Despite the general similarity in the name, the growing season and the growing season are completely different concepts. The second term describes the time period of development of a plant species or its variety and is a biological concept that defines the period from seed germination to full maturity. This determines the category of plant culture. It can be late, mid-ripe and, accordingly, early. Quite another is the growing season. What it is and how the process is characterized will be discussed below.
What is the process
Under the growing season means a certain time interval in the year, during which the culture develops and grows in a particular area with its climatic features. In general, the growing season - what is it? Meteorological concept relating to all plants that grow in a particular area.
Experienced gardeners and gardeners begin to harvest until the seeds ripen. In some cases, even before the beginning of the fruiting period. For this reason, called the time from the beginning of growth to harvest. You only need to know two time parameters to determine the growing season for tomatoes, cucumbers, and many other crops that produce fruit several times a year. This is the time of the first and last harvest.
Depending on the characteristics of the plant and the change of environmental factors, the period of vegetation varies. Few people know that this is a non-constant value. The timing of the process can vary from several days to several months. For example, if a certain plant culture lacks sunlight, then the growing season will double or three. Even a beginning gardener can say that this differs from a similar situation under optimal growth conditions. Vegetation is directly proportional to the growth and development of a plant that occurs in any organism at the same time. They are continuously interconnected, but in some cases they differ in the speed of these processes and intensity.
It is possible to control the vegetation period in plants. What does it mean? The stages of the process can be slowed down or, conversely, accelerated, creating ideal conditions for a favorable growth of the culture, since the heredity is strongly influenced by the environment.
It is especially important to create favorable conditions for active growth and rapid development of vegetable crops or fruit crops, which are annual. This can provide the following:
- excellent fruit growth;
- increase in assimilation apparatus;
- fruiting, characterized by abundance and early terms.
If you stop the growing season of cucumbers or tomatoes, you can get a good harvest. However, it is worth considering that this will significantly affect the fruiting, namely, all the fruits will not be fully ripe.
There are situations and reverse. To obtain a crop of root crops or stems, it is necessary to slow down the fruiting and increase the growth rate due to the loss of food quality and the degradation of the parts of the plants under consideration after the appearance of the peduncles. Because of this, in the period between growth seasons, the queen cultures of two-year-old cultures are stored in a room with a cool temperature. This creates ideal conditions for activating the processes of transition to flowering (growth is simultaneously suppressed). Storage conditions for vegetables are optimal if there is a delay in both growth and development. Owning this knowledge in vegetable production, one can independently control, for example, the growing season of cucumbers. What does this give? Rich harvest with excellent fruits.
The development of vegetable crops
Growth and growth in crops such as potatoes, tomatoes, or cabbage should be as intense and parallel as possible. The same can be said about plum, pear trees. This contributes to abundant fruiting and build-up of the assimilation apparatus. Suspension of the growing season for cucumbers or tomatoes will provide an opportunity to get a tasty harvest. At the same time, this will also affect the process of fruiting (uneven ripening of all fruits). For example, tomatoes: the category (variety) of a vegetable determines the growing season of tomatoes. What does this mean? Tomatoes are divided into:
The ripening period of early ripening is from 60 to 70 days, the earliest - from 75 to 90, the mid-ripening - from 85 to 105, the middle late - from 105 to 120, the late - about 130 days.
Vegetation period of cucumbers, potatoes and cabbage
For gardeners, the growing season of potatoes is important from the point of view of good fruiting. What is it and what parameters depends on? First, the dates depend on the variety, as is the case with tomatoes and cucumbers. Secondly, the growing conditions of the plant have a significant effect. On average, the period takes from 80 to 150 days. The varieties of cabbage maturity are divided into early, middle and late. The growing season of the first can take 3 months, and late ripening varieties - about six months.
Accelerating the growth process
The care of plants and various agrotechnical activities fall on the phenophases of cultural development. Most bushes bearing fruits or berries grow and develop due to plastic material present in the root system and its parts above the ground. This material is the result of savings over the past year, but not the components present in the soil at the moment.
In cases where the plant culture has not accumulated the required amount of nutrients, periodic fructification is inevitable due to the lack of strength to set the buds in order to get a good harvest next year. In order to stabilize the ability to bear fruit, as well as the growth of a crop, it is required to provide the plant with nutrients in the autumn season. To this end, widely used fertilizers with a high content of the required element - nitrogen. At the initial stage of the growing season, they will contribute to the formation of buds, thanks to which in a year it will be possible to get an excellent rich harvest.