The trouble that can affect any family is worms in children. At the same time, it does not depend on the lifestyle, culture, or material well-being. After all, parasites can penetrate into any organism. And no matter how parents tried to warn children about the need to wash their hands, it's all useless. Kids still forget about the rules of hygiene. Therefore it is extremely important to know how the prophylaxis of worms in a child is carried out.
Symptoms typical for helminthiasis
Signs that signal the presence of parasites in the body of the baby are very many. As a rule, there are several symptoms at once. But it is possible to determine exactly whether the prophylaxis of worms in a child is necessary, only after the analysis is given.
Doctors distinguish the following symptoms, which most often signal the appearance of parasites in the body of the baby:
- restless, bad sleep;
- fatigue, weakness, drowsiness;
- constipation or diarrhea;
- pale skin covers;
- pain in the abdomen, sometimes accompanied by vomiting, nausea;
- the occurrence of itching in the anus;
- presence of large dark circles under the eyes;
- elevated temperature;
- the appearance of dry cough, while there are no other signs of a cold.
If the child has several symptoms at the same time, it is necessary to take him to the examination.
What to do?
If you suspected the presence of parasites in the body, it is from a visit to the doctor that prevention of worms in children should begin. Preparations selected independently, in most cases not only will not help, but also can cause serious harm. Since the wrong therapy leads to the fact that the worms do not die. They begin to migrate to other organs. At the same time create a life-threatening condition. Parasites are able to crawl into the pancreas, appendix, lungs, liver and even the abdominal cavity. And this leads to more severe and prolonged treatment.
Therefore, before selecting an effective remedy, it is necessary to determine: what kind of worms are parasitic in the body. This can be done only by passing the analysis. In order to obtain a more reliable result, it must be repeated three times.
Prophylaxis of worms in a child with the help of folk remedies is considered quite favorable. However, its effectiveness is not comparable with the drug. Certainly, certain products are capable of inhibiting the vital activity of parasites. Such properties are possessed by pumpkin seeds, garlic. But it should be remembered: folk remedies are not a cure. They can only be an auxiliary method of therapy.
Basic Treatment Scheme
Modern specialists recommend conducting therapy with certain courses. The doctors came to the conclusion that it is necessary to take 2 anthelmintic drugs at once, with certain interruptions.
Infectionists have developed an effective scheme that allows you to perfectly rid the body of parasites.
It consists of 5 stages:
- Initially, prescribe pills for worms for children. For the prevention and treatment of the following anthelmintic drugs: Vermox, Mebendazol, Albendazole, Pirantel.
- Then, enterosorbents are included in the therapy. Effective drugs: "Entegnin", "Smecta".
- Further uses enzymatic means: "Creon", "Pancreatin", "Mezim".
- At the fourth stage it is recommended to take biopreparations: Lineks, Bifidumbacterin.
- In the end, the child is assigned vitamin-mineral complexes.
Such therapy allows you to effectively get rid of worms. At the same time, it helps to reduce the negative impact of drugs on the children's body.
During treatment, the child may have fever, abdominal pain, nausea, rash. This reaction is normal. It indicates an effective fight against the parasite.
So, what can you give a child for the prevention of worms? Consider the most effective drugs.
The medicine "Pirantel"
It is a medicine that is allowed to give to children from six months. They are provided with excellent treatment and prophylaxis of worms in children. Preparations with similar properties are:
The scheme for taking Pirantel tablets is quite simple. It is necessary to take 1 pill. After that, a break is done for 20 days. At the end of the period, one more tablet is consumed.
During therapy, parents are advised to change their bedding daily. At the same time, the new kit must be boiled and ironed. Parasites do not tolerate high temperatures at all. This causes their death.
The drug "Pirantel" can lead to unpleasant side effects, such as the occurrence of pain in the abdomen, broken sleep, lack of appetite, the appearance of rashes. Contraindicated in allergic reactions and kidney failure.
However, it is this remedy that is the medication most often used for the youngest patients.
The drug "Mebendazole"
An effective medicine for the prevention of worm infections in children. It has a wide spectrum of action. In other words, this medicine can fight with various worms. The drug is prescribed for children older than two years.
It is very important to strictly observe the dosage prescribed by the doctor. One should know that excess of the norm leads to serious complications. If an overdose occurs, the child may experience diarrhea, vomiting, and hyperthermia. Such symptoms are accompanied by hair loss.
Medications with similar effects on the body:
If prophylaxis is required from worms in children from a year, then the drug "Vermox" can be prescribed.
Some of the medicines listed above are released in suspensions, which greatly facilitates the reception of the drug by the kids.
The medicine "Albendazole"
This tool is assigned to children who have reached the age of 2 years. The drug is particularly effective against larval forms of cestodes - Echinococcus granulosus and Taenia solium, nematodes, it is prescribed for both mono- and polyinvasia.
The medicine has strong enough properties. In this regard, it can cause severe side effects. It can be the usual dryness in the mouth. But sometimes the drug provokes hallucinations, seizures and even fever. Therefore, these tablets should be used especially carefully and only under the supervision of a doctor.
A similar pharmacological action is possessed by preparations:
Carrot juice against parasites
If there is an assumption about helminthiosis, each parent has a question: "What should I give a child for prophylaxis against worms?" Carrot juice is considered to be an effective and common means. But you should press it yourself.
For 2-3 weeks every morning it is recommended to give the child, necessarily on an empty stomach, 200 ml of fresh carrot juice. A fine alternative may be mashed potatoes. To make it, you need 2 medium carrots.
Children over 2 years of puree can be added chopped garlic. It is enough 1-2 denticles.
However, remember that carrot juice itself will not solve the problem. But at the same time it will be a great help for medical treatment. After all, the product has excellent immunostimulating properties. And parasites, most often, affect those children who have weakened protective functions.
This means is used to prevent worms in children from time immemorial. It is on the basis of pumpkin seeds that many recipes have been created, which allow to fight against parasites. And if carrot juice contributes to the activation of the body's defenses, then this product affects the worms. He literally expels them from the intestines.
However, in order to obtain a favorable result, it is necessary to apply such a tool on a regular basis (at least one month).
Pumpkin seeds in the amount of 100 g are recommended for fasting. For babies this product is better to crush. You can add a little sugar, a small amount of milk.
To achieve a better effect, healers advise: after each use of seeds to drink castor oil (1 tablespoon). Such a laxative will allow the body to cleanse itself of parasites faster.
Benefits of garlic
Based on this product, many wonderful products have been developed.
To combat parasites, children older than 5 years must eat before eating 1-2 teeth.
Babies should prepare a "medicine". For this, take 3 cloves and fill them with milk - 200 ml. The medium is boiled in a water bath for 10 minutes. This "medicine" should be taken on an empty stomach for 10 days, 1 teaspoonful.
Babies can use this tool. It is recommended to give the child 1 teaspoon twice a day. However, you should not drink it. Crumb uses oil, applied to bread.
But be sure to remember: no matter how effective the folk methods of treatment seem, the child necessarily needs a medication prescribed by a professional doctor.
To reduce the likelihood of infection by parasites, you should follow the rules of hygiene:
- Be sure to wash your hands after the toilet and before eating.
- Do not drink raw water. The most dangerous - in open water.
- Do not eat thermally unprocessed foods: meat, fish, caviar.
- It is good to wash vegetables, greens, which are served raw. They are recommended to be treated with boiling water.
Prophylaxis of worms in a child must necessarily be agreed with a doctor. Most often it is conducted in the spring, in April-May, and in the autumn, in October-November.