The history of any country is fraught with many mysteries. We do not know if Atlantis really existed, for which the Egyptians built monumental and majestic pyramids, where the burials of the greatest generals of the ancient world - Genghis Khan and Alexander the Great - are located. And there are so many undiscovered secrets. One of them is a terrible story that happened in a place that is now called the "Dyatlov Pass". What actually happened here more than half a century ago?
In January 1959, a group of skiers from the tourist club of the Ural Polytechnic Institute went on a hike, designed for 16 days. During this time, they planned to pass at least 350 kilometers and climb to the tops of the Oiko-Chakur and Oorten mountains. The trek was among the highest category of complexity, as its members were experienced tourists.
The tragedy, the mystery of which for several decades does not give rest to the researchers, occurred on the slopes of Mount Holatchahl, located in the Northern Urals. The mountain at the Djatlov Pass (now called the place of the tragedy) is also known under a different, sinister name - "mountain of the dead". So they call it Mansi - representatives of the small nationality living in that region. Later on it began to speak in connection with the tragic death of members of the expedition Dyatlov.
Chronicle of events
The campaign of 10 members of the group started on January 23. From that moment the history of the Pass of Dyatlov began. Six were students (including the head of the tourist detachment Igor Dyatlov), three - graduates, and one instructor.
On the twenty-seventh, Yuri Yudin was forced to leave the route because of a disease (radiculitis). He was the only surviving member of the expedition. For four days the group walked along completely deserted places. January 31, tourists went to the headwaters of the river Auspia. The plans were to climb to the top of the mountain of Oorten and then continue the march further, but because of the strong wind that day the peaks could not be reached.
On the first of February, the participants of the hike established a storage with some of the things and food, and about 15 o'clock in the afternoon began the ascent. Stopping at the pass, which now bears the name of Igor Dyatlov, at 17 o'clock in the evening the participants of the march began setting up a tent for overnight. The gentle slope of the mountain could not threaten the woodpeckers. The details of the last hours of life of the tourists could be ascertained from the photos taken by the participants of the group. After eating, they went to bed. And then something terrible happened, forcing experienced tourists to run out in naked frost, cutting the tent.
The search for the missing group
The secret of the Dyatlov Pass shocked the first witnesses who arrived at the place of the tragedy that occurred. Search for tourists began two weeks after what happened last night on the slope of the Dead Man. On February 12 they had to reach the village of Vizhay - the final point of the hike. When by the appointed time the tourists did not appear, their search began. First the search group went to the tent. A mile and a half from her, at the edge of the forest, next to a small fire, two bodies were found, naked to the underwear. At 300 meters from this place lay the body of Dyatlov.
Approximately at the same distance from him, Zina Kolmogorova was found. A few days later, in the same area, another body was found, Slobodin. In late spring, when the snow began to melt, the bodies of the rest of the group were found. The case was terminated due to the absence of any plausible versions of what happened, and the authorities called the reason for the death of tourists an irresistible spontaneous force. Six people, according to medical experts, died from hypothermia, three - from severe bodily harm.
Pass Djatlov: versions of what happened
The tragedy that occurred on the Mount of the Dead more than half a century ago, during the Soviet period for many years kept a secret. If they talked about it, only those who were directly related to the incident, or to the investigation of the death of tourists. Of course, such conversations at that time could only be conducted privately, the townsfolk should not have known about what had happened in the Ural Mountains. In the 1990s, for the first time in the media, there were reports of those distant events. The secret of the Dyatlov Pass was immediately of interest to many researchers. What happened on the slope of Mount Otorten was beyond the scope of a normal accident or natural disaster. Soon the name of the place of death of young tourists became known to everyone - the "Djatlov Pass". Versions of the same tragedy grew and multiplied with each passing day. There were among them quite plausible attempts to explain the events that occurred, and a number of absolutely fantastic assumptions. The mysterious pass of Dyatlov - what really happened? Let's look at the current versions of the tragedy in more detail.
- 1 version - the descent of a snow avalanche. Supporters of this theory believe that an avalanche has descended on the tent with the people in it. Because of this, it fell through under a load of snow, and trapped tourists had to cut it from the inside. It was no longer worth it to be in it, because now it did not save us from the cold. Subcooling led to the fact that subsequent actions of people were inadequate. This led to their death. Severe injuries, found in several people - the result of the impact of the avalanche. This version has many drawbacks: neither the tent nor its attachments have been moved. Moreover, the ski poles stuck next to her in the snow remained untouched. If tourists are injured as a result of the avalanche, how to explain the absence of blood in the tent? Meanwhile, one of the victims had a crushed fracture of the skull.
Pass Djatlov - what really happened? We continue to consider the most plausible versions of a terrible tragedy half a century ago.
- 2 version - tourists were victims of some missile tests conducted by the military. In favor of this theory is the small radioactivity of the clothes of the dead and the strange orange color of their skin. But nearby there was no landfill, airfield and any facilities belonging to military units.
- 3 version, which tries to explain what happened on the Djatlov Pass, also implies the involvement of the military in the death of tourists. Perhaps, they became undesirable witnesses of some secret tests conducted in that area, and a decision was made to liquidate the group.
- 4 version - among the group members were representatives of the KGB, who conducted a secret operation to transfer radioactive materials to agents of foreign intelligence. They were exposed, and the whole group was liquidated by spies. The drawback of this version is the difficulty of carrying out such an operation in the distance from populated areas.
The mysterious pass of Dyatlov - the secret is revealed?
All the versions that try to explain what happened to the members of the group of tourists in 1959 have significant shortcomings. But there is a simpler explanation given by experienced climbers and tourists. Sleeping guys could scare a layer of snow that hit the tent. Deciding that it was an avalanche, they could hastily leave the shelter, after cutting the wall of the tent. Retreating to the forest, they managed to stitch the ski poles in the snow, then to find a place to sleep. And then, in the beginning of the snowstorm, the three fought back from the group and went out to the creek, to the precipice. Snowy visor, which they hit, could not stand the weight and collapsed. Having fallen from a great height, all three suffered fatal injuries. The rest died, as the investigation established, from hypothermia. This is the most rational explanation of the mysterious events that took place with the participants of the march.
The tragedy of 1959 in the North Urals in the cinema
Occurred half a century ago mysterious events with the group of Dyatlov devoted a lot of documentary and artistic tapes. Unfortunately, in most cases, the emphasis is not on trying to seriously investigate what happened, but on the mysterious and terrible events of that night. Of the latest interesting films on this topic can be called a documentary film-investigation "Pass Dyatlov. The secret is disclosed ", created in 2015 with the participation of the REN TV channel. The creators of the picture not only tried to find an explanation for the tragedy, but also presented the viewer with several new versions of the events.
While researchers have no access to secret archives, in which, perhaps, the answers to all questions are stored. For many enthusiasts, till now remains the treacherous Pass Djatlov. What really happened that night from 1 to 2 February with a group of young tourists? While all information about this tragedy is kept secret, any of the above versions has the right to exist. Let's hope that someday the history of the Pass of Dyatlov will be completed.
The only survivor of the group, Yuri Yudin, died in 2013. He was the first to identify the deceased comrades' belongings, but subsequently did not take an active part in the investigation. According to the will, the urn with the ashes of Yudin was placed in Yekaterinburg in the common grave of seven participants in the ill-fated campaign of 1959.