Roach is a fish of the carp family. This is a school freshwater or semi-aisle vertebrate. Fishermen prefer roach primarily for its high activity throughout the year. And gourmets like it because of their tender meat with high taste. So what kind of fish is a roach? Photo, description of the species will allow you to learn more about this representative carp.
The roach has many subspecies, some of which have their own names: roach, ram, sorog. In the Urals and in Western Siberia, this fish is called "chebak."
In roach, the back color is blackish with a blue or green tint, and the belly and sides are silver. It differs from the nearest species with pharyngeal unmothed teeth, arranged in a row on each side, with rather large scales, a mouth, which is located at the end of the muzzle, and a dorsal fin that fits above the base of the ventral fins.
The scales are silvery-white, and the fins are of orange-red shades, with the exception of the dorsal and caudal.
Nutrition and reproduction
Adults feed on various invertebrates and their larvae, as well as mollusks, algae, detritus, plankton. The diet in the summer may include filamentous algae. In general, the roach is omnivorous and does not experience any special difficulties with food. In the middle of summer, you can seduce her only with well-chosen attachments in places with a clean bottom. In the autumn, when the vegetation dies off, individuals become less finicky.
Small fish of the carp family, roach, reaches sexual maturity at the age of three to five years. Individuals breed, as a rule, from March to May, when water has a temperature not lower than +8 degrees. Eggs, whose diameter reaches 1.5 mm, are glued to the plants.
River fish roach spawns in large schools, spawning at a time (from 2.5 to 100 thousand eggs). Calf development lasts 9-14 days, after which the larvae feed on smaller vertebrates themselves.
Semi-passage forms of fish, such as roach, grow much faster, their fertility is almost twice as large.
This representative of carp in the pond prefers areas overgrown with vegetation. Various ponds, lakes, rivers, estuaries, reservoirs, canals are inhabited by fish of the family. Roach many in the basins of the Azov and Black Seas - there it is found everywhere. It is also not difficult to find it on the Yamal Peninsula, where the Seyakha River flows, in Baikal - the deepest lake in the world, the Caspian and Aral seas.
The average life of a roach is about twenty years, during which it manages to reach a length of 35 cm and gain 1.5 kg of weight. A fish at the age of five weighs 70-80 g, at the age of seven it is about 200 g. Specimens up to 700 g are rare.
Roach - schooling fish. Weeds are usually assembled in size. Typically, individuals are located in the recess, closest to the shore. Small roach tries to keep closer to the land, and large swims at depth. Often the fish lives in cattail or reed.
In winter, the roach gathers in flocks. After the ice has melted, it moves aground, to the oxbows and brooks, and the pre-spawning bite begins there. A moving flock can be seen from a distance by the fluctuation of vegetation and bursts, but it is necessary to carefully approach it. Roach - a shy fish, it instantly leaves, noticing a fisherman. Search and catching are complicated with warming up the water.
A roach is unpretentious, feels great in deep clean waters. He likes to live on the outskirts of grassy thickets and glades between them, in the backwaters, bays. Large individuals prefer deep open spaces.
In the second half of October and in November, fish in large schools gather in deep holes. The roach in winter is usually concentrated near the kryag, near the thickets of vegetation, near the submarine elevations, near the rivers flowing into the reservoir. Mostly fish keeps near the bottom, however at any time of the year, including in the winter, it sometimes rises closer to the surface. And this suggests that in the winter months roach can be caught. It does not fall on the bait, perhaps, only in January cold.
How to fish a roach?
Fishing for roach is a laborious, but at the same time interesting activity. Despite the fact that this fish is sufficient in each reservoir, the angler does not always have a decent catch. The catch depends on many reasons: bait, tackle, personal skill of the fisherman.
As already mentioned, roach is a fish that has been caught for almost the entire year. But the best bite is in the spring, before spawning, as well as on the first and last ice. At this time, the roach can be caught on almost everything, with the exception of live bait, however, the maggots and bloodworms, as well as leaflets and small dung worms, are considered the best attachment.
It is recommended to catch roach on a float fishing rod with a mormyshka. The fishing line should be 20 cm shorter than the rod, which is desirable to equip with a shock absorber - a rubber band 50 mm long, smoothing jerks and not allowing the fish to tear off the fishing line.
Tackle must be equipped with at least three sinkers, while the smallest is located at the bottom. In winter, the roach often raises the nozzle, but it should not feel the weight of the sinker.
In mid-April and early May, the fish swims in flocks along the coastal vegetation, while eating everything that occurs on the way. During this period, you can catch a roach from the shore with a fishing rod with a rod no longer than five meters, choosing magical magnets, bloodworms, dough, bread, a worm or anything else as a nozzle.
During spawning, a fish is not afraid of anything at all, and you can literally catch it with your hands. The roaches are followed by large pikes and perches, they devour a crazed fish, not even paying attention to predators.
On spinning carp representatives it is ineffective to catch, but this does not mean that there will be no catch at all. In this case, it is necessary to place hook No. 4 or No. 5 with a worm or maggots in front of the rotating spinner. Catching with this should be done by slow wiring at a depth of about one and a half meters.
When spawning ends, the roach diverges in the pond, and then bait is needed for fishing: steamed cake, breadcrumbs, rolled oats, and small crank. In the case of catching ten or fifteen individuals in a row, prikormku added necessarily.
In the summer, the biting is very capricious. Fish languidly takes the nozzle, often spits it out. But the fishermen know the bait, which the roach willingly takes at such a time. First of all we are talking about the mulberry. Tempting for fish and the usual grasshopper. For this profit, roach should be caught near the surface vegetation.
If in the process of catching use bait, bite will be better. As it is suitable small insect larvae, pieces of crumpled bread, as well as worms that are unsuitable for nozzles.
The line during this period you need to take the thinnest, with a diameter of 0.1-0.12 mm, and mormyshku - the easiest. Posting during fishing should be smooth and slow, because the roach does not like sharp movements. Often in winter, the fish takes from the bottom, so you need to start by tapping it with a mormyshka, and then lift it smoothly.
Bites often occur at a height of 10-15 cm from the bottom. Bait, as in the summer, you need to make periodically. From the last days of December to March, it is better to catch roach on a burdock moth or a small moth. Frequent bites at this time will be for standing gear. Fish slime or a roach-moth should not be left on the fishing line and hook, as it scares the fish.