Economic production relations are a complex of material interactions between people. They are an integral part of the product manufacturing process. Next, we consider in more detail what constitutes a system of production relations.
In the process of manufacturing products, people interact not only with the environment, nature in particular. The basis of industrial relations involves the connection of people for the implementation of joint activities and mutual exchange. For the manufacture of products, people enter into certain interactions and connections, exchange experiences. Within this activity, there is production and production relations. Due to the interaction between people, there is not only the process of manufacturing products, but also its movement to the consumer.
Characteristics of industrial relations
In the process of labor, the interaction between people is determined by technological needs and the organization of the process of manufacturing products. In this sense, there are various forms of industrial relations. The company may have interaction between workers of different specialties, performers and organizers, associated with the division of labor in the technological plan within the team or on a social scale. In this case we are talking about production and technical relations. However, besides them, other types of interactions are added to the enterprise.
Production relations express the perception of property. In particular, this is a personal attitude to the means of production. If they are concentrated in the hands of the whole society, then people find themselves in conditions of cooperation and mutual assistance. If the funds are held by private owners, then operational production relations are formed. In this case, the owner of the manufacturer extorts surplus unpaid labor, assigning him or his results. People who do not have the main or all means of production, are inevitably depending on the owners, resulting in a relationship of subordination and domination.
The exploitative types include the relations of production of capitalist, feudal and slave-owning formations. Together with the main ones, there are also transitional interactions. In this case, in the conditions of one particular economic structure, a set of production relations takes place. An example is state capitalism within the framework of the dictatorship of the proletariat.
Production forces and production relations
Together, these components form the 2 sides of each product manufacturing process. They are interrelated by a specific law. Within its framework, production relations should correspond to the production forces in terms of development and character. By law, the former are presented as a form of the formation and functioning of the latter. At the same time, production relations have a certain impact on development. In particular, they can slow down or speed it up. In the process of such development, contradictions arise between the increased and changed forces of production and outdated relations. These problems can be solved by making certain adjustments. In particular, production relationships can be aligned with the development of other components. The resolution of this contradiction in the antagonistic structure is carried out through the social revolution. The dialectic of forces and relations reveals the factors of self-advancement of production and the essence of the historical process as a whole.
The material structure of society
It is a complex, which includes certain industrial social relations. This concept refers only to the basis of society, to its material structure. This qualitatively distinguishes production relations from the concept of “formation”. The latter describes the society as a whole, in the complex of interactions existing in it. Due to the fact that the definition of “socio-economic structure” characterizes only production relations, it is considered to be the most important analytical tool of the material structure of a particular society, that is, the entire structure of interactions that forms its foundation.
Unstructured and structured structures
Production relations of one category or another may be present and exist in a social structure in different ways. Interactions of different types can form a certain way. However, there are also production relations that do not add up to the system. They are present as a more or less significant appendage in the structure formed by other interactions. In this case, we are talking about a different form in which production relations exist - uncompliant. In the case when, within the framework of this type, the production and further movement of products is carried out, the complex of interactions can be described as a subcool. It follows from this that relations in the conditions of production in a social organism can play the role of a social material order or in a complicated way, and in particular, as a lay-out. It should be noted that these categories have different meanings. The role of the structured relations is incomparably greater than the smooth ones. At the same time, it must be remembered that the idea of the disparity between different interactions within the framework of the production and promotion of products was originally put forward by Marx. In one of his works, he wrote about secondary, tertiary and in general about non-primary relationships.
Taking into account the ability of each socio-economic structure, which is a complex of interactions, it will inevitably generate a whole superstructure of habits, opinions, attitudes, moral norms, being, therefore, the foundation for the formation of a particular way of life in society, with advanced formational structure). In the same sense, to a certain extent, one can say about the preservation of the remnant of the former structure. After the revolution, along with the ruling new order, the old one continues to be present in it, acting as a subordinate. The introduction of the definition of “socio-economic structure” allows a wider understanding of the concept of production relations and the question of their existence in a social organism. Ignoring the interactions in which the work is carried out, leads to a reduction in the work process to certain common points. In this case, the differences between historical eras manifest themselves only in the level of technical equipment. At the same time, the economic fundamental differences between social formations disappear. This determines the essence of the methodology of technological determinism. It was manifested in various bourgeois theories about a single industrial society, the stages of material and economic development, and others. They evaluate certain societies only in terms of technical progress in them. At the same time, the denial of the dependence of industrial relations on the degree of development of the productive forces leads to arbitrariness and voluntarism.