In life, you can face a variety of situations. Some of them are sometimes unforeseen. Especially when it comes to health. In this article I would like to consider the consequences of the removal of the spleen, as well as the functions of this organ. How normal can the life of a patient be after splenectomy?
The main thing about this body
Initially, you need to understand what a spleen is. More recently, this body was treated as secondary, calling it the second liver. And the ancient Aesculapius believed that it secretes black bile, therefore it negatively affects the mood and well-being of a person. But this is fundamentally wrong. It is a small, fist-sized organ. The main function of the spleen is to destroy white blood cells and red blood cells, as well as to help the body fight various infections. This is the so-called bacteria filter. But that's not all. An equally important function of the spleen is the regulation of blood formation and coagulability of the blood. But still scientists say that it is possible to live without this body.
When can spleen removal be relevant?
It is worth noting that all organs must perform their function in the body with high quality. But it also happens that sometimes you have to remove something, according to the testimony of doctors you have to get rid of something. What are the indications for the removal of this body?
- The strongest injury of the spleen, after which it can not qualitatively perform its functions.
- Organ rupture This may be due to inflammation, infection, a tumor, or even the intake of certain medications.
- It is also necessary to remove the spleen in case of damage to the blood vessels in it.
- From this body often get rid of such diseases of the immune system as HIV infection.
Diseases in which spleen removal can also be indicated: myelofibrosis (when fibrous tissue is formed in the bone marrow), lymphoma or leukemia, spleen abscess, tumor, splenomegaly (enlargement of the organ).
A few words about the operation
Surgery to remove the spleen is called in medicine splenectomy. But the doctor cannot appoint it just like that. This is preceded by a series of medical manipulations. What should the patient do?
- To undergo a medical examination, to pass blood tests, urine.
- An abdominal radiography, an ultrasound scan are also prescribed, and computed tomography may be prescribed.
- An electrocardiogram, where the work of the heart muscle will be studied, will be obligatory.
You also need to conduct an analysis of the sensitivity of the patient to various drugs. In this case, the patient should also inform the doctor what medications he takes. After all, some of them need to be eliminated before the operation. For example, it is necessary to abandon drugs that thin the blood (drugs "Klopidogrel" or "Warfarin") or have an anti-inflammatory effect (for example, the drug "Aspirin").
The operation can be open (removal of an organ through an incision) or it can be performed by laparoscopy (a small, almost imperceptible incision will be made through which a tube will be inserted). Previously, the patient will be given general anesthesia, due to which the patient will spend the operation time in a dream.
What happens immediately after surgery
After removal of the spleen, the patient is sent to the postoperative ward. It so happens that the patient needs a blood transfusion, if during surgery there was loss of blood. The body itself is given for diagnosis, for testing.
In the hospital after surgery, the patient will not be long, about 3-5 days. If complications arise, the patient will be left for a longer period.
A few words about disability
What is the legal aspect of spleen removal? Disability in such cases is not installed. The maximum that a person can count on is a certain percentage of disability. And only if there are very good reasons for this.
What will happen to the body?
Many people are interested in the question: what are the consequences of spleen removal? Can an organism live and function normally without this organ? Here it should be noted that events can develop in different ways. But I must say that immunity from this will significantly suffer. That is, a person increases the risk of diseases of infectious and catarrhal diseases. So you have to take care of yourself. The relevance of vaccination is also increasing.
Considering the various consequences of spleen removal, it should be noted that in this case it is not only easy to catch the infection. At the same time, the person is also very difficult to tolerate any disease. Often it is overgrown with all sorts of complications. It also increases the risk of mortality even from the most seemingly ordinary cold. Those affected by the operation in the last couple of years, as well as toddlers under the age of 5, are most affected.
Rules of conduct after spleen removal
Any surgical intervention is the strongest stress for the body. Especially if a specific organ has been removed. So, after splenectomy it is very important to constantly support yourself, help your body. In this case, it is necessary:
- Follow a gentle diet.
- To prevent colds.
- During the heightened risk of infection with various diseases avoid visiting crowded places.
- It is important to vaccinate against certain diseases, which can eventually become deadly to humans.
- You must travel to safe countries where medicine is developed and where there is no risk of catching malaria or hepatitis.
- Periodically, you need to go for routine check-ups, and you will also have to visit your doctor more often.
And in order to prevent the consequences of spleen removal from turning into something dangerous, you just need to give your body a little more attention, protecting it from various infections.
Diet after spleen removal
Well, at the very end I want to tell you what should be a diet. After all, nutrition after removal of the spleen is special. So, it is best for all dishes to be steamed or cooked. You need to avoid fatty, fried, salty and pepper. Bread is recommended to use only yesterday's pastries, soups should be cereal. It is necessary to give preference to cereals, soups, vegetarian borscht, poultry, fish, dairy products. You also need to consume berries, vegetables and fruits. All food should be low fat.
Completely have to abandon the marinades, fatty meats, lard, smoked meats, cream products, coffee, chocolate, cooking fats.
Daily protein intake should be 100 grams, carbohydrates - 300 grams, fat - only 80. Also, you can not consume more than 3000 kcal in one day.