Economic production relations are a complex of material interactions between people. They are an integral part of the manufacturing process. Next, let us consider in more detail what the system of production relations is.
In the process of manufacturing products a person interacts not only with the environment, nature in particular. The basis of production relations involves the union of people to carry out joint activities and mutual exchange. For the production of products, people enter into certain interactions and connections, exchange experiences. In the framework of this activity, there is production and production relations. Due to the interaction between people there is not only the process of manufacturing products, but also its movement to the consumer.
Characteristics of industrial relations
In the process of labor, interaction between people is conditioned by technological needs and the organization of the process of manufacturing products. In this sense, different forms of production relations are distinguished. At the enterprise there can be an interaction between workers of different specialties, performers and organizers, connected with the division of labor in the technological plan within the collective or on a public scale. In this case we are talking about production and technical relations. However, apart from them, other types of interactions develop at the enterprise.
Production relations express the perception of property. In particular, we are talking about a personal relationship to the means of production. If they are concentrated in the hands of the whole society, then people find themselves in conditions of cooperation and mutual assistance. If the funds are from private owners, then operational production relations are formed. In this case, the owner of the manufacturer extorts surplus labor, appropriating it or its results. People who do not have basic or all means of production are inevitably dependent on the owners, as a result of which relations of subordination and domination develop.
The exploitative types include the production relations of capitalist, feudal and slave-owning formations. Together with the basic, there are also transitional interactions. In this case, under the conditions of one particular economic order, the aggregate of production relations takes place. State capitalism can serve as an example in the framework of the dictatorship of the proletariat.
Production Forces and Production Relationships
Together, these components form two sides of each manufacturing process. They are interrelated according to a certain law. Within its framework, production relations must correspond to the production forces in terms of level of development and character. By law, the first are presented as a form of formation and functioning of the second. At the same time, production relations have a certain influence on development. In particular, they can slow or speed it up. In the process of such development, there are contradictions between the increased and changed forces of production and obsolete relations. These problems can be solved through certain adjustments. In particular, production relations can be brought into line with the development of other components. The resolution of this contradiction in the antagonistic system is carried out through the social revolution. Dialectics of forces and relations reveals the factors of self-promotion of production and the essence of the historical process as a whole.
Material structure of society
It is a complex, which includes certain production social relations. This concept refers only to the basis of society, to its material system. This qualitatively distinguishes production relations from the concept of "formation." The latter describes society as a whole, in the complex of interactions existing in it. In connection with the fact that the definition of "socioeconomic structure" characterizes only production relations, it is considered to be the most important analytical tool of the material structure of a particular society, that is, the entire structure of interactions forming its foundation.
Incomplete and podkladnye structures
The production relations of this or that category can be present and exist in the social structure in different ways. Interactions of different types can form a certain way. However, there are also production relations that do not add to the system. They are present as a more or less significant appendage in the structure formed by other interactions. In this case, we are talking about a different form in which there are production relations - inept. In the case when production and further movement of products takes place within the framework of this type, the complex of interactions can be described as a sub-layer. From this it follows that relations in the conditions of production in the social organism can act as a social material mode or in an inaccurate form, and in particular as a podder. It should be noted that these categories have different meanings. The role of the established relations is incomparably greater than that of the ungodly. It should be remembered that initially the idea of the disparity of different interactions within the framework of manufacturing and promotion of products was put forward by Marx. In one of his works he wrote about secondary, tertiary and, in general, non-primary relations.
Taking into account the capacity of each socio-economic structure, which is a complex of interactions, inevitably generate an entire superstructure of habits, opinions, views, moral norms, thus being the foundation for the formation of a special way of life of society, one can speak of the appearance of the embryo of a new formation with an advanced formational way). In the same plan, to a certain extent, we can say about the preservation of the remainder of the previous structure. In it, after the revolution, along with the prevailing new way of life, the old one continues to be present, acting as a subordinate. The introduction of the definition of "socioeconomic structure" makes it possible to understand more broadly the concept of production relations and the question of their existence in the social organism. Ignoring the interactions in which the work is done, leads to a note of the workflow to certain common points. In this case, the differences between historical epochs are manifested only in the level of technical equipment. At the same time, the fundamental economic differences between social formations are disappearing. This determines the essence of the methodology of technological determinism. It has found its manifestation in various bourgeois theories about a single industrial society, the stages of material and economic development, and others. They evaluate certain societies only in terms of technical progress in them. At the same time, the denial of the dependence of industrial relations on the degree of development of the productive forces leads to arbitrariness and voluntarism.