Femoden is a combined oral contraceptive for systemic use. Active and auxiliary substances - the components that make up the tool "Femoden". Instructions, reviews report that the desired effect of the product is achieved through the action of gestodene and ethinyl estradiol.
"Femoden" refers to drugs with a low dosage of hormones. It inhibits the synthesis of estrogen, the presence of which is required for the maturation of follicles. The contraceptive effect of the drug is based on a combination of several factors interacting with each other, the most important of which is inhibition of ovulation, changes in the secretion of cervical mucus. The drug has an effect on the endometrium, making it less susceptible to the binding of the blastocyst. Androgenic activity is absent.
Contraceptive "Femoden" make the cycle regular, and menstruation less painful. The drug helps to reduce the intensity of bleeding, which reduces the risk of anemia due to iron deficiency.
The active substances "femoden" (gestodene and ethinyl estradiol) when administered orally absorbed completely and quickly enough. The initial passage of gestodene through the liver is not accompanied by its cleavage, with most ethinyl estradiol being metabolized and bound to plasma proteins. The bioavailability of the active substance is approximately 99% of the dose of the drug "Femoden". Reviews of doctors suggest that ethinyl estradiol passes into breast milk, so during lactation, its penetration into the body should be excluded. Gestodene binds to plasma albumin, which are involved in the process of binding sex steroids, and globulin. The active components are excreted as metabolites through the liver and kidneys.
Women over 40 years prescribed funds that contain small doses of estrogen. To such drugs belongs "femoden". Reviews of women after 40 years of age display information about the frequent use of this drug in the initial stages of menopause for the implementation of hormone therapy.
Tablets are used as a systemic means to prevent pregnancy. The drug is effective for violations of the menstrual cycle and heavy bleeding.
In some cases, apply "Femoden" before IVF. Reviews show that it is prescribed to those women whose previous IVF protocol was unsuccessful. Reception means is carried out taking into account individual features.
Consider contraindications for the reception of the drug "Femoden." Reviews of doctors contain some information about the use of this medicine. If the conditions in which it is forbidden to take the femoden tablets develop during the period of treatment with this drug, it should be immediately canceled. Doctors do not prescribe "Femoden" during pregnancy and when it is suspected, lactation, the climax of the hyperfollicular stage, and when the patient has such disorders:
- jaundice, severe diseases, liver tumors;
- diabetes mellitus, accompanied by vascular complications with severe hypertriglyceridemia;
- violations of kidney function
- violations of cerebral circulation
- migraine, in which focal neurological manifestations
- negative reaction of the body to the components of the drug;
- congenital hyperbilirubinemia;
- vaginal bleeding, the causes of which could not be established;
- pancreatitis, in which severe hypertriglyceridemia is noted;
- arterial and venous thrombosis, the development of conditions that may lead to their appearance
- inflammation of the female genital organs
- malignant diseases of the genital organs and breasts, in which the regular intake of hormones is required, or the suspicion of their presence.
Pregnancy is possible after a certain period of time after the completion of the reception of funds "Femoden." Reviews of women who planned pregnancy after using this contraceptive show that it’s possible to think about having a baby three months after discontinuation of the drug, when ovarian function and hormones are restored.
Before using the drug, women undergo a general medical examination and a full examination by a gynecologist. The study excluded pregnancy, blood clotting disorders and a predisposition to them. Once a year (at least) women need to undergo a follow-up examination.
With regard to the reception of the drug "Femoden", instructions for use, reviews of doctors recommend starting the use of tablets on the first day of the cycle, but they can be taken on the 2nd-5th day. In this case, a barrier-type contraceptive device should be used for seven days. In cases where the medication was taken with a break of more than 12 hours, additional contraception is also needed.
If a woman previously took combined oral contraceptives, “Femoden” begin to drink the next day. If it is necessary to switch from a gestagen-based drug (mini-pili), on any day (without a break), it can be replaced by Femoden. Reviews show that after removal of the implant, you can start taking contraceptives right away. After the abolition of drugs with progestogens injection form on "Femoden" you can go on the day when the next injection was to be performed. In all cases, the first 7 days for contraception should be used additional methods of the barrier type.
Pills are intended for daily use for 21 days. It is desirable that their reception has always been done at the same time. Start a new pack after 7 days, for which there is menstrualnopodobnoe bleeding.
After an abortion, the drug is immediately consumed on the first day, and after birth, on the 21-28th day.
Irregular bleedings are possible with the use of “Femoden”. Feedback from women, however, shows that in most cases they are present only at the initial stage - within a few months. If they do not disappear after three cycles, diagnostics are required to eliminate the presence of malignant tumors and pregnancy.
Acceptance of missed pills
If the drug was taken late, which was not more than 12 hours, the protective effect deteriorates. The pill must be taken as quickly as possible, while the following should be taken at the usual time.
With a longer delay (more than 12 hours), the protective effect decreases more. You should never interrupt the use of the drug for longer than one week. For those who more than 36 hours ago took contraceptive "Femoden", reviews contain some tips:
- 1 and 2 weeks receiving funds – will have to take the missed pill, even if both have to use two pills. Following tablets need to drink at the usual time. Be sure to provide additional protection (barrier method) for 7 days. During sexual intercourse for 7 days before the missed pills there is a chance of pregnancy. The longer the drug was used and the closer the pass to break for 1 week, the higher the probability of pregnancy.
- 3rd week of the reception facilities – in addition to the actions specified in the first paragraph, note that the next pack should be started without a break, immediately after using the previous bundle of money, "Femoden". Instruction manual, reviews report that most likely withdrawal bleeding in this case would not be until the end of the second pack of pills. But can appear spotting spotting, or breakthrough uterine bleeding during the use of the drug. If there was a pass in the first day after the completion of the drug of withdrawal bleeding, the woman should be checked for pregnancy.
If vomiting occurs within 3 hours after ingestion, the components may not be fully absorbed. What should be done if there is such a result after taking the drug "Femoden"? Reviews of women contain tips that indicate that if you do not want to break the usual mode of taking pills, then if necessary, you need to drink one or more additional pills. In this situation, you can use the same recommendations as when you skip the pill.
Consider the side effects that femoden contraceptive pills can have. Reviews indicate that this tool can lead to the development of such side effects:
- change in body weight;
- nausea, vomiting;
- migraine pain;
- fluid retention
- urticaria, rash, angioedema;
- chest pain;
- chest engorgement;
- discharge from the nipples, changes in vaginal discharge;
- the formation of chloasma;
- changes in mood and libido;
- intolerance lenses for vision correction.
There are special instructions that must be considered when using the tool "Femoden." Reviews report that the effect of the drug is fully manifested after 2 weeks of its use. In this regard, in this period it is recommended to use more contraceptives that do not contain hormones.
If menstrual bleeding is heavy, you should consult with a gynecologist. If the reaction to the drug after 21 days of its use does not appear within 7 days, you can not continue to use it yourself. Need a doctor's advice about the feasibility of further administration of tablets "Femoden." Reviews show that in women who smoke, the likelihood of developing vascular disease with serious consequences, such as stroke, myocardial infarction, is significantly higher than in those patients who do not smoke. In addition, with age, this risk increases, as well as when smoking large quantities of cigarettes. With high blood pressure, there is the likelihood of thrombosis.
The drug is stopped not only with the appearance of side effects, but also with prolonged bed rest, as well as in cases where surgery is planned (6 months before it is carried out).
Drug interaction "Femoden"
What drugs while taking can reduce the contraceptive effect of the drug "Femoden"? Reviews indicate that such drugs include:
There are different reviews on the forums. Many women have side effects - changes in mood, weight, nausea and vomiting. Doctors report that Femoden is not suitable for all women, and for this reason undesirable effects may occur.
For protection from pregnancy, often prescribed pills "Femoden". Reviews show its effectiveness and in other cases, such as inflammation of the endometrium.
Analogs of the drug "Femoden"
Structural analogues of the active component include Mirell, Logest, Lindinet 20 and Lindinet 30, Artium.
The following analogs can be distinguished in the pharmacological group: “Eskinor F”, “Eskapel”, “Pharmatex”, “Trigestrel”, “Three Regol 21 + 7”, “Siluet”, “Rigevidon 21 + 7”, “Regulon”, “Postinor” , Oralkon, Novinet, NovaRing, Mirena, Mirellé, Midiana, Lindinet 20 and Lindinet 30, Lakinet, Implanon NKST, Zoëli, Genetten "," Jeanine "," Dimia "," Diane 35 "," Ginepriston "," Benatex "," Bellune 35 "," Belara ".