Pyramid of Mikerin is the lowest, the smallest and the southernmost of the three famous Egyptian pyramids, located in Giza. Although she is small, she has the nickname "Heru", which translates as "high."
The Michelin's pyramid differs quite significantly from similar buildings located nearby, and therefore in the period of antiquity it was attributed to the homeland Rodopis (slave), perhaps because of ignorance of who she was. In fact, the construction belongs to the grandson of Cheops - Menkaure.
After reading this article, you can find out more information about this amazing sightseeing in Egypt.
Location of the pyramid
Only three large pyramids are located on the plateau of Giza: Cheops (the largest), Khafre and Mikerin (the smallest).
The smallest of the above-mentioned Pyramid of Mikerin is located on the banks of the Nile River, on the very edge of the Libyan desert. At present, modern Cairo has practically absorbed the Giza plateau, which is a stony, flat plain resembling a desert and stretching for 1,300 meters from south to north and 2000 meters from west to east.
Why it is here that Cheops built a pyramid, and then a son and grandson with similar types of structures joined him - it is not known. At the same place you can see a huge Sphinx, several temples and less significant small pyramids, as well as ancient tombs of priests.
Pyramid of Mikerin: description
The height of the Pyramid of Micherina (Menkaure) is 62 meters, although it is known that initially it was 66-meter high. The burial chamber is located almost at ground level. In the central part of the temple is a magnificent statue of the king.
The basis of all such structures in Egypt was usually rock, but this pyramid stands on a terrace artificially constructed of limestone blocks (the largest of them had a weight of up to 200 tons). There is evidence that, despite the rather small size, which speaks of the settling of the structure, this pyramid was in its time the most beautiful of all.
From the history of construction
In ancient times, the pyramid described was called the "Godlike Menkaour". It was built for Menkaur, the son of the pharaoh of the 4th dynasty Hafre (who was the son of Cheops).
When was the Micherine pyramid built? Construction continued from about 2532 to 2503 BC. At first the base of the pyramid was 60x60 meters, but then it increased. Pharaoh ordered for these purposes to choose the largest blocks, and to accelerate the construction of stones were not hewn. Judging from the surviving records, it is known that Pharaoh himself often controlled the conduct of construction work. However, the owner did not live to complete the construction of the pyramid, in connection with which further work continued under the leadership of Queen Nitokris.
The construction of the Pyramid of Mikerin was conducted on the basis of the experience of previous works, therefore everything here indicates the desire for perfect quality and beauty. The Pyramid of Mikerin is in the form of a regular quadrangular pyramid.
The entrance to the burial chamber was discovered by English researchers (Perring and Wiese) in 1837. They also took a magnificent basalt sarcophagus with them, but when it was transported to England it sank, today only its picture is preserved.
The subsequent pyramids were built according to a single standard (the height is not more than 20 m). It turns out that it was the complex of Mikerin that ended the era of the construction of the greatest pyramids.
To the south of each pyramid-companion was a funerary temple, lined over the masonry of stone with raw brick and decorated with columns of wood. The funeral complex is not very well preserved due to the rush in construction. Many buildings quickly collapsed.
The Pyramid of Micherine has an entrance to its interior. It is located on the north side, at a 4-meter height from the surface of the earth. It leads the corridor, becoming horizontal, into the bowels of the earth along the pillars of granite.
Compared to others, this burial chamber is very small. Its height is only 3.5 meters (6.5 by 2.3 m). Here, and housed a sarcophagus, once lost in the sea waters. The walls and the corridor are lined with granite, and well polished. There is another corridor from the burial chamber. It leads to a dead end.
In conclusion about the last path of the pharaoh
All pyramids of Giza are the center of the complex, its final element, which completes the funeral process. Virtually all of its components represent a certain symbol of the process of reincarnation of the deceased pharaoh into the great god of the Sun. The last path of Pharaoh after his death had several stops. It passed from east to west in the direction of the Sun (perpendicular to the direction of the Nile River).
Magnificently decorated funeral boat with the body of the pharaoh stopped at a special pier, located on the river bank (the lower church - the gate). Here there were rites of purification of the body and its mummification. From the lower temple (the back of it) there was a corridor leading to the hall for the funerary, in which Pharaoh was sent on the last journey. In the magnificent and richly decorated church with beautiful statues, the last ceremony of deification of the pharaoh was held, and then the coffin was placed in a sarcophagus.
Today, in the funeral complex of Mikerin, access is open to everyone who wants to plunge into the ancient world of the pharaohs.