In fishing, the bait has long since passed from the category of auxiliary component to the status of obligatory means. There are many recipes for making semolina, as well as methods for its use in a single complex with a fishing rod or spinning. However, the purpose for which the bait is used for fish remains the same - to increase the efficiency and quality of fishing.

Artificial and natural bait

This classification did not always exist. In traditional fishing, natural baits are often used, which are focused on attracting fish with components of plant or animal origin. For example, the so-called live bait is a classic example of using natural bait. In turn, the artificial bait for fish operates according to other principles. Such tools create a visual or sound effect. This is especially common when catching large predators, which are difficult to entice with the usual bait. And yet, methods of attracting fish can intersect - for example, many anglers complement the artificial bait with all sorts of flavors.

Principles of making natural bait

The ingredients of a natural bait may vary, but its structure is almost always the same. So, it consists of the following components:

  • The foundation. This component serves to preserve the predator's interest in the bait as long as possible. Therefore, natural products are used - crackers, cake, bread, oatmeal, etc.
  • Base for prikorma. For it is better to use moldy worm, bloodworms, worms and other insects that will attract fish in the distance.
  • Additives. This can be all kinds of oils and spices that act at a great distance. The function of this ingredient is to attract fish and increase their interest in the bait due to the seductive smell.

It is important to take into account that bait for fishing include not only the components that attract the predator, but also give the bait a certain consistency. So, the same bread or oatmeal can be used as a binder and cementing element, and maggots with worms make the decoy more crumbly.

Features of artificial bait

As a material for this category of baits, special types of plastics, metals, as well as combined compositions can be used. The traditional plastic products include wobblers, poppers, twisters, etc. A typical representative of metal counterparts is an oscillating bait for fish, the bite of which is provided by the visual attractive effect. Various turntables and jigging tools are also common. Almost all artificial baits work due to visual and noise effects, provoking large fish to attack actions. Such products should be selected according to such criteria as the level of penetration, the specifics of the game and color qualities.

Bait and nozzle - what are the differences?

Even with a competent approach to the preparation of the bait there is a risk of using it for other purposes. In order to prevent such a mistake, it is necessary to clearly separate the bait and the bait - these are types of bait, each of which operates under certain conditions. The bait includes components of animal origin, including the following:

  • Worm.
  • Insects, as well as their larvae.
  • Bird.
  • Small fish and tadpoles with frogs.
  • Seashells and snails.
  • Chunks of meat and small parts of the tissues and organs of animals.
  • Crustaceans.

Predators are believed to be the target group for which such fish bait operates. Reviews of experienced fishermen also note that in the winter time peaceful individuals may peck at it, but this is less common.

Nozzles, in turn, are made from the following representatives of vegetation:

  • Vegetables.
  • Derivatives of bread and flour products.
  • Potatoes.
  • Seaweed.
  • Cake.
  • Legumes and grains.

It is better to use such bait in the summertime and prepare for catching non-predatory peace-loving fish. It is unlikely that perch or pike will bite on bread, but this is also possible.

Choosing bait based on the type of fish

The conditions of fishing in the pond also make their own adjustments to the way the bait is used. For the success of the process, it is also necessary to understand what kind of bait is caught and what type of casting is used:

  • Upstream fish. It is necessary to form a dense lump, which can be thrown at 7 m. At the time of the collision with water, it should fall apart, followed by immersion of the particles.
  • Deep sea fish. A dense lump is compressed, which can be abandoned already at 15 m. Under flow conditions, such a lure should disintegrate only at the moment of reaching the bottom.
  • Large and cautious fish. In this case, the bait should also reach the bottom intact, but it does not create a dregs, attracting and small fish.
  • Catching over the bottom. In contrast to the previous approach, on the contrary, a cloud with eroded particles should be created in order to be able to attract as many fish as possible from the depths to the surface.

It is worth noting that such rules are used in the bait. The most important thing in this process is to know the level of depth at which the fish resides, as well as adjustments for turbidity and flow.

Technoplankton DIY

There are a lot of similar baits in the stores, made on special equipment. But, as practice shows, no less effective means can be obtained at home. This bait for fish will consist of a flour mixture encased in a form. For the mixture used corn flour, wheat, oats and semolina. The first two components are used in equal shares, and oats and semolina are preferably used in a double portion. The components are thoroughly stirred (preferably by hand), after which a little water is added to obtain a homogeneous and well-pressed mass.

The form used is a piece of plastic pipe with a length of about 5-7 cm. The diameter is 15-2 cm. A cork should also be provided - it should cover the lower part of the tube. Prepare the mass to fill the form, close it with a cork and leave in the microwave for 30 seconds. The obtained technoplankton is a bait for fish, with the help of which both small and large specimens are successfully caught in different weather conditions.

Metal Ring Bait

This decoy for fish once again confirms that for successful fishing there can be enough materials that are in any household. For its manufacture will require a flat ring, cut from a conventional lid for glass jars. It must be done and the inner hole with a centimeter indent from the edges. The result should be a ring with two diameters — approximately 4 and 6 cm. Then a cut is made in this frame, so that the shape of the horseshoe is obtained. A number of holes are made in the strip, which will later be required for fitting the frame to the wire. The metal strip should be planted in a zigzag manner - under water this will allow it to rotate and form turbulence. According to reviews spinningists, this super bait for fish can increase biting up to 10 times.

Electronic devices

For those who are not a supporter of artisanal methods of making bait, it is worth to offer factory analogues. These are electronic lures acting on various sensitive organs of the victim. One of the typical representatives of this category is an electronic bait for fish in the form of a sound generator. The device produces noise signals under water, which provide an attractive effect. But it is important to bear in mind that such devices do not guarantee just biting. They are calculated solely on the fact that the fish will catch the radiated signal and will go to the place of its generation.

Also common are devices that provide light signals. Combined electronic bait for fish can combine the functions of noise and light generators, increasing the likelihood of a bite. At the same time, mechanical vibrations are also provided, which also act on certain species of fish.


Fishing strategy can be considered as a complex and multi-faceted process. In part, it is similar to the solution of a mathematical problem in which several unknowns are provided. For example, a fisherman is required to determine the influence of weather conditions for fishing, the characteristics of a particular water body, the habits of local fish, etc. Based on the responses received, the appropriate equipment is selected. In this regard, fish bait is a key component. It is possible to miscalculate with the time of day, weather, selection and setting of the rod, but if the decoy is chosen correctly, then all the mistakes can be blocked by a successful bite. Another thing is that the manufacture of the bait and the method of its use are not always amenable to accurate calculations and, in most cases, are tested empirically.