Russian Boris Borisovich Ryzhy, an untimely Russian poet, in one of his philosophical poems, bequeathed these very lines as an epigraph to all his work.
Therefore, it is hardly worth starting a story about his life and work otherwise.
Poets are not born by chance
These two different Russian poets are somewhat alike. The first is the poet of the XIX century, Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov. Brilliantly educated, brave. After the death of Pushkin, the most talented Russian poet of his time. Misunderstood, unrecognized in life. A brawler and a fatalist, extrasensoryly gifted. His life ended in 27 years. The fateful duel with Martynov was more like suicide: the poet deliberately defied, mocked, mocked the officer, knowing full well that he would not miss.
The second is Boris Ryzhiy. His poems were appreciated not only in Russia, but also in Europe. Boris committed suicide three months before the age of 27. According to many critics, he is the most talented Russian poet of the 90s of the last century. From the history of his death blows mysticism.
Boris was distinguished by phenomenal education. He powerfully continued the tradition of talented poets of the second half of the 20th century: David Samoilov, Boris Slutsky, Alexander Kushner. He managed to return the lost musicality to his contemporary poetry. His work is noticeable even now: lively modern poets (meaning Polina Barskova, Maxim Amelin, Vsevolod Zelchenko) have never been able to surpass the level of creativity given to them.
The death of the poet turned out to be unexpected and stunning for those around him: the body hung on the balcony door of his apartment in his native Yekaterinburg, and the death note lay next to him. Her text ended with the words: “I loved everyone. No fools. ”
Motives of creativity. Reader's opinion
Let us return to the comparative analysis of the personalities of Lermontov and Red. What is common between the two poets mentioned? Answering this question, you should read the reviews of the admirers of the poetry of Boris Ryzhy. Undoubtedly, both of them are the most educated intellectuals of their time, rebels and fatalists. Their worldview in something similar, has related features:
- the unacceptability of a vicious, merciless social order relying on the suppression of dissent;
- the cooled spirit of youth, however, already known, absorbed to the brim all the bitterness of the world’s indifference;
- the living soul, seeing through and seeing the hidden Evil in the ordinary, with which for some reason everyone has long since come to terms;
- the mind of the fatalist, who knew the powerlessness of his desire to change the world for the better.
Childhood, study, work of Boris Ryzhy
Who is he, the tempter of his fate, the poet Boris Red? His biography is so short, but rich.
He was born on September 8, 1974 in the family of a geophysical scientist in the secure town of Chelyabinsk-40. After six years, the family moved to live in Sverdlovsk.
How did it happen that an unexpected, unexpectedly powerful talent appeared abnormally in a provincial guy not from a creative environment? About this, perhaps, only God knows. Boris, who lives a courtyard life, is able to stand up for himself, greedily absorbing the concepts of the Sverdlovsk thieves world, at the same time was distinguished by unique linguistic education, amazing reading, literacy. He was distinguished by remarkable intuition in the awareness and assessment of the literary process.
How could such different things be combined in one person? Still, the creative principle was in him, of course, primary, and thieves style - alluvial. Perhaps the protest of the professorial son against the contemporary society, which is in a deep crisis, of society, was so expressed. In 1991, he entered the Mining Institute, and in 1987 - the Ural Mining Academy, in 2000 - graduate school. About this period of his life, Boris Ryzhy will write:
Briefly about the work of the poet
At the age of 14, Boris wrote his first poems, and at the same age won the Sverdlovsk boxing championship. This combination of musical poetry and tough male sports prompted the poet to write out of the ordinary, piercingly and with anguish from his literary start. In the future, his talent was developed while studying at the Ural Mining Institute. under the influence of a mentor (a poet and a wonderful person) Yuri Lobantsev. Already at that time his style appeared: tense, but filled with melody.
The chronology of the milestones of his short creative work is reflected in only a few dates:
- 1992 - publication in the Rossiyskaya Gazeta;
- 1997 - in the literary magazine "Star";
- since 1999 - in the literary magazine "Banner";
- in 2000, the poet was awarded the prize "Antibuker."
In 2000, the only lifetime collection of poems of the poet was published in the well-known series of poetic editions “Autograph”.
Marriage. Birth of a son
The poet Boris Ryzhiy married the first year of the institute. His wife Irina two years later gave birth to his son Anton. Despite the sociable nature and the periodic "libation with friends" (this was demanded by the Sverdlovsk unwritten street code of honor), the poet was one-lover. However, as you understand (everyday life), his family life was not without quarrels.
In the “family” of Boris Ryzhy one can see the same case of a single, true love, a person who is not fake about anything, about which the British singer Bob Marley sang so emotionally: “One love, one hart”. Boris fell in love in school and since then his feeling never cooled in him, often he dedicated verses to his spouse, amazing by their tenderness.
A talented person - talented in everything. Boris Ryzhy wrote 18 scientific papers on the structure of the Ural earth crust and its seismicity. He worked as a junior researcher at the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, participated in expeditions. Parallel to this led a column in a literary magazine.
Creative rethinking of his native city
Somehow, the genes of his father, doctors of geological and mineralogical sciences, reincarnated in him;
The poet provides an opportunity for his readers to feel this uncomfortable, gray, gaping Sverdlovsk perestroika windows shabby houses, with such artistically perfect power, with which Andrei Tarkovsky in the film Stalker shows an anomalous zone.
By nature, a bully and a knight
He was totally alien to any snobbery. He recognized only those poets from the literary party, whose poems at the resonance echoed his heart, and was not mistaken. Even his first literary awards, he went to receive, only after seeing the jury of those whom he respected for his work.
Boris (whether in literature or in life) always remained himself. He created high poetry, weaving into it typical words that ordinary yard guys used to speak daily, priblatnennye and not. The poet himself actively adopted, savoring the informal manners of his countrymen with criminal experience. Did he accidentally do this: saturating the loud rhymed lines with thieves and yard words?
To search for an answer, we turn to the idea expressed by Viktor Pelevin in the novel “Generation II”. The most famous Russian writer asserted that, at present, the words we hear through the media and in everyday life are redundant, blurred and empty, and only a criminal language remains truly valuable, sacred. After all, it is in him that the word has weight and you can pay for it with your life.
For Boris, the fatalist and idealist, it was the Word that was the alpha and the omega of life. For Ryzhey, a poet who doesn’t rush out of words, the real knights were not the media figures, and not even the young people of today (“generation P”), but the old legal thieves (he was personally acquainted with some of them), knowing the price of honor and ready to pay her
Talent active, bright talent
If necessary, defend their reputation in his hometown of Boris Borisovich Red, without hesitation, climbed into a fight. "What a thousand words will cost when the strength of the hand is important." However, in the works he was expected by the same intense, but more intelligent fights.
Undoubtedly, he used slang, as a weapon, in the invisible unequal duel of talented intellectual with literary marbling, initial deadness, poetic graphomancy and snobbery. So, without renouncing the lively slang of the urban language of the gateways, he paid tribute to the memory of his Sverdlovsk comrades, who had left untimely drugs and disorder. However, the imaginary hooligan Boris Ryzhiy, in the opinion of his closest friends, really remained vulnerable and thin-skinned “bookish” young man.
Regarding him, the words of Vladimir Semenovich Vysotsky were quite fair: "Like a drop of sweat from the pores, a soul oozed from under the skin."
He could not bear the false prophets in his homeland, but he exposed them intelligently, delicately, in his signature creative manner. And the thoughtful reader saw that the aging idol, living with old baggage, had long ceased to be a "ray of light." Boris Red, childishly mischievous, reminds them, ironically called "aging boys", that talent is an interest not exaggerated by the media in a person who has stopped hearing the pulse of the era, this Gift from Above:
Misunderstood in the bustle of troubled times, unrecognized during his lifetime. Boris Ryzhy scooped the negative energy of decadence in the mores and traditions of the Ural society, subject to a provincial crisis.
One of the constant motives in the work of Boris Ryzhey is the motive of imminent and imminent death. Note that this creative trend is primarily characteristic of the Sverdlovsk crowd. Accordingly, our poet, who romanticizes Yekaterinburg and takes in his image with all the fibers of his soul, recklessly adopted this soaring pseudo-romantic spirit without thinking.
The motive of decadence in the works
So, he decided ... Is it himself, or is there a place for mysticism? To whom he addressed these poems:
To whom can a Christian address so intimately? Only to his, God-given, guardian angel? And Boris does it on his own will! He felt that the poet of the end of the 20th century experienced, calling instead of his Protector the heavenly “angel of death”. No doubt: the poet calls for death!
Is this the fruit of "thoughtlessness", a naive-metaphysical delusion inherent in green youth? After all, this is how non-creative individuals try to present themselves, daring to give themselves weight and significance with pathetic judgments, completely distant from the true nature of talent.
How do you want in response to these attempts of people who believe that they are able to give an explanation to everything, to silence these characters? The words of another talented person come to mind: “Shame on you, remove your paws!” Since, above all, the poet is Boris Ryzhiy, and ordinary logic is powerless here.
On the motives of suicide. Option A (mystic)
His untimely death, which occurred on May 7, 2001, resulted in a numbness of his relatives and friends. They were perplexed: judging by the hysterical, in love, sincere attitude towards life, the poet Boris Ryzhiy had every chance to live long and happily. Why did he hang himself? It is unlikely that an explanation for this can be in a bourgeois logical way, after all, Boris was the demiurge of the image of anomalous Ekaterinburg created by himself!
Trying to find the reason for such an early departure, let us turn to the images of the Strugatsky brothers from the novel Picnic by the Road.
For Stalker-Boris, by and large, there are two pillars that determine his life: the anomalous Yekaterinburg (analogous to which in the Strugatsky novel is the Zone) and poetry born of his own soul. Poet Boris Ryzhiy positions himself with the image of the demiurge of “his Yekaterinburg”, fabulous, unique. Why is he decided at such a high price to create one of the mysterious stories of his city?
This creepy Yekaterinburg legend begins with the fact that Sverdlovsk friends-poets Boris Ryzhiy and Roman Tyagunov in the summer of 2000 made an announcement about organizing a poetic competition for the literary prize "Marble" with a strange theme: "About Eternity". The list of the jury of the competition included Roman Tyagunov, Boris Ryzhiy, Oleg Dozmorov and Dmitry Ryabokon.
The guys were delighted. The organization of the literary event itself was full of black humor, because the funeral company was the sponsor of the creative work! The winners of the poetic competition were awarded a marble book engraved with lines of their verse. However, the organizers were not destined to implement the idea of competition.
On the eve of 2001, on December 30, the poet Roman Tyagunov fell out of the window and crashed to death. The poet Boris Ryzhy followed him to another world on May 7, 2001. On the eve of Roman’s passing from his life, Boris fell out with him, and after his funeral he began to experience complete depression. Before his death, he called his best friend Oleg Dozmorov and talked with him for two hours.
Shocked by what had happened, Oleg, burying his closest friend, soon, to his dismay, himself began to sense an inexplicable "call of eternity." Having decided to break the death chain (see the list of the jury of the competition), he left Ekaterinburg for Moscow. Soon, Dozmorov will tell in one of his interviews about how expensive this deadly literary myth of Yekaterinburg was created.
On the motives of suicide. Option B (shortest path)
On the other hand, it is hard for a creative person to live when the audience loving your creativity constantly has soft but ruthless pressure, demanding new and new talented things. Attempts of people of creativity in this situation to shake, strengthen their energy with alcohol, drugs are incomplete, temporary and lead only to an absolute personal crisis. After all, as you know, the only way of creativity is the flight of inspiration with a pen in hand over a piece of paper.
Boris is not the man who can, to old age, live happily and foolishly, parasitizing on his talented verses once written! Hence the obvious crisis: you need to change yourself, but how? The poet does not imagine this!
However, there is also the old faithful "option B" of reaching a higher level of recognition, however, at an excessively expensive price. Did Boris Ryzhy follow this vicious algorithm? The cause of his death is shrouded in mystery. Unfortunately, the early departure of genius people has long been a sad trend, their list is well known. As can be seen from the story, the poets protest against their commonplace platitudes, indifference and vulgarity in two ways: either through a scandal or by suicide.
The poet in life feels, foresees his posthumous glory in the Old World. (“The pan-European gloss of the trans-Asian poet’s word will be acquired”). And he is right, because the love expressed in his rhymes for his native city, for his people, who are humanly suffering from the dullness and despair of the surrounding, flood wounds inflicted by indifference, vodka, and from this reveal their soul, unexpectedly beautiful. hearts of ordinary people.
The books of Boris Ryzhy after his death were published in Russia, Germany, Britain, Italy, and several of his poems translated into Dutch became hit songs by the “De Kift” group. Strange thing: the real popularity comes to the Russian poets only after death, did Vladimir Vysotsky and Igor Talkov sing about this? Boris Ryzhiy felt this in his own way and expressed it in piercing lines:
Paradoxically, the poet Boris Red is becoming more and more popular in Russia after his death. His poems touch the soul of his readers with their piercing. He died at the age of Lermontov, he is a hero of his time, uniquely and indelibly in a poetic way who managed to convey the atmosphere of the 90s. Poet original, unique, he is known outside of Russia. It is read in translation by the British, Germans, Dutch, Italians. He was also a good friend, a faithful husband, a loving father.
Painfully incomprehensible and tragic departure of the poet. After all, he was by nature extremely intelligent and disciplined. Boris was born for a long, fruitful creativity. This is eloquently spoken by the following lines:
According to serious researchers of his work, the reason for the suicide of the poet Boris Ryzhy was the categorical acceptance by him of the infernal fantasies of the Ural crowd. The poet, fed by the energy industry of Yekaterinburg, unfortunately repeatedly and unnecessarily romanticized the theme of leaving the world. And as they say theatergoers, a gun hanging in the scenery on the stage, be sure to shoot.