Truth is what is it? Philosophical question, but we will consider it today in a linguistic manner. Let's explore the meaning, synonyms, antonyms and tell about examples.
People very often say the word "truth", and each time it can carry a different meaning. We inform the interlocutor in such a way that we agree with the expressed thought. Sometimes a real fact requires confirmation, and the person says: "True!". For example, in this spirit:
- Is it true that people can not stand on their heads for long?
- True. If they do not have special training.
So, to the question, the truth is what it is, you can answer, according to the dictionary, in three meanings:
- The statement, which correspond to objective reality. Scientific fact or real state of Affairs. For example, the Earth is round. Or withdraws from Ivanov Petrov, and Sidorov are asked to tell the truth, decides whether Ivanov himself or asks for help to a friend? This value is directly related to the concept of "truth", but we will discuss later, when the field of view will get the synonyms.
- Adherence to moral law or justice. Here, already reflects the difficulty of interaction between people. It is known that people want justice, that is, in their coordinate system they want the truth, the difficulty is that everyone is their own. This value is embodied in such a saying as "your truth".
- Sometimes "truth" is the title of the printed editions, and ancient sources. For example, "Russkaya Pravda" – the code of laws of Kievan Rus. And it was a long time ago already in 1016, established her Prince Yaroslav the wise. "Komsomolskaya Pravda" – the name of the newspaper.
Substitutions are in one way or another interconnected with meanings. And there are only two basic synonyms:
And both represent only a partial replacement. Because "truth" is a concept that is broader and more global than the truth. Equity is the same story. Truth refers to truth and justice, as part of the whole. We are still talking about the concept of "truth". A synonym for it is only partial. This shows how much the meaning of the word in question is in the language.
Let's take two phrases: "social justice" and "social truth". And even an untrained person it is obvious that the first may or should permeate all of society, to make people happy. And the second reflects only the interests of one group, so cannot be universal. Of course, you can say that this is a free interpretation, but we're dealing with language. And the last is a field of creativity within certain limits, of course.
The same is true (but "truthfully" can not be said in this case) and for truth, which is vast, abstract and elusive. Truth is a fact, and the truth is a phantom. Philosophers have been chasing him for a long time, and no one has yet come up with a system that would convince everyone.
In some contexts, "truth" is replaced with "truth", and sometimes such a substitution is impossible, for stylistic reasons. Before you change one thing to another, think carefully, will not the meaning disappear? It is very cautious to use the definition of "truth", the synonym conveys only a partial meaning of the basic concept.
Contrast always helps to reveal the main thing. The global antonym of truth is a lie. The latter has its own meaning and synonyms. Let us consider them at least briefly.
The value of a lie is only one: this is a mismatch of the assertion of objective reality. "People can fly without airplanes." The statement contradicts the facts. Or Petrov believes that Ivanov - a man harmful and evil. About which he informs Sidorov, and Sidorov does not agree, because he saw Ivanov pick up homeless cats and take care of them. So Ivanov is a kind, sincere person, and Petrov, evidently, ran into the bad mood of his comrade. And nothing to erect. However, we are distracted. I must say that even a child knows which word "truth" has an antonym.
The synonyms of "lies" and other opposites of truth
Lies have more names than truth. Consider these:
Despite the outdated status of krived, one can still hear such a skirmish between people:
- Is it true that you wrote off Petrov, Ivanov?
In this case, the exclamation expresses not only extreme despair, but also disagreement, moral indignation, reached its apogee. That is, there is nothing more deviating from the true state of things ("curve") than such an assumption. Therefore, it is not so much a synonym and outdated.
We researchers thoroughly understand the meaning of the word "truth", as well as its synonyms and antonyms. The reader is left to wish to easily distinguish the truth from lies, because it is not always so simple.