Modern preparations for bowel cleansing act on the body as well as enemas. They are able to remove accumulated toxins and slags in it. Even such tools can be used to prepare for examinations of the intestine.
Types of laxatives
On sale you can find various preparations for cleansing the intestines. But you cannot appoint any of them yourself. To select the most appropriate means should a doctor. You also need to know that taking laxative medicines affects the normal intestinal microflora, which is created with such difficulty by the body.
Drugs vary depending on the mechanism of action. They can be divided into several groups.
1. Surfactants, or chemical laxatives. They act only on the large intestine, irritating its receptors and stimulating peristalsis. These funds can cause a single bowel movement 8 hours after ingestion. This group includes drugs buckthorn, rhubarb, senna, castor oil.
2. Osmotic preparations for cleansing the intestines, fillers. They work in the small and large intestines.
3. Detergents, or laxative oils. They act in the small and large intestines, soften fecal masses and facilitate their gliding along the mucous membrane. Defecation begins 4 hours after ingestion of drugs in this group. These include paraffin wax, vaseline, almond and fennel oil.
Osmotic and volumetric means
If you are looking for a remedy for cleansing the intestines instead of an enema, then the remedies that cause water diarrhea will do for you. It may occur a couple of hours after admission (maximum - after 6). Osmotic agents act rather gently on the body, so they can be used regularly.
The principle of their action is based on the fact that they are not absorbed into the intestinal walls, but remain in it. At the same time they are able to accumulate a large amount of fluid and increase the volume of fecal masses. They begin to put pressure on the walls and thereby stimulate the bowels. This group includes magnesium hydroxide and citrate, magnesium and sodium sulphates, Karlovy Vary salt, Duphalac.
The mechanism of action of volumetric means is designed to increase the amount of fecal masses. Due to this, his evacuation activity is stimulated. Urging appears approximately 8 hours after taking the drugs. This group of funds include bran, sea kale, methylcellulose, agar-agar.
The most effective are drugs made on the basis of the substance macrogol-4000. To prepare for research or to get rid of toxins and slags as often as possible, the drug Fortrans is often used to cleanse the intestines. The active ingredient is able to hold water and increase osmotic pressure in the intestine. It is not absorbed in the digestive tract. This is due to the laxative effect.
In addition to the main component of the drug included electrolytes. They prevent the possible disturbance of the water-electrolyte balance of the whole organism. Prescribe the specified drug only for adults. Children can take it after 15 years.
Use of "Fortrans"
To prepare the solution, a sachet of the drug (64 g of the active ingredient) is dissolved in a liter of water. To achieve the maximum effect on average, a person needs to drink 3-4 sachets of the drug. The exact dose is calculated based on the fact that 1 liter of solution is required for every 20 kg. It can be taken in the evening (for example, on the eve of the planned survey) or divided into 2 doses. If you are going for an examination, you should finish the reception of the funds 3-4 hours before the procedure.
It is prescribed, as a rule, before X-ray, endoscopic examination or surgery, when thorough cleansing of the large intestine is necessary. Drugs based on macrogol-4000, including Fortrans, can cause side effects. At the beginning of the reception, some have nausea, may even join vomiting. But they stop with the continued use of funds. The occurrence of edema and skin rashes are among the very rare complications in patients receiving “Fortrans”.
Many people wonder how you can efficiently cleanse the intestines from toxins without an enema. Drugs based on macrogol are recommended by many doctors. Means "Moviprep" is considered a modern osmotic laxative, which can be used not only to cleanse the body, but also to prepare for examinations.
In its manufacture uses the active substance macrogol-3350. For a cleaning course, it is enough to prepare 2 liters of solution. In addition, it is recommended to drink another liter of any other liquid. This may be water or weak tea.
The drug "Moviprep" consists of two sachets A and B. The contents of each of them must be diluted in a small amount of water and brought to a volume of 1 l.
Contraindications to receive macrogol
For all preparations made on the basis of the same active ingredient, identical restrictions are established.
Laxatives that contain macrogol substance cannot be taken with:
- volume lesions of the intestinal mucosa (for example, in a malignant tumor in one of its sections);
- hypersensitivity to polyethylene glycol;
Also, these laxative drugs should not be given to children.
In addition to powders "Fortrans" and "Moviprep" there are other drugs to cleanse the intestines from toxins and toxins. The drug "Chitosan" is based on the work of natural enterosorbents. It is made from a substance contained in the shells of Kamchatka crabs.
Its principle of operation is based on the fact that it combines with slags and toxins, forming non-toxic and safe compounds. They are excreted naturally, not accumulating in the intestine. Also, they are not absorbed into its walls and do not dissolve.
They recommend preparations to cleanse the intestines from slags and toxins in cases where it is necessary to cleanse the body of decomposition products, remove heavy metals, and reduce the concentration of cholesterol. It can also be used to strengthen the immune system.
To cleanse the body, it is necessary to take 3-4 tablets twice a day during the month.
Everyone can choose exactly how to purge the intestines from toxins and toxins. Drugs do not necessarily have a strong laxative effect. For these purposes, you can use enterosorbents. The most budget option is the usual activated carbon. In addition to it, you can take the tool "Polyphepan". This drug is recommended in cases where the patient is forced to take a large number of medicines, including antibacterial and hormonal agents. It is considered the most effective tool "Enetrosgel". It is prescribed from infancy. The drug is able to absorb all toxic substances, but it does not remove vitamins and other beneficial substances from the body.
Many use preparations to cleanse the intestines, known as dietary supplements. All of them are designed for soft cleaning, normalization of metabolism and restoration of microflora. The patient can purchase such dietary supplements as Ankir-B, Rekitsen-RD, the course Complete Cleansing, Intestinal Cleansing, Purification tea and many others.
As manufacturers of these products assure, they are all capable of gently, but at the same time effectively cleansing the intestines from slags. Preparations contain cellulose, flax seeds, bran, kelp and other substances. Of course, each of the additives has its own unique composition. For example, manufacturers of the means “Double Cleansing” promise to remove toxins, improve skin condition and get rid of constipation. This will be promoted by maize fiber, magnesium stearate, hawthorn leaf and fruit powder.
If you just want to get rid of toxins and slags that have accumulated in the body, then for starters you can try enterosorbents and dietary supplements. It is worth remembering that it is undesirable to prescribe yourself strong laxatives. Before using them, you should consult with your doctor. Also you should not forget to drink plain clean water to avoid dehydration when you perform a complete bowel cleansing.
Drugs, reviews of which will make it clear what effect to expect when they are taken, act very quickly. Powders "Fortrans" and "Moviprep" have a laxative effect an hour after ingestion (it may occur earlier). But usually the urge to defecate pass quickly enough after the last dose has been drunk.
According to reviews of patients who had to drink money, they have a rather unpleasant taste. Some even regret that they decided to replace this enema with these laxatives. But its effectiveness is indisputable. True, it is worth remembering that the purpose of the powder "Fortrans" or "Moviprep" is a high-quality preparation for rectal research. It is undesirable to use it for the purpose of cleansing from slags or for losing weight without the recommendation of a doctor.