Rosary is an essential attribute of many religious traditions. At a minimum, there are Buddhist, Hindu, Muslim rosary. In a row with them are Christian. The latter, in turn, are subdivided into several types, in accordance with confessional peculiarities and device design. In this article, we will look at the Orthodox rosary as the subject most widely distributed within the boundaries of the Russian-speaking world.
Purpose of the rosary
The first thing to say is that the common practice of any religion is prayer. Some texts are usually pronounced many times in a row, which requires a certain counting system. It is this role that special beads, called beads, perform: turning over them in their hands, it is quite easy to track the number of spoken prayers. In fact, this is the only proper religious purpose of this subject. And the Orthodox prayer beads are no exception.
Sometimes, however, some of their species are used as religious decorations. For example, this often happens in Catholic parishes, where rosaries are hung on statues of saints, especially the Virgin Mary. In addition to its main function, special beads for prayer are one of the attributes of monastic vestments.
Orthodox rosary: classification
As for the beads, which are inherent in the purely Eastern Christian tradition, at the moment there are two types of them. The first can be called originally Orthodox, since it is the most ancient. This type of rosary is called scrub. However, at present they are preserved predominantly by Old Believers, whereas in official Orthodoxy they play the role of an obsolete remnant.
The second type has a more familiar look, similar to beads strung on a thread in a certain sequence. These are the most popular Orthodox rosaries, which are used not only by believers, but also by worldly people, for example, as a pendant on the mirror of their car. There is even a brand of wine, to the label which such beads are attached as a design element.
Lestova is, as already mentioned, the most ancient Orthodox rosary used in the Russian Orthodox tradition. They come from the so-called vervitsy - rope with knots, common in Byzantium and performing the same role of the number of prayers.
The word "ladder" means "ladder" - it means the ladder to heaven, to God. This is not by chance. The Orthodox rosary in the form of a staircase really looks like a staircase, as they have the appearance not of beads, but of a leather belt, along the whole length of which a kind of steps are made - wide loops called bobs. The layout of the latter is based on a rather complex system. The ends of the scraps are sewn together in a special way with triangles, called lapostkas. And inside the bobochkov there is a thick paper roller. According to the rules, words of prayer were written on these pieces of paper, but now this tradition is rarely maintained.
This type of rosary is also divided into several types. So, there are male, female and children's staircases. There are also daily, funeral, marriage and holiday options.
As has already been said, stewards are Orthodox rosaries that have lost their meaning today. Their photo is located below.
The structure of the ladder
Device Lastovo to remember quite difficult. This is compounded by the fact that there are several types. The classic version is a circle of one hundred and nine bobokov. It starts with four lepestkov made in "herringbone". They symbolize the Trinity, and their number – the number of evangelists. Next on the tape lestovki three the jacket and the empty lot. Behind him are twelve small steps, followed by one big. Next thirty eight small bobochko and again a great one. Followed by another cycle of thirty-three steps of small items plus one large. Then there are seventeen bobokov small, empty lot again and finally again three the jacket.
How to use the lesovka
So, the stairs - Orthodox rosary. How to use them - almost no one knows. Although in reality it is quite simple if their structure is well understood, which is adapted to the needs of the Old Believers' worship service. With their help, they determine when, how many and what kind of bowing, what prayers to say and so on. In addition, quite a few private prayer rules, consisting mainly of brief, repeated appeals to Jesus Christ, the Mother of God, angels and saints, fit into the sequence of the steps of the staircase.
The rosaries, which are widespread in modern Orthodoxy, represented in Russia mainly by the Moscow Patriarchate, are simpler and laconic in comparison with the grave. Their origin, however, is Western, that is, Catholic, and is connected, according to legend, with the name of St. Dominic. The latter, according to legends, was honored with the vision of the Mother of God, who gave him a rosary and commanded to read prayers for the sake of the triumph of Catholicism over the heretics.
Historical evidence suggests that the rosary - that’s what these beads are called - originated from the tradition of the daily reading of one hundred and fifty psalms, which illiterate peasants replaced with the prayers “Our Father” and “Hail Mary”. This practice has also been called the rose garden. By the 14th century, the rosary acquired the modern division into dozens and in this form spread in Russia in the 19th century. This event is connected with the name of St. Seraphim of Sarov. The fact is that he, being a great admirer of the Virgin Mary, introduced into the communities under his trust the practice of reading the rosary in its justified form, which was called the Mother of God rule. The scheme of reading remained the same, only the words of the Latin prayers were replaced by Church Slavonic equivalents.
Initially, this innovation brought about a new type of staircase, called the Mother of God and adapted to the reading of the Mother of God rule. However, very soon they were supplanted by traditional Western beads with a cross-shaped pendant, known today as Orthodox rosary.
Since this type of rosary is intended mainly for reading the Mother of God rule, which is tracing paper from the Catholic Rosary, their structure is similar to the Western prototype. They are a bundle consisting of fifty small beads, separated every ten by one big. These are the classic Orthodox rosary. The number of beads may be different, for example, one hundred or one hundred fifty. A small cross is attached to the place of the bundle of thread ends, which, according to Russian tradition, is often completed with a brush.
There is another option that differs not in structure, but in the method of manufacture. The attribute is weaved from one thread, where the role of beads is played by knots. Thus, they are more like a vervitsu - Byzantine medieval rosary. Orthodox hands themselves often weave these, and then donate to each other. This is especially true of monks.
How to use the rosary
We found out that at present the rosary can be fully called nothing other than Orthodox rosaries. How to use them in the Russian tradition, says the statute of the rule of the Virgin. According to him, the usual introductory prayers are read on the cross, “To the King of Heaven,” and so forth, followed by the “Symbol of Faith.” Next on ten small beads is pronounced “The Virgin, Devo”, and on the big one - “Our Father”. So you should read the whole circle of the rosary. A cycle of one hundred and fifty prayers to the Mother of God is considered complete, which is why Orthodox beads can have a different number of dozens — from one to fifteen, and even more.
viktor buligin January 27, 2016, 0:43