Roach is a fish of the carp family. It is a schooly freshwater or semi-transitory vertebrate. Fishermen primarily prefer roach for its high activity throughout the year. And gourmets like it because of the tender meat with high taste qualities. So what kind of fish is roach? The photo, the description of the species will allow you to learn more about this carp representative.
The Roach has many subspecies, some of which have their names: vobla, ram, soroga. In the Urals and in Western Siberia, this fish is called "Chebak".
The roach has a blackish back color with a blue or green tint, and the belly and side are silvery. From the nearest species differs pharyngeal teeth not incised, located in a row on each side, with a fairly large scales, a mouth that is at the end of the muzzle, and a dorsal fin that fits over the base of the ventral fins.
Scales silver-white, and fins of orange-red hues, except for the dorsal and caudal.
Nutrition and reproduction
Adult individuals feed on various invertebrates and their larvae, as well as mollusks, algae, detritus, plankton. Diet in the summer can include filamentous algae. In general, the roach is omnivorous and does not experience any special difficulties with food. In the middle of summer, you can seduce her only with well-chosen nozzles in places with a clean bottom. In the autumn, when vegetation dies, individuals become less fastidious.
Small fish of the family of carp, roach, puberty reaches at the age of three to five years. Breeding individuals, usually from March to May, when the water has a temperature of not below +8 degrees. Eggs, whose diameter reaches 1.5 mm, are glued to the plants.
River fish roach spawns in large flocks, at a time passes spawning (from 2.5 to 100 thousand eggs). The development of eggs lasts 9-14 days, after which the larvae feed independently on smaller vertebrates.
Significantly faster semipermanent fish forms, such as vobla, their fertility is almost double.
This representative of carp in the pond prefers sites overgrown with vegetation. Various ponds, lakes, rivers, estuaries, reservoirs, canals are inhabited by fish of the family. There are many lotches in the basins of the Azov and Black Seas - there it is found everywhere. Also it will not be difficult to find it on Yamal, where the Seyakha River flows, in Lake Baikal - the deepest lake in the world, the Caspian and Aral Seas.
The average life of the roach is about twenty years, for which it can reach a length of 35 cm in length and gain 1.5 kg of weight. Fish at the age of five weigh 70-80 grams, in the seven years it is about 200 g. Specimens up to 700 g are rare.
Roach is a schooling fish. Shoals usually gather in size. Usually the individuals are located in a depression nearest to the shore. A small roach tries to keep closer to the land, while a large roach swims at a depth. Often the fish lives near the cattail or reeds.
In winter, the roach gets into flocks. After the descent of ice, it moves on the shoals, into olden times and streams, and there begins the pre-spawning active biting. A moving flock can be seen from afar along the vibrations of vegetation and bursts, but it is necessary to approach it carefully. Roach - a shy fish, she instantly leaves, noticing the fisherman. Search and catching are complicated with water heating.
Roach is unpretentious, perfectly feels in deep clean reservoirs. He likes to dwell on the outskirts of grassy thickets and clearings between them, in the valleys, bays. Large individuals prefer deep open spaces.
In the second half of October and in November the fish gathers in large pockets in deep pits. Roach in winter is usually concentrated near snags, near thickets of vegetation, near underwater hills, near rivers flowing into the reservoir. Predominantly the fish keeps near the bottom, but at any time of the year, including in winter, sometimes rises closer to the surface. And this suggests that in the winter months you can catch a roach. She does not fall for bait, perhaps, only in the January cold.
How to fish roach?
Catching roaches is a laborious, but at the same time interesting activity. Despite the fact that this fish is enough in every pond, a fisherman does not always have a decent catch. The catch depends on many reasons: baits, gear, and the fisherman's personal craftsmanship.
As already mentioned, the roach is a fish that is caught almost all year round. But the best biting occurs in the spring, before spawning, and also on the first and last ice. At this time, the roach can be caught almost everything, except for zhivotsya, but the best nozzle is considered to be maggots and worms, as well as the shamrocks and small dung worms.
Choice of gears
To catch a roach is recommended for a float fishing rod with a mormish. The line should be 20 cm shorter than the rod, which is desirable to equip the shock absorber - an elastic band 50 mm long, smoothing the jerk and not allowing the fish to break the line.
Gear should be equipped with at least three sinkers, while the smallest is located below. In winter, the roach often lifts the nozzle, but it should not feel the weight of the sinker.
In mid-April and early May, the fish swim in flocks along the coast vegetation, while eating everything that meets on the way. During this period, you can catch roach from the shore with a fishing rod with a rod no longer than five meters long, choosing as a nozzle a sponge, bloodworm, dough, bread, worm or whatever.
During fish farming, fish are not afraid of anything at all, and you can literally catch it with your hands. After the roach, large pikes and perches follow, they devour stale fish, even ignorant of predators.
Spinning of carp fish is ineffective, but this does not mean that there will not be a catch at all. In this case, it is necessary to put a hook No. 4 or No. 5 with a worm or a cauliflower before rotating a shiny one. Lovlya should be carried out by slow wiring at a depth of about one and a half meters.
When the spawning ends, the roach disperses along the pond, and then the bait is needed for fishing: steamed cake, breadcrumbs, oatmeal, small bloodworm. In the case of catching ten to fifteen individuals in a row, the bait is added.
In summer, the biting is very moody. Fish sluggishly takes the nozzle, often spits it out. But fishermen know the bait, which the roach willingly takes at such a time. First of all, we are talking about silk. Seductive for fish and a common grasshopper. On this profit to catch a roach follows near a surface vegetation.
If you use bait during the fishing process, the biting will be better. Small insect larvae, pieces of crumpled bread, as well as worms that are unsuitable for attachment, will suit her.
Winter fishing for mormyshka
Lesku in this period should take the thinnest, with a diameter of 0.1-0.12 mm, and mormyshku - the easiest. Wiring during fishing should be smooth and slow, as the roach does not like sharp movements. Often in winter, the fish takes from the bottom, so you have to start by tapping it with a mormish, then smoothly pick it up.
Bites usually occur at an altitude of 10-15 cm from the bottom. Prikormochu, as in the summer, you need to produce periodically. From the last days of December to March, it is better to catch a roach on a burdock moth or small bloodworm. Frequent bites at this time will be on standing tackle. Fish mucus or sucked roach bloodweed in any case can not be left on the line and hook, as it scares away the fish.