Surely there is no person in the world who has ever encountered such a phenomenon as a crunch in the knee area. While squatting, walking fast or just bending a limb. Someone does not pay any attention to it, and someone immediately falls into a panic. Both that and other reaction are inadequate. Before you get seriously concerned, you need to understand why the knee crunches. Well, to understand this, you must at least pay attention to this symptom. However, it may mean nothing at all.

The physiological crunch and the circumstances of his appearance

Experts distinguish two types of crunch in the knee joints - physiological and pathological.

If the knees crunch when squats or loads of another kind and it happens quite rarely, then most likely, we are talking about the physiological nature of the phenomenon. Such a crunch is not accompanied by pain, the knee joint looks as usual - no tumor is observed. The person does not experience any other discomfort, except purely psychological.

For your own peace of mind, you can, of course, be examined, but if your knee cracks once a year, you should not worry.

Pathological crunch

The pathological crunch of the joint manifests itself quite differently. It occurs not during active, but during passive movement. When the knee crunches when bending, which is done by the limb not independently, but with outside help: for example, a person bends the leg with the help of hands or the doctor does it during the examination. Also, a symptom may occur when stretching the legs or maximum flexion of the fingers.

Often the crunch in such cases is accompanied by unpleasant clicks or even creaking. At the same time, the knee joint may ache, swell and lose mobility. Sometimes the skin around the skin turns red and the overall body temperature rises. The phenomenon is regular and requires mandatory medical intervention.

There are many causes of pathological and physiological crunch. The most common will be discussed below.

Safe Crunch Causes

The most common answer to the question of why the knee crunches may seem unexpected to many. And it sounds like this: “The bubbles just burst!”

The thing is that the knee joint is washed by a certain fluid (synovial). It has a certain composition (molecular, water and gas). The movement of a joint naturally changes the state of this fluid, namely its temperature and pressure. The dissolved gases begin to bubble and burst. This usually happens unnoticed by the host of the knee joint. But sometimes (with sudden movements, for example) it can appear as clicks.

It is completely safe and does not speak of any disease. But it is important to remember: the key word here is “sometimes.” If the crunch bothers often, it is better to be safe.

Another safe cause of crunching in the knees is grabbing the bone with a ligament or tendon. This happens in cases where the bone bulges a bit, which is a congenital phenomenon, and it is an age. It is often observed in children and adolescents whose body grows and develops rapidly, but unevenly.

Crunching in the joints is accompanied by the aging process, when the composition of tissues changes. This is considered normal.

Some people have a congenital defect in which the joint of the knee is equipped with weak ligaments. This provides the person with a great stretch and gives him a chance to become an outstanding acrobat or gymnast. But occasionally provokes a crunch.

Inflammatory processes

If the knee crunches when bending (especially passive), it can be a symptom of such terrible diseases of an inflammatory nature as arthritis, arthrosis, bursitis, tendens, deforming osteoarthritis and others. They are able to almost completely immobilize a person and make them permanently disabled.

Especially should be wary of those who have a swollen knee, crunches often and it hurts a lot. With a trip to the doctor can not hesitate a day.

Sedentary lifestyle

This reason in itself is not terrible. But its consequences can be quite serious.

People who lead a sedentary lifestyle, whose work, for example, is associated with sitting at a computer, can often notice that the knee crunches when walking.

It can be said that nature sends a warning signal: the body becomes decrepit, muscles and ligaments atrophy, urgent physical rehabilitation is necessary, otherwise there is a risk of becoming a real wreck. And then serious diseases will come down.

Strong physical exertion

Another explanation why knee crunches,   excessive exercise. The situation is well known to athletes who have gone too far with the exercises, and people who are carrying heavy loads. It can pass without consequences, and can cause, for example, arthrosis.

Injuries and damage

A crunch in the knees is often faced by people who have suffered joint injuries in the past. The latter weaken and crunch from the slightest tension.

Meniscus of the knee joint is most affected   it is damaged or torn due to the heavy load, which coincided with the process of its rotation and extension. This often happens with athletes. Trauma to the meniscus is accompanied by pain in the joint, swelling, fever, and characteristic clicks.

Damaged joints should be protected, because they are in a weakened state and are at risk of injury again.

Diagnosis of diseases of the knee joint

To find out exactly why knee crunches, you should visit a doctor. It can be either an arthrologist or an orthopedist.

The doctor will prescribe the necessary examinations, after which the patient will receive an answer to his question.

As a rule, diagnostics begins with the simplest methods. The doctor conducts a conversation about the presence or absence of past knee injuries, examines the joint, examines the nature of clicks. Next, routine blood tests are prescribed, as well as ultrasound, computed tomography or MRI.

These available tools, as a rule, provide comprehensive information. And only in extreme cases, when there are grounds for serious suspicion, the doctor may send his patient for a biochemical blood test or a test for rheumatoid factor. They are done in order to eliminate arthritis, see the general condition of the internal organs and accurately determine the cause of the crunch in the knees.

Because of pathologies knees crunch. How to treat?

Treatment of a crunch in a knee entirely and completely depends on what caused this phenomenon. If a person for many years led an almost motionless lifestyle and, suddenly deciding to go in for sports, noticed that his knees crunches during squats, his main task is not to stop at what has been achieved. Moderate exercise, regular exercise will nullify the problem: the joints will get stronger, and this symptom will pass. Therefore, if your knees crunches when you squat, you do not need to give up sports.

The rest will help the athletes who have “overloaded” their knees. People suffering from obesity or some kind of disease that indirectly provoke problems with the knee joints, should deal with the root cause of troubles: go on a diet, eliminate ailments ...

If we are talking about such serious diseases as arthritis, arthrosis, etc., then the course of treatment is expected to be complicated and lengthy. It includes taking antihistamines, hormones, anti-inflammatory drugs, magnetic therapy, physiotherapy, as well as the external use of ointments with warming components. In some particularly difficult cases, you may need to install the endoprosthesis.

Injuries, in particular the damaged meniscus of the knee, often require surgical intervention. And only if the gap is insignificant, you can get by with conservative methods: drugs, relieve swelling and pain, anti-inflammatory drugs, cooling dressings and dressings, fixing the joint, as well as medical gymnastics.

Traditional medicine also knows a lot of ways to deal with problems of the knee joints. For example, the swelling and pain she suggests removing with mint, eucalyptus and fir baths. Another remedy is made from cabbage leaves, plantain and chestnut. They need to be taken in equal quantities and turned into a homogeneous slurry, which is applied to the sore knee in the form of a compress for four to six hours. They say it helps well.

There are a lot of prescriptions, but any of them must be coordinated with your doctor.

Crunch prevention in the knees

As you know, any problem is easier to prevent than to solve. This also applies to diseases of the knee joints, accompanied by a crunch. The treatment can be expensive, debilitating and, by the way, harmless (after all, we treat one - cripple the other). But prevention and resources will not take much away, and it will not do harm for sure.

What preventive measures are advised to take a doctor?

  • Women are not recommended to wear high-heeled shoes for more than six hours a day.
  • People whose professional activity is connected with a permanent seat in a chair are recommended to get up and walk around the office more often, and in their free time to go to the swimming pool, ride a bicycle or just run around the house.
  • If, on the contrary, the work is associated with large loads on the knee joints, it is necessary at every opportunity to allow them to rest.
  • If there is a risk of injury to the joints, knee pads should be worn.
  • Exercises such as “scissors” and “bicycle” are good for knee joints. They develop them and make them sturdier.
  • It is impossible to prevent hypothermia of the joints - this can trigger inflammatory processes.
  • Any viral infections must be urgently treated - they can provoke arthritis, arthrosis and other insidious diseases.
  • Hormonal and endocrine diseases can also hit the knees. They need to be removed in the bud.
  • Magnetotherapy, heating, electrophoresis, etc., not only treat diseases of the joints, but also reduce the risk of their occurrence.
  • The joints also like to eat well. A balanced diet with adequate amounts of proteins, fats and carbohydrates will help their health. Calcium is especially important for joints.

The knees are the most important element of the human body, which performs many functions and carries a huge load. Therefore, to take care of them is the duty of everyone who wants to live a full life. Healthy joints do not hurt, move well, do not swell and do not crunch “viciously”. And if they sometimes crackle, then so - for the purpose of prevention. To not forget about them ...

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