Prostatitis is an inflammatory process in the prostate gland. The acute stage of the disease, unfortunately, is very short and quickly flows into the chronic. The article will tell you about the causes of prostatitis, describe the symptoms of the disease and methods of its treatment.
Varieties of ailment
There are two main types of prostatitis, depending on the reasons for it - infectious and non-infectious (stagnant). The first occurs as a result of the action of viruses or bacteria. Stress, a sedentary lifestyle, overwork, smoking, sedentary work, and the like, lead to the development of stagnant prostatitis. A non-infectious form of the disease is fairly easy to cure if you reconsider your views on life.
Depending on the stage of the disease distinguish acute and chronic prostatitis. There is every chance to get rid of a disease that has arisen for the first time, but a neglected form can have serious consequences for a man. Often, the representatives of the stronger sex miss precious time and bring the inflamed tissues of the prostate gland to irrevocably change and cease to function properly. If for a long time not to pay attention to the pathological process, such changes will undergo almost the entire prostate, which is fraught with impotence.
Causes of prostatitis
As a rule, the disease develops as a result of:
- sexually transmitted infections;
- exposure to bacteria;
- dental diseases (caries);
- mental stress (stress);
- in rare cases - muscle strain during weight lifting.
Consider each reason in more detail.
Sexually transmitted infection
The presence of such an infection often makes itself felt. In addition to itching and pain, men notice sores on the head of the penis, discharge from the urinary canal, and similar manifestations. A good urologist knows how to deal with such ailments, but be prepared for the fact that you will have to spend a lot of money on treatment, and it will take you enough time to visit the doctor.
Bacteria are the most resistant to any organisms. For some people, these pathogens of all kinds of inflammations have long become familiar satellites. Meanwhile, streptococci and staphylococci are the worst pests for humans. With this pathogenic flora must always fight.
Diseases of the teeth
In the presence of caries, the bacteria that we just talked about are spread throughout the body. Therefore, if you have sore teeth, it is likely that after some time you will encounter such a disease as chronic prostatitis.
In this case, the development of the acute form of the disease is possible, which is quite easily cured by prescribing antibiotics and several prostate massage sessions. But, unfortunately, often men do not immediately go to the doctor. Prostate pain, which could torment some time, gradually pass. An erection worsens slightly, but this is often attributed to fatigue by men and the like. They go to a specialist only when serious problems begin with an erection, and the duration of sexual intercourse becomes indecently short. But precious time is missed, at this stage inflammation in the prostate gland is already becoming chronic. As a result, the man for a long time becomes a patient urologist.
Overvoltage and stress
Any stressful situation can cause the development of a stagnant process in the prostate gland, which can be compared with the inflammatory process. It should be noted that in the case of stress, and in the case of a sexually transmitted infection, the symptoms of prostatitis very quickly become chronic (similar to the situation with hypothermia).
If you have a chronic form of the disease, exacerbations will occur often enough. And provoke them can almost whiff of the wind. To a healthy man, in order to catch inflammation of the prostate, it is necessary to supercool the pelvic region, and even a small cold will be enough for a patient with chronic prostatitis to exacerbate the disease. Symptoms of the disease can also resume after a single abuse of alcohol, due to seasonal weakening of the body, in case of slight fatigue, due to unrealized erection, as a result of sedentary work, due to irregular sexual activity, even due to constipation. In general, you do not have time to cough, as the disease immediately reminds of itself. Prostatitis is an insidious affliction, so it is impossible to delay the treatment!
Inflammation of the prostate is first shown by strong cuttings in the lower abdomen during urination (it happens that the discomfort persists permanently). Other symptoms of prostatitis are pain in the scrotum and perineum, worsening of erection, reduction in the duration of sexual intercourse. They can manifest one by one or several at once.
There is another such sign: after ejaculation in the head of the penis appears pulling pain, which passes somewhere in half an hour. Regardless of the cause of prostatitis, it is often the very first symptom of the disease.
When the ailment has already passed into the chronic stage, additional symptoms appear: increased urge to empty the bladder, although there is little urine, weakening of the stream during urination, and the like.
The urologist rarely has difficulty diagnosing. At the first stage, the doctor asks the patient about the symptoms and conducts a general examination. The urologist also performs a rectal examination of the prostate, during which the secret of the prostate gland is taken. This is an unpleasant and often quite painful procedure, but diagnostics of prostatitis is not without it. In addition, transrectal ultrasound may be required.
In the laboratory, prostate and urine secretions are sown to determine the sensitivity of the flora to certain antibacterial agents. This information is necessary for the appointment of effective therapy. If treatment is started before the diagnosis of prostatitis has been carried out, it may be useless, and in some cases even leads to the transition of the disease into a new, even more severe form.
Treatment will depend on the cause of prostatitis. If the illness was provoked by viruses or bacteria, it is necessary to eliminate the infection first, and then eliminate the pathological process in the prostate gland. Bacterial lesions are treated with antibiotics. Their reception is required in the event that the cause of prostatitis was hypothermia. When stress, in addition to the use of drugs, you may need more therapy of neurosis: relaxing massage, electrophoresis, taking vitamins.
The next stage is the treatment of prostatitis itself. Often, doctors prescribe a massage of the prostate gland, although many urologists doubt the correctness of such actions. If the doctor has not eliminated the cause of the disease, and immediately began to treat inflammation of the prostate, there may be negative consequences. In addition to various procedures, prescribing fortifying drugs, which eliminate stagnant processes in the prostate gland.
When the treatment of prostatitis is carried out, success largely depends on the patient himself. Since the prostate is poorly supplied with blood, physical activity is necessary. Men who at least do exercises have more chances to recover by an order of magnitude than those whose favorite activity is to lie on the couch.
As a rule, the urologist prescribes such drugs to get rid of the disease: "Prostatilen", "Prostamol Uno", "Vitaprost", "Prostan" and the like.
Every man should understand that it is important to see a doctor at the first symptoms of the disease. The specialist will be able to choose the most effective drugs, taking into account the individual characteristics of the patient.
Do herbs help? From prostatitis, many prefer to be treated by the methods of traditional medicine. People turn to the experience of previous generations, because they believe that folk remedies do not have a toxic effect on the body and do not cause side effects. In addition, they are much softer manifest their healing properties. However, it must be borne in mind that the effectiveness of traditional medicine depends on the nature of the disease.
If congestive prostatitis occurs, such treatment can be effective. In the case when the illness is caused by bacteria (streptococcus, staphylococcus, etc.), natural antibiotics can help, but they will have to be taken for a very long time and at the same time you will need restrictions in nutrition, smoking, and alcohol. If prostate inflammation is caused by a sexually transmitted infection (chlamydia, mycoplasma, etc.), treatment with folk remedies will be practically useless.
Fully herbs from prostatitis will not be able to save you, but since this disease is inflammatory in nature, and most plants have anti-inflammatory properties, they should be used in treatment and taken as part of fees. The most effective in this disease are pharmacy chamomile, narrow-leaved fireweed, calendula, St. John's wort, meadowsweet, birch leaves, strawberry leaves. The collection must be attended by plants that relieve cramps: dandelion leaves, flax, mint. Such herbs as clover, sweet clover, clean the blood vessels and improve the composition of the blood, and the better the prostate gland is supplied with blood, the more effective the treatment will be.
The most popular means of traditional medicine used for prostatitis is chamomile infusion. It is advisable to take orally three times a day (half an hour before meals) for half a cup. And preparing the infusion is very simple: one tablespoon of crushed flowers or one filter package should be poured over 100 ml of boiling water and infused for thirty minutes. After that, the fluid must be filtered. The infusion is valid for a day, so preparing it for the future does not make sense.
Prevention of prostatitis: drugs, lifestyle
In order to prevent the development of the disease, you must give up everything that harms the body. The presence of alcohol and cigarettes in life should be minimized. Blood circulation in the prostate gland worsens if a person leads a passive lifestyle. You need to protect yourself from stressful situations, try to overcool and get cold less often - for this you should strengthen the immune system, take vitamins. Physical overwork is also fraught with health problems - sports are good, but in moderation.
As an additional measure, various drugs can be used to prevent prostatitis. They counteract inflammation in the prostate and blood stasis in the pelvic organs. Most urologists recommend the following medications for use: Indigalplus, Prostatilen, Prostamol Uno, Metronidazole.
Proper nutrition - the guarantee of health
A diet should be followed for prostatitis. Congestion in the pelvic organs aggravate fatty foods and seasonings, as well as salty foods. In the diet you need to include fresh vegetables, herbs, pumpkin seeds. It is advisable to completely give up alcohol, especially beer.
With inflammation of the prostate gland, more and more new tissue cells are affected daily. If you start treatment in a month, the result will be worse than if you start it right now. So do not delay! Remember: health is the most precious thing we have.