Despite the general similarity in the name, the vegetation period and the growing season are absolutely different concepts. The second term characterizes the time period of the development of a plant species or its variety and is a biological concept that determines the time from seedlings to full maturation. This determines the category of plant culture. It can be late, mid-ripening and, accordingly, early. Quite different is the period of vegetation. What this is and what the process is characterized will be discussed below.
What is the process
Under the vegetation period is meant a certain interval of time in a year, during which a culture develops and grows on a particular territory with its own climatic features. In general, the vegetation period - what is it? Meteorological concept, referring to all plants that grow in a certain area.
Experienced gardeners, as well as truck farmers, begin harvesting until the seeds ripen. In some cases - even before the beginning of the fruiting period. For this reason, the time from the very beginning of the growth to the harvest is called. It is required to know only two time parameters to determine the vegetation period for tomatoes, cucumbers and many other crops that yield fruits several times a year. This is the time of the first and last harvest.
Depending on the nature of the plant species and the change of surrounding factors, the period of vegetation is also variable. That this is a non-constant value, few know. The process can vary from several days to several months. For example, if a certain plant culture does not have enough sunlight, then twice or three will increase the period of vegetation. That this is at variance with a similar situation under optimal growth conditions, even a beginning gardener can say. Vegetation is directly proportional to the growth and development of the plant, occurring in any organism at the same time. They are continuously interconnected, but differ in some cases in the speed of these processes and in intensity.
It is possible to control the vegetative period in plants. What does it mean? The stages of the process can be slowed down or, conversely, accelerated, creating ideal conditions for a favorable culture growth, since the environment greatly influences heredity.
Control of the process
It is especially important to create favorable conditions for active growth and rapid development of vegetable or fruit crops, which are annual. This can provide the following:
- excellent growth of fruits;
- an increase in the assimilation apparatus;
- fruiting, characterized by abundance and early timing.
If you stop the growing season of cucumbers or tomatoes, you can get a good harvest. However, it is worth considering that this will significantly affect the fruiting, namely - completely all the fruits will not be fully ripe.
There are situations and reverse. To obtain a crop of root crops or stems, you need to slow down the fruiting and increase the rate of growth due to the loss of food qualities and the stinging of the parts of plants under consideration after the appearance of the peduncles. Because of this, during the period between growth seasons, quartiles of crops belonging to a two-year-old are stored in a room with a cool temperature regime. This creates ideal conditions for activating the processes of transition to flowering (simultaneously, growth is suppressed). Storage conditions for vegetables are optimal if there is a delay in both growth and development. Knowing these knowledge in vegetable growing, you can independently control, for example, the period of vegetation of cucumbers. What does it give? A rich harvest with excellent fruits.
Development of vegetable crops
Development and growth in such crops as potatoes, tomatoes or cabbage should occur as intensively and in parallel as possible. The same can be said about plum and pear trees. This promotes abundant fruit bearing and the building up of the assimilation apparatus. Suspension of the vegetation period for cucumbers or tomatoes will make it possible to obtain a delicious harvest. At the same time, this will affect the process of fruiting (uneven ripening of all fruits). On an example of tomatoes: the category (grade) of a vegetable determines the vegetation period of tomatoes. What does that mean? Tomatoes are divided into:
The maturation period of early ripening is from 60 to 70 days, the early - from 75 to 90, the mid-ripening - from 85 to 105, the average late 105 to 120, late - about 130 days.
Period of vegetation of cucumbers, potatoes and cabbage
For truck farmers it is important, from the point of view of good fruiting, the growing season of potatoes. What is this and on what parameters does it depend? First, the timing depends on the variety, as in the cases with tomatoes and cucumbers. Secondly, the conditions of growing the plant have a significant influence. On average, the period takes an interval of 80 to 150 days. Cabbage varieties in terms of maturation are divided into early, middle and late. The period of vegetation of the first can take 3 months, and late-ripening varieties - about half a year.
Acceleration of the growth process
Care of plants and various agrotechnical activities fall on the phenophases of the development of culture. Most shrubs that bear fruit or berries grow and develop due to the plastic material present in the root system and its parts above the ground. This material is the result of savings over the past year, but not the components present in the soil at the moment.
In cases where the plant culture has not accumulated the necessary amount of nutrients, periodic fruiting is inevitable due to a lack of energy to lay the buds in order to obtain a good harvest next year. In order to stabilize the ability to fructify, as well as the growth of culture, it is required to provide nutrient elements to the plant in the autumn season. To this end, widely used fertilizers with a high content of the necessary element - nitrogen. At the initial stage of vegetation they will promote the formation of kidneys, thanks to which in a year it will be possible to get an excellent rich harvest.