All lovers of garden gardening are probably familiar with honeysuckle. The original inflorescences of this plant have several variants of coloring and can reach a length of up to five centimeters. This article will consider the care of this creeper, as well as the reproduction of honeysuckle with green cuttings, and a little bit about individual species representatives. In the people this plant has long been associated with love and faithfulness.
Before studying the reproduction of honeysuckle with green cuttings, it is necessary to find out what kind of plant it is and where it came from in our gardens. In the wild, it can be found in the Caucasus and southern Europe.
Flowers produce a pleasant fresh aroma, which is greatly enhanced with the onset of the evening. The leaves are dark green on one side and bluish tinge from the back surface. Flowers are replaced by red berries of small size. The life span of this plant can be fifty years or more.
Recently, the so-called cultivated honeysuckle has firmly established in Russian gardens, as well as on Russian tables. This plant is rightfully the pride of breeders. Honeysuckle, whose varieties will be considered in this article, not only decorates the garden plots, but also brings a delicious and healthy harvest. Among such plants it is possible to note the following varieties: Kamchadalka, Dolphin, Altai, Amphora and others.
The most beautiful plant is the honeysuckle Capryfall, the reproduction of which will be discussed later in this article.
A young seedling of honeysuckle should be planted in a place that will be its permanent haven. This plant very much does not like frequent transplants. That the reproduction of honeysuckle by green cuttings was successful, the plant should be healthy and strong. This is facilitated not only by proper care, but also by proper planting. Before planting, the soil must be well loosened and moistened. Also in the pit or trench the day before you need to make fertilizer. And if everything is done correctly, then the reproduction of honeysuckle cuttings in summer will not be difficult.
Care of the plant
Let's figure out how to care for honeysuckle. First of all, it is necessary to produce loosening of the soil, as well as regular destruction of the weeds. If precipitation falls a little, then you need to provide the plant with the necessary watering. To do this, grooves are created that have the shape of a ring at a distance of fifty centimeters from the bush itself. As soon as the water poured into these hollows, will be absorbed, they fall asleep and mulch the soil over them. Thus, it is possible to produce at least three waterings per season.
Speaking about how to care for honeysuckle, you must also mention the feeding. Feed the honeysuckle twice a year. The first time in the spring, when buds bloom, and the second time - in late June. It is also important to prune plants in time.
Cuttings of honeysuckle (green cuttings)
To get green cuttings, you need to cut those shoots that appeared this year, but have not yet managed to stiffen. And it should be done in mid-May, after the bush has completely faded, and the very first green berries appeared. If cuttings are cut before the time required, then, most likely, they will not survive, and later cut off specimens will not form a healthy plant, since their root system will develop very poorly.
To reproduce the honeysuckle cuttings in the summer was successful, the shoots are cut obliquely on a cool day and in the morning. It's better if the weather is overcast. Each escape will give you several cuttings.Each specimen must be at least seven and not more than twelve centimeters long and have three buds. Upper leaves are best halved.
This is done in order to reduce the amount of moisture that can evaporate.
After all the preparations, the cuttings are soaked in water or in a solution of substances that stimulate the formation of the root system. There they spend the whole day and only after that they can be planted in the ground in one of three existing ways.
Reproduction of honeysuckle edible in order to obtain a large number of cuttings with a developed root system (for example, for sale) requires the use of a canopy. It is a box that consists of four boards and has no bottom. The size of it can be anything. The outer surface of this box is covered with a heater. Inside, a drainage is placed on top of which the soil mixture is buried from the ground, sand and peat. At the top is a layer of river sand, the thickness of which is about three centimeters. All this is well watered, and then, armed with a stick or even just a ballpoint pen, make holes that are located one from another at a distance of five centimeters. Cuttings are placed in these holes, compacted with earth and watered. All this beds are wrapped in film.
The second method is somewhat simpler. It involves the use of an ordinary wooden box of a square shape, the side of which is fifty centimeters. It is filled with a mixture consisting of four parts of the earth and one part of the sand. Further, all procedures are carried out in the same way as in the first variant - watering and hole making. After covering with polyethylene, the box with cuttings is placed in the shade.
And, finally, the third variant of planting, which in combination is the simplest, is the planting of cuttings into the open ground, followed by covering with a plastic bottle.
In all types of planting cuttings should be regularly watered, as well as provide them with fresh air.Airing plants can be various ways, but fully unfold and remove the film do not rush. It is best to wait until the end of the summer. For the winter, the seedlings are well covered with fallen leaves and snow. In spring, strong plants are transplanted to where they will grow permanently, and the fragile plants can be left in the greenhouse for another season.
Reproduction by stiff cuttings
If for some reason you do not have time to cut green cuttings, do not hurry upset. You can propagate honeysuckle with stubby cuttings. Cut them off after falling off the leaves. This is usually the end of September or the beginning of October. Select annual branches, which have a minimum of two, and a maximum of five internodes. Harvested cuttings are wrapped in wet sackcloth, buried with sawdust or sand and kept in a cool place. As soon as spring comes, these blanks are planted in a loose ground at an angle of forty-five degrees, leaving only the upper kidney above the ground. The first roots should be expected somewhere in three weeks. Unfortunately, the percentage of rooting of such cuttings is not too large and is only 10-20%.
Other ways of reproduction
There are also other ways of reproduction of honeysuckle. One of them - with the help of layers.To do this, dig through and loosen the soil around the bush (do it in June) and with the help of a curved wire the lower branches pin to the ground. Now they need to be sprinkled with earth and left so until next spring.
Another easy way is to divide the bush. In the early spring or autumn the bush is excavated. Then, using a secateur, it should be carefully divided into several parts and placed in different places. So you can propagate only those bushes that are not more than five years old.
A real horticulture of any garden is the honeysuckle Capryfall. She is not only very beautiful, but also creates a wonderful scent in the garden, which intensifies with the onset of the evening. As a result of the fruitful work of breeders, the world saw a huge number of varieties of this creeper. They differ among themselves not only in the coloring of flowers, but also in the kind of leaves.
This honeysuckle requires a minimum amount of attention. Be sure to prepare a support for it or plant the plant near a wall or some surface that is located vertically. In any case, it is necessary for the vertical growth of the vine, which can reach five meters in the garden area.
Cuttings of honeysuckle Capryfall is absolutely inappropriate. This is due to the fact that its shoots can not only twist the support, but also cling to the rough surfaces with small root shoots. And this greatly simplifies the whole process of reproduction.
In this article we have considered the reproduction of honeysuckle by green cuttings, as well as in other ways. Whichever one you choose, with all the simple rules, you will get a beautiful decorative, as well as very useful plant for your garden.