are cut before the prescribed time, then, most likely, they will not take root, and late cut copies will not form a healthy plant, since their root system will develop very poorly.
In order to reproduce honeysuckle cuttings in the summer was successful, the shoots cut diagonally on a cool day and in the morning. Better if the weather is cloudy. Each shoot will give you a few cuttings.Each copy should be at least seven and not more than twelve centimeters in length and have three buds. Upper leaves are best reduced by half.
This is done in order to reduce the amount of moisture that can evaporate.
After all the preparatory measures, the cuttings are soaked in water or in a solution of substances that stimulate the formation of the root system. There they spend the whole day and only after that they can be planted in the ground in one of three existing ways.
Reproduction of edible honeysuckle in order to obtain a large number of cuttings with a developed root system (for example, for sale) requires the use of a cuttings. This box, which consists of four boards and has no bottom. Its size can be any. The outer surface of this box is covered with insulation. Inside there is a drainage, on top of which the soil mix of soil, sand and peat is poured. A layer of river sand is applied to the top, about three centimeters thick. All this is well watered, and then, armed with a stick or even just a ball-point pen, make holes that are spaced from each other at a distance of five centimeters. The cuttings are placed in these holes, compacted with earth and watered. This bed is wrapped with film.
The second method is somewhat simpler. It involves the use of a conventional square-shaped wooden box, the side of which is equal to fifty centimeters. It is filled with a mixture consisting of four parts of the earth and one part of sand. Further, all procedures are performed in the same way as in the first variant - watering and making holes. After being covered with polyethylene, a box with cuttings is placed in the shade.
And, finally, the third variant of planting, which is also the easiest, is planting cuttings in open ground, followed by hiding a plastic bottle.
In all variants of planting cuttings should be watered regularly, as well as provide them with access to fresh air.You can air the plants in various ways, but do not be in a hurry to fully unfold and remove the film. It is best to wait with this until the end of the summer. In winter, seedlings are well covered with fallen leaves and snow. In the spring, strong plants are transplanted to where they will grow constantly, and the weak ones can be left in the greenhouse for another season.
Reproduction with stiff cuttings
If for some reason you did not have time to cut the green cuttings, do not hurry to get upset. You can propagate honeysuckle with stiff cuttings. Cut them necessary after the leaves fall. This is usually the end of September or the beginning of October. One-year branches are selected that have at least two and a maximum of five internodes. Harvested cuttings are wrapped in a wet sacking, instilled with sawdust or sand and stored in a cool place. As soon as spring comes, these blanks are planted in loose soil at an angle of forty-five degrees, leaving only the upper kidney above the ground. The first roots should be expected somewhere in three weeks. Unfortunately, the percentage of rooting of such cuttings is not too large and is only 10-20%.
Other breeding methods
There are also other ways of breeding honeysuckle. One of them - with the help of layering.To do this, dig up and loosen the soil around the bush (do it in June) and with the help of a curved wire pin the lower branches to the ground. Now they need to sprinkle with earth and leave until next spring.
Another simple method is dividing a bush. In early spring or autumn, they dig up a bush. Then, with the help of a secateur, it should be carefully divided into several parts and spread out in different places. So you can propagate only those bushes that are no more than five years old.
A real decoration of any garden is honeysuckle Kaprifol. She is not only very beautiful, but also creates a wonderful aroma in the garden, which is intensified with the onset of the evening. As a result of the fruitful labor of breeders, the world saw a huge number of varieties of this vine. They differ among themselves not only in the color of flowers, but also in the type of leaves.
This honeysuckle requires a minimum amount of attention. Be sure to prepare a support for it or plant a plant near a wall or some surface located vertically. In any case, a condition is necessary for the vertical growth of the vine, which can reach five meters in the garden plot.
Honeysuckle grafting Kaprifol is absolutely inappropriate. This is due to the fact that its shoots can not only twist around a support, but also cling to rough surfaces with small root processes. And this greatly simplifies the whole process of reproduction.
In this article we examined the reproduction of honeysuckle green cuttings, as well as in other ways. Whichever one you choose, if you follow all the simple rules, you will get an excellent ornamental, as well as a very useful plant for your garden.