In fishing, bait has long passed from the category of an auxiliary component to the status of an obligatory means. There are many recipes for cooking manga, as well as ways to use it in a single complex with a fishing rod or spinning. However, the purpose with which bait for fish is used remains the same - increasing the efficiency and quality of fishing.

Artificial and natural baits

This classification did not always exist. In traditional fishing, natural baits are often used, which are aimed at attracting fish components of plant or animal origin. For example, the so-called bait fishing is a classic example of the use of natural bait. In turn, the artificial bait for fish operates according to other principles. Such tools create a visual or sound effect. This is especially common when catching large predators, which are difficult to lure the usual bait. Nevertheless, the ways of attracting fish can cross - for example, many fishermen supplement artificial fry with all sorts of flavors.

Principles of making natural bait

Ingredients of natural bait can vary, but its structure is almost always the same. So, it is composed of the following components:

  • The basis. This component serves to keep the predator's interest in bait as long as possible. Therefore, natural products are used - breadcrumbs, cake, bread, oatmeal, etc.
  • Base for complementary feeding. It is better for her to use maggots, bloodworms, worms and other insects that will attract fish from a distance.
  • Additives. It can be all kinds of oils and spices that act at a great distance. The function of this ingredient is to attract fish and increase their interest in bait due to a seductive smell.

It is important to consider that baits for catching fish include not only components attracting a predator, but also imparting a certain consistency to the bait. So, as the binder and cementing element, the same bread or oatmeal can be used, and the wax with the worms make the decoys more crumbly.

Features of artificial baits

As a material for this category of baits, special types of plastics, metals, and also combined compositions can be used. Traditional plastic products include wobblers, poppers, twisters, etc. A typical representative of metal analogues is the vibrational bait for fish, which is provided by a visual attracting effect. A variety of turntables and jigs are also common. Almost all artificial baits work at the expense of visual and noise effects, provoking large fish for attacking actions. Choose these products should be based on criteria such as the level of penetration, the specifics of the game and the color qualities.

Bait and nozzle - what are the differences?

Even with a competent approach to cooking bait, there is a risk of using it for other purposes. To prevent such a mistake, you should clearly separate the bait and the attachment - these are the types of bait, each of which operates under certain conditions. The bait includes components of animal origin, including the following:

  • Worm.
  • Insects, as well as their larvae.
  • Bird.
  • Small fish and tadpoles with frogs.
  • Shells and snails.
  • Pieces of meat and small parts of tissues and organs of animals.
  • Crustaceans.

It is believed that predators are the target group on which such a bait acts for fish. The responses of experienced fishermen also point out that in winter, peaceful animals can peck at it, but this is less common.

The nozzles, in turn, are made of the following representatives of vegetation:

  • Vegetables.
  • Derivatives from bread and flour products.
  • Potatoes.
  • Seaweed.
  • Cake.
  • Pulses and grains.

This bait is better to use in the summer and prepare to catch a non-predatory peace-loving fish. It is unlikely that perch or pike will bite on the bread, but it is possible.

The choice of bait in view of the type of fish

The conditions for fishing on the pond also make their own adjustments to the way the bait is used. For the success of the process, it is also necessary to understand which bait the fish are fishing for and what casting is used:

  • Verhovodnye fish. It is necessary to form a tight lump, which can be thrown at 7 m. At the moment of collision with water, it must disintegrate with the subsequent immersion of the particles.
  • Deep-sea fish. Compressed tight cloud, which can be thrown already at 15 m. In conditions of flow, this bait should disintegrate only at the time of reaching the bottom.
  • Large and cautious fish. In this case, the bait should also reach the bottom intact, but do not create a turbidity that attracts small fishes.
  • Catching over the bottom. Unlike the previous approach, on the contrary, it is necessary to create a cloud with eroding particles, so that it is possible to draw as many fish from the depth to the surface as possible.

It is worth noting that such rules are used in bait. The most important thing in this process is the knowledge of the depth level on which the fish resides, as well as corrections for the turbidity of water and current.

Technoplankton with own hands

In the shops a lot of these baits are made on special equipment. But, as practice shows, no less effective means can be obtained at home. Such a bait for fish will consist of a flour mixture, enclosed in a mold. For the mixture, flour is used for corn, wheat, oats and manga. The first two components are used in equal parts, and oats and mango should be used in double portions. The components are thoroughly mixed (preferably with hands), after which a little water is added to obtain a homogeneous and well-compressed mass.

As a form, a piece from a plastic pipe of about 5-7 cm in length is used. The diameter is 15-2 cm. A plug must also be provided - it must cover the lower part of the tube. The prepared mass must be filled in the form, close it with a cork and leave it in the microwave for 30 seconds. The resulting technoplankton is a bait for fish, with which small and large specimens are successfully caught in different weather conditions.

Bait from a metal ring

This fish mace once again confirms that for successful fishing, there may be enough materials that are available in any household. To produce it, you need a flat ring cut from a regular cover for glass jars. In it it is necessary to make and an internal aperture with centimetric indent from edges. As a result, you should get a ring with two diameters - about 4 and 6 cm. Then in this skeleton a cut is made - so that the shape of the horseshoe turns out. A series of holes are made in the strip, which in the future will be required to attach the carcass to the wire. To put a metal tape follows on a zigzag - under water it will allow it to rotate and form twists. According to the feedback from the spinnings, this super bait for fish is able to increase biting up to 10 times.

Electronic devices

For those who are not a supporter of artisanal methods for making bait, it is worthwhile to propose factory analogs. These are electronic baits that act on various sensitive organs of the victim. One of the typical representatives of this category is the electronic bait for fish in the form of a sound generator. The device generates noise signals under water, which provide an attractive effect. But it is important to consider that such devices do not guarantee exactly biting. They are designed solely for the fact that the fish will catch the emitted signal and go to the place of its generation.

Also common are devices that give and light signals. Combined electronic fish bait can combine the functions of noise and light generators, increasing the likelihood of biting. Together with this, mechanical vibrations are also provided, which also act on certain species of fish.


The strategy of fishing can be seen as a complex and multifaceted process. In part, it is similar to the solution of a mathematical problem in which several unknowns are envisaged. For example, a fisherman is required to determine the effect of weather conditions, the specific features of a particular body of water, the habits of local fish, etc. Based on the responses received, the appropriate equipment is selected. In this respect, bait for fish is a key component. You can miscalculate with the time of day, the weather, the choice and tuning of the rod, but if the decoys are chosen correctly, then all the mistakes can be blocked by successful biting. Another thing is that the manufacture of bait and the way it is used are not always amenable to accurate calculations and in most cases are tested by experiment.