What was going on with the poet so strange, full of forebodings, obscure hints, allegories in the first decade of the twentieth century? He already experienced one revolution, fell in love with two Lubov (Mendeleev and Delmas), met a warm and talented circle of Symbolists who had become his true friends. Many years before writing this poem he was smiled by the Muses: he became a famous poet, a professional, even the Platonic world of ideas seemed to him to submit. How much more interesting is the analysis of the poem "Russia", the history of which is revealed to the reader.
One by one his books came out. The theme of love for the Beautiful Lady was closely intertwined with love for Russia so much that sometimes it was impossible to separate them into poetic fabric. Most likely, Russia was Blok's most unknown woman, who breathed fogs, where the ancient beliefs were inspired by elastic silk, mourning feathers on a hat and a narrow hand in rings. For a long time and a lot he wrote about Russia allegorically: the bride, wife, mother - they were all poet of the Motherland.
Examples of skill
Analysis of the poem "Russia" after the above is becoming a special character, because there is no mysticism, it would seem, no allegory. But, rereading each line slowly, considering each word, one can understand the main thing: there is mysticism, and there are more allegories than in the verses about Stranger.
In the first quatrain, an allusion to the most poetic Gogol's "Eh, the bird-troika!" Is clearly heard: three erased slips flutter in Blok's lines, painted knitting needles in a broken road (loose wheels). Even retelling the poem with prose, you see the same picture: the non-moving triplet rushed.
The second quatrain: beggar Russia, gray huts, wind songs and love. Just remember Lermontov with a strange love for the Motherland. This is very typical for Russian poetry in general, and for the Russian people in particular - to love in spite of.
For what to love the Motherland
To make a full analysis of the poem "Russia" Bloc, you need to move this way, almost touch, like in the dark, because here the image of Russia is no less hidden by the mystery than the image of the Stranger in elastic silks.
Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Blok wrote this poem on October 18, 1907, when autumn has almost lost its "robbery". It was during this period that the poet created a cycle of poems called "Motherland", which entered the third volume of the "Trilogy of Incense".
The first, most vital question - poems about Russia. Blok gradually realized the importance of this topic for his work. He even admitted that all his poems - about Russia, and not about women, that he decided to devote his entire life to the Motherland. An analysis of the poem of the Russia Bloc completely confirms these words.
The first publication was more simplistic, although the quatrain was later diminished. The poet reinterpreted his feelings and ceased to be grounded in an attempt to answer the question, for what can you love this poor homeland, which will never make you happy and will not please you in any way.
Blok thought and in the second edition removed everything that concerned the promised generosity of his native land and the wealth lying in the bowels. Because he loved his motherland for something, not even for beauty, but simply because Homeland: robbery beauty, immortal, not disappearing, with an instant strict, sternocular look (a handkerchief to the eyebrows), full of possible impossibility. This is what love should be like. Very wise, the poet Alexander Blok. Analysis of the poem "Russia" is just as difficult for this reason.
Russia was destined for him
Loving for wealth, they say, is easier. But is this love? Do not calculate it? Analysis of the lyric poem of the Russia Bloc shows that the reasons for which love appears for a poet are not important. She simply is, let in poverty, even in humiliation, deceived and offended. The light of love illuminates and fills with meaning all that its rays are falling: with meaning and beauty.
Like tears of first love - gray huts. Until 1917 there was another orthography: like tears (not tears), the first love. And it is also necessary to disassemble in detail the phrase of the last quatrain, which is not very understandable in modern times: the melancholy ringing of a deaf song is ringing a deaf song. What kind of oxymoron? Was the tenor a coachman or a bass-profundo?
It is necessary to be an explorer to master the analysis of Blok's "Russia" poem. Metaphors here ring like a mosquito swarm at the dawn fishing. Consider these two lines carefully. The verbal number is revealed in a wide pictorial picture: ringing, melancholy, jail, deaf song, coachman.
And I want to exclaim: deafness! And the coachman probably sings well, otherwise the music would not sound in the poem, and the picture would not have risen so brightly before the eyes. And one more association in the third quatrain: bear your cross. What does it mean - to submit to fate, to accept, to believe in God, He will save, help, lead. And then the poet did not just submit, he believes so deeply that he carefully carries his cross.
Everyone remembers the famous poster "Motherland". The tradition of such associations goes very deep into antiquity. The image of the Motherland and the image of the mother are extremely close and understandable to each other, in practice they are identical. There are no trajectories in the lyrics of the Block. The image of the Motherland is rarely associated with his mother's image. For him, the Motherland is his wife.
As it was said a little bit above, Blok became close friends with the Symbolists. It was from them that the poet learned to see his country in this way. And they learned from Vladimir Solovyov - a philosopher, whose idea of Eternal Feminism has inspired more than one generation of poetic youth. Blok has Russia as it is. She is the only eternal wife who will inevitably have to love, albeit bitterly, but selflessly, with forebodings of tragic events, prophesying about it with confidence that everything will end well.
Impossible is possible
The greatest attraction of this poem is that the image of Russia is not straightforward, it is broad, multifaceted. External grayness, slackness, poverty and a huge inner strength in the lines that are equal to immortality. Impossible is possible. How much faith in a miracle, in a powerful hidden potential, in spiritual revelation. Also an allusion: Tiutchev, "Russia can not understand with the mind. "
The poem is written with a four-legged iambic. Means of artistic expressiveness are used very differently: robbery, golden years (epithets); like tears of the first love (comparison), there can be no inversion here.
The image of the road, which is ringed this work, you can finish the analysis of the poem Bloc "Russia". Ring composition is a very clear symbol: perpetual motion. Russia will not turn off the road and will not stop.
The analysis of the poem "Russia", the means of expressiveness in which are diverse, it is necessary to finish it by indicating trails and stylistic figures. Let's start.
Trails - unexpected turns in speech, turns in figurative meaning, allegory.
In this poem, as already noted, their mass. The brightest of the tropes is an allusion. These are hints of certain well-known, quite real facts, where the connection between objects (spoken and implied) is very tight.
Without metaphors, there is no speech, the more poetic: the notorious flogging the helmets, or the dark personalities whose work boils. To search for Blok's metaphors is like a raisin in a sack with raisins.
Metonymy can be looked for (care clouding). And at every step in this poem it is possible to stumble about metonymy. Phraseologisms so captivated the language, they became so common expressions that to mark metaphors and metonymy in Blok's verses - simply to rewrite the words. The same applies to impersonation.
There are probably no synecdoches here, but there are plenty of allegories. Russia is a virgin, boards are patterned.
Anaphora with the antithesis before this poem, fortunately, did not reach. Even the union's favorite Bloc did not fit here: "Night. Street. Lamp. Pharmacy". And again the threading of the helmets. There is no union, as well as a multi-union. Very simple language is written a poem.
The gradation is not explicit. The desire for culmination is in every work, even in prose. The absence of inversion and the presence of looping have already been noted. Oxymoron, although not in this poem, but was mentioned.