In life, you can face a variety of situations. Some of them are sometimes unforeseen. Especially when it comes to health. In this article I want to consider the consequences of removal of the spleen, as well as the functions of this organ. How normal can the patient's life be after splenectomy?
The main thing about this body
Initially, you need to understand what the spleen is. Until recently, this body was treated as a secondary one, calling it the second liver. And the ancient Aesculapius and did believe that he secrete black bile, therefore, negatively affects the mood and well-being of a person. But this is fundamentally wrong. It is a small, fist-sized organ. The main function of the spleen is to destroy leukocytes and red blood cells, as well as to help the body fight various infections. This is the so-called filter for bacteria. But that's not all. No less important function of the spleen is the regulation of hemopoiesis, as well as the coagulability of blood. But still scientists say that you can live without this organ.
When can the spleen be removed?
It should be noted that all organs must perform their function in the body qualitatively. But it also happens that sometimes something has to be removed, something should be disposed of according to the doctors' indications. What are the indications for removing this organ?
- The strongest trauma of the spleen, after which it can not perform its functions qualitatively.
- Rupture of the organ. This can be due to inflammation, infection, tumor or even taking certain medications.
- Remove the spleen and in case of damage to the blood vessels in it.
- From this body is often disposed of in such diseases of the immune system as HIV infection.
Diseases in which spleen removal can also be indicated: myelofibrosis (when fibrous tissue is formed in the bone marrow), lymphoma or leukemia, splenic abscess, tumor, splenomegaly (enlargement of this organ).
A few words about the operation
Surgery to remove the spleen is called in medicine by splenectomy. But the doctor can not just appoint her. This is preceded by a series of medical manipulations. What should the patient do?
- Pass a medical examination, take blood tests, urine.
- Also prescribe a radiography of the abdominal cavity, ultrasound, computer tomography can be prescribed.
- Required will be an electrocardiogram, where the work of the heart muscle will be studied.
It is also necessary to analyze the sensitivity of the patient to various medications. In this case, the patient also must tell the doctor what medications he is taking. After all, some of them must be eliminated before the operation. For example, you have to give up drugs that dilute blood (drugs "Clopidogrel" or "Warfarin") or have an anti-inflammatory effect (for example, the drug "Aspirin").
The operation can be open (removal of the organ through the incision) or be performed by laparoscopy (a small, almost inconspicuous incision will be made through which the tube will be inserted). Preliminary, the patient will receive general anesthesia, thanks to which the patient will spend the operation in a dream.
What happens immediately after surgery
After removal of the spleen, the patient is sent to the postoperative ward. It happens that the patient needs a blood transfusion if during the surgical intervention there was a loss of blood. The body itself is given for diagnosis, for testing.
In the hospital after the operation, the patient will not stay long, about 3-5 days. If complications arise, the patient will be left for a longer period.
A few words about disability
What is fraught with legal removal of the spleen? Disability in such cases is not established. The maximum that a person can count on is a certain percentage of disability. And only if there are very good reasons for this.
What will happen with the body?
Many people are interested in the question: what are the consequences of removal of the spleen? Can the organism live and function normally without this organ? It should be noted that events can develop in different ways. But I must say that the immunity from this will suffer significantly. That is, a person has a higher risk of getting infections and colds. Therefore it is necessary very much to protect itself. The urgency of vaccination is also increasing.
Considering the various consequences of the removal of the spleen, it should be noted that in this case it is possible not only to easily "catch" the infection. At the same time, a person is very hard to tolerate any disease. Often it is overgrown with all sorts of complications. Increased risk of death, even from the most, at first glance, common cold. The most affected are those who survived the operation in the last couple of years, as well as toddlers up to the age of 5.
Rules of behavior after removal of the spleen
Any surgical intervention is the strongest stress for the body. Especially if a certain organ was removed. So, after splenectomy it is very important to constantly support yourself, help your body. In this case it is necessary:
- To adhere to a sparing diet.
- To prevent colds.
- During the increased risk of infection with various diseases, avoid visiting crowded places.
- It is important to vaccinate against certain diseases, which can eventually become deadly to humans.
- Travel should be sent to safe countries where medicine is developed and where there is no risk of catching malaria or hepatitis.
- Periodically it is necessary to go for preventive examinations, also more often it is necessary to visit the attending doctor.
And that the consequences of removing the spleen did not turn into something dangerous, you just need to pay a little more attention to your body, protecting it from various infections.
Diet after spleen removal
Well, at the very end, I want to tell you what diet should be. After all, the food after the removal of the spleen is special. So, it is best that all dishes are cooked for a couple or cooked. It is necessary to avoid fatty, fried, salty and peppery. Bread is recommended to use only yesterday's pastries, soups should be cereals. It is necessary to give preference to cereals, soups, vegetarian borscht, poultry, fish, dairy products. You also need to consume berries, vegetables and fruits. All food should be low in fat content.
Completely refuse will have marinades, fatty varieties of meat, fat, smoked products, cream products, coffee, chocolate, cooking fats.
Daily intake of proteins should be 100 grams, carbohydrates - 300 grams, fat - only 80. Also, you can not consume more than 3000 kcal per day.